Lower-level programs

Table of contents

Sub-Program 1.1.1: First Nation Governments

Description

This sub-program supports the core operations and capacity development of First Nations governments, including the professional development of their personnel. Support for community development and capacity building is through collaborative, coordinated and targeted community-driven investments, leveraging partnership wherever possible. Funding is provided to support the costs of core government functions such as the holding of elections, law-making and enforcement, financial management, general administration, and executive leadership. In addition, the sub-program provides advice and support to First Nations on governance matters, and develops and implements legislation and policies that support the modernization of governance frameworks and transparent and accountable governance, while simultaneously overseeing the discharge of the Department's statutory and regulatory obligations in respect of governance processes under the Indian Act. Activities include — but are not limited to — assistance in establishing governance and associated capacities, processes and mechanisms, such as the development and implementation of community election systems, adoption of open and transparent governance practices, law-making and development of enforcement authorities.

Planned results
Expected results Performance indicators Target Date to achieve target
Enhanced governance capacity of First Nation Governments Percentage of First Nations who have submitted a plan and have received funding for the development or implementation of a Governance Capacity Plana 80% by March 31, 2018
Percentage of First Nations scoring low risk on the Governance section of the General Assessment 70% by March 31, 2018
a INAC uses the United Nations Development Programme's definition of capacity development as the process through which individuals, organizations and societies obtain, strengthen and maintain the capabilities to set and achieve their own development objectives over time.
Budgetary financial resources (dollars)
2017–2018 Planned spending 2018–2019 Planned spending 2019–2020 Planned spending
386,556,042 386,572,018 388,363,404
Human resources (FTEs)
2017–2018 Planned FTEs 2018–2019 Planned FTEs 2019–2020 Planned FTEs
401 401 401

Sub-Program 1.1.2: Indigenous Governance Institutions and Organizations

Description

This sub-program provides funding and supports aggregate program delivery and capacity through Indigenous governance institutions and organizations at the local, regional and national levels, including tribal councils and AFOA Canada (formerly Aboriginal Financial Officers Association of Canada). To provide support to First Nation governments wishing to develop capacity and systems in the areas of taxation and financial management, the First Nations Fiscal Management Act institutions receive administrative, policy and financial support to deliver on their legislative mandates under the Act. Funding, as well as tools, training and advice, are also provided to organizations and institutions to support First Nation government efforts to implement the Family Homes on Reserves and Matrimonial Interests or Rights Act.

Planned results
Expected results Performance indicators Target Date to achieve target
Governance institutions and organizations have the capacity to support First Nations Percentage of tribal councils scoring low risk on the General Assessment 90% by March 31, 2018
Percentage of First Nations Fiscal Management Act institutions scoring low risk on the General Assessment 100% by March 31, 2018
Budgetary financial resources (dollars)
2017–2018 Planned spending 2018–2019 Planned spending 2019–2020 Planned spending
27,252,818 15,746,658 15,746,658
Human resources (FTEs)
2017–2018 Planned FTEs 2018–2019 Planned FTEs 2019–2020 Planned FTEs
8 5 5

Sub-Program 1.2.1: Negotiations of Claims and Self-Government Agreements

Description

This sub-program supports Canada's commitment to the negotiation of claims and self-government agreements as the best means for reconciling Aboriginal rights, as recognized and affirmed under section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982, with the sovereignty of the Crown. It also supports Canada's commitment to negotiating self-government agreements to address aspirations for greater Indigenous autonomy and self-reliance and to promote good governance. With the participation of provincial and territorial governments, Canada negotiates claims and self-government agreements that provide Indigenous groups with a solid foundation for self-reliance and for the improvement of social, cultural and economic conditions within their communities.

Planned results
Expected results Performance indicators Target Date to achieve target
Certainty and clarity with respect to law-making authority and the ownership, use and control of land and resources Percentage of objectives reached as identified in the negotiations action plans 80% by March 31, 2018
Budgetary financial resources (dollars)
2017–2018 Planned spending 2018–2019 Planned spending 2019–2020 Planned spending
43,558,446 43,547,518 41,636,866
Human resources (FTEs)
2017–2018 Planned FTEs 2018–2019 Planned FTEs 2019–2020 Planned FTEs
159 159 158

Sub-Program 1.2.2: Specific Claims

Description

This sub-program provides support to address specific claims made by a First Nation against the federal government that relate to the administration of land and other First Nation assets, and to the fulfillment of Indian treaties. The Specific Claims sub-program is an alternative dispute resolution option in which First Nations may participate on a voluntary basis. Key activities include the assessment of the historical and legal facts of the claim; the negotiation of a settlement agreement if it has been determined that there is an outstanding lawful obligation; payment of monetary compensation to First Nations, pursuant to the terms of a settlement agreement or award of the Specific Claims Tribunal; and participation in proceedings before the Specific Claims Tribunal. The Government of Canada made the resolution of specific claims a priority when it announced the Specific Claims Action Plan in 2007, and reiterated its commitment to resolve claims in the 2010 Speech from the Throne. Following that, in the Federal Budget of 2013, funds were identified to continue to ensure that specific claims are addressed fairly and promptly. Resolving specific claims fairly and expeditiously addresses the legal rights of, and provides justice to First Nation claimants, discharges outstanding legal obligations of the Crown, and provides certainty for all Canadians.

Planned results
Expected results Performance indicators Target Date to achieve target
Canada discharges outstanding legal obligations to First Nations fairly and promptly through negotiated settlement agreements or awards of the Specific Claims Tribunal Percentage of claims assessed within the legislated three-year time frame 100% of claims filed with the Minister are assessed within the legislated three-year time frame by March 31, 2018
Number of negotiated settlement agreements concluded 10 settlement agreements concluded by March 31, 2018
Percentage of awards of the Specific Claims Tribunal paid within 45-days of the award being made 100% of all awards of the Specific Claims Tribunal, unless otherwise agreed by the parties or directed by the Specific Claims Tribunal, are paid in full within 45-days of the award being made by March 31, 2018
Budgetary financial resources (dollars)
2017–2018 Planned spending 2018–2019 Planned spending 2019–2020 Planned spending
926,433,208 1,007,624,459 42,686,044
Human resources (FTEs)
2017–2018 Planned FTEs 2018–2019 Planned FTEs 2019–2020 Planned FTEs
56 56 56

Sub-Program 1.2.3: Consultation and Accommodation

Description

This sub-program provides support to internal and external stakeholders to maintain collaboration with Indigenous groups and their representatives. It includes contributions to a representative organization for engagement on developing policy and programs, and advice on how to engage community members on the development of a community plan. In the context of the duty to consult, this support takes several forms, including: assistance to federal departments/agencies in fulfilling the Crown's duty to consult; engagement with Indigenous groups and representatives, provinces and territories, and industry with regard to that duty; and the negotiation and implementation of consultation protocols/agreements and related contributions (transfer payments).

Planned results
Expected results Performance indicators Target Date to achieve target
Assistance provided in fulfilling the Crown's legal duty to consult and, where appropriate, accommodate when Crown conduct may adversely affect rights of Indigenous peoples Number of instances where support is provided to assist in fulfilling the Crown's duty to consult 15,000 instances where support was provided by March 31, 2018
Budgetary financial resources (dollars)
2017–2018 Planned spending 2018–2019 Planned spending 2019–2020 Planned spending
61,221,963 58,095,898 57,949,541
Human resources (FTEs)
2017–2018 Planned FTEs 2018–2019 Planned FTEs 2019–2020 Planned FTEs
39 39 39

Sub-Program 1.2.4: Métis Relations and Rights Management, and Non-Status Indian Relations

Description

This sub-program aims to enhance the representativeness of Métis and non-status Indian organizations and their ability to build partnerships with federal and provincial governments and with the private sector. It also proactively supports the reconciliation of Métis rights.

Planned results
Expected results Performance indicators Target Date to achieve target
Enhanced capacity of Métis and Non-Status Indian Aboriginal Representative Organizations to effectively represent their members Percentage of Métis and Non-Status Indian Aboriginal Representative Organizations scoring low risk on the Governance, Planning and Financial Management sections of the General Assessment 75% by March 31, 2018
Assertions of Métis rights effectively managed Percent of self-identified Métis in five western-most provinces (according to National Household Survey) that are in Métis registries 29%a by March 31, 2018
a Combining the expected decrease in overall rate of growth and potential increase in Métis Nation-Saskatchewan registrations, the sub-program currently projects that 29% of self-identified Métis in the five westernmost provinces will be registered in Métis registries in 2017.
Budgetary financial resources (dollars)
2017–2018 Planned spending 2018–2019 Planned spending 2019–2020 Planned spending
4,521,394 4,088,894 4,088,894
Human resources (FTEs)
2017–2018 Planned FTEs 2018–2019 Planned FTEs 2019–2020 Planned FTEs
0 0 0

Sub-Program 2.1.1: Elementary and Secondary Education

Description

This sub-program supports First Nation decision-making by providing funding to eligible on-reserve students with elementary and secondary education services that are comparable to those required in provincial schools. The sub-program provides funding to First Nations, or organizations designated by First Nations, to pay salaries for on-reserve school teachers and other instructional services, reimburse tuition for on-reserve students who attend provincial schools, provide student support services (e.g. transportation), and enhance education services (e.g. curriculum and language development, teacher recruitment and retention, community and parent engagement in education, and Information Communication Technology capacity). Funding also targets a series of specific initiatives that: support students with identified, high-cost special education needs; improve student achievement levels in reading, writing and mathematics; develop school success plans; implement school performance measurement systems to assess, report on, and accelerate student progress; and encourage students to remain in school and graduate. Additionally, this sub-program invests in tripartite partnerships — amongst First Nations, provincial governments and the Government of Canada — to help First Nation students who move between on-reserve and provincial schools to succeed. This sub-program also includes a number of initiatives that support culturally appropriate education activities, including cultural education centres. It also provides support to First Nation and Inuit youth in their efforts to transition from secondary school to either post-secondary education or the labour market.

Planned results
Expected results Performance indicators Target Date to achieve target
First Nation students progress in their elementary and secondary education The percentage of tested students on reserve who meet or exceed standard assessmenta for literacy and numeracy in the province of reference (at the testing interval adopted by that province, referenced by gender and province) Incremental increase year after year Ongoing
a Standardized assessment attainment and increases in attainment rates over time are proxy indicators for likelihood of overall progression in studies.
Note: Reporting on data for this indicator is only required for First Nation Student Success Program recipients.
Budgetary financial resources (dollars)
2017–2018 Planned spending 2018–2019 Planned spending 2019–2020 Planned spending
1,835,274,508 1,923,175,558 2,022,548,869
Human resources (FTEs)
2017–2018 Planned FTEs 2018–2019 Planned FTEs 2019–2020 Planned FTEs
280 280 280

Sub-Program 2.1.2: Post-Secondary Education

Description

This sub-program helps eligible First Nation and Inuit students access and succeed in post-secondary education. The sub-program provides funding to First Nations, tribal councils or regional First Nation and Inuit organizations to assist eligible students to pay for tuition fees, books, travel, and living expenses (when applicable). Financial support also targets a series of specific initiatives to: enable eligible First Nation and Inuit students to attain the academic level required for entrance to degree and diploma credit programs through entrance preparation programs offered by Canadian post-secondary institutions; and assist post-secondary education institutions to design and deliver university- and college-level courses that are tailored to the needs of First Nation and Inuit students. This sub-program also provides funding to Indspire — a national, registered non-profit organization — to provide post-secondary scholarships, including matching funds raised by Indspire from non-federal sources, and to deliver programs, such as career conferences, for secondary students in order to help First Nation and Inuit students pursue academic or career opportunities.

Planned results
Expected results Performance indicators Target Date to achieve target
First Nation and Inuit post-secondary students who receive funding through the Post-Secondary Student Support Program progress in their program of study Percentage of Post-Secondary Student Support Program (PSSSP) funded students who completed their academic year and were funded the next academic yeara Incremental increase year after year Ongoing
Percentage of First Nation and Inuit students, funded through PSSSP, who continue in the program beyond the first year of their program of studyb Incremental increase year after year Ongoing
a This indicator represents movement of all funded students from any academic year to the next.
b This indicator represents movement of funded students from the first to second years of study only. Also, a proxy indicator for retention of students at a critical point of their education.
Budgetary financial resources (dollars)
2017–2018 Planned spending 2018–2019 Planned spending 2019–2020 Planned spending
367,910,279 367,530,126 378,647,090
Human resources (FTEs)
2017–2018 Planned FTEs 2018–2019 Planned FTEs 2019–2020 Planned FTEs
20 20 20

Sub-Program 2.2.1: Income Assistance

Description

This sub-program provides funding to First Nations, First Nation organizations and the province of Ontario (under the 1965 agreement) to assist eligible individuals and families living on reserve who are in financial need, through the provision of basic and special needs that are in alignment with the rates and eligibility criteria of reference for provinces or Yukon. The sub-program also provides funding for service delivery and pre-employment services designed to help clients transition to, and remain in, the workforce. INAC also contributes to the funding of day care services for First Nation families in Ontario and Alberta.

Planned results
Expected results Performance indicators Target Date to achieve target
Eligible men and women in need use income assistance supports and services to help them meet their basic needsa and transition to the workforce Percentage of Income Assistance clients and dependents, aged 16–64, who participate in Active Measuresb Increasing year over year
Historical Results:
2011–2012: 5%
2012–2013: 9%
2013–2014: 5%
by March 31, 2018
Income Assistance Dependency Rate Aligned to off-reserve dependency rate.
Historical Results:
2007–2008: 36.2%
2008–2009: 36.5%
2009–2010: 36.2%
2010–2011: 34.4%
2011–2012: 34.2%
2012–2013: 33.6%
by March 31, 2018
a "Basic needs" are defined as supports provided to eligible clients and dependents for the following categories of support: food; clothing; and shelter costs including, rent, fuel/utilities, and other shelter-related costs.
b "Active measures" is an approach to the delivery of social assistance. It is opposed to "passive measures", which is limited to the provision of a benefit. "Active measures" relies on two key components: 1) active case-management, which is a collaborative, client centred process that supports the client's achievement of safe, realistic and reasonable; 2) access to services and programs that aim to reduce obstacles to employment and increase employability of clients through basic skills training, formal education, skills training, and career counseling.
Budgetary financial resources (dollars)
2017–2018 Planned spending 2018–2019 Planned spending 2019–2020 Planned spending
963,793,716 1,002,537,896 1,045,518,596
Human resources (FTEs)
2017–2018 Planned FTEs 2018–2019 Planned FTEs 2019–2020 Planned FTEs
80 80 80

Sub-Program 2.2.2: Assisted Living

Description

This sub-program provides funding for non-medical, social supports services so that seniors, adults with chronic illness, and children and adults with disabilities can maintain functional independence. There are three major components to the sub-program: in-home care; adult foster care; and institutional care (institutional care is provided for eligible individuals in need of personal, non-medical care on a 24-hour basis). These services are available to individuals living on reserve or ordinarily resident on reserve who have been formally assessed by a health care professional (in a manner consistent with provincial or territorial legislation and standards), and identified as requiring services but without the means to obtain such services themselves.

Planned results
Expected results Performance indicators Target Date to achieve target
In-home, group-home and institutional care supports are accessible to low-income individuals in need Percentage of clients whose assessed social support needs are met 100% by March 31, 2018
Budgetary financial resources (dollars)
2017–2018 Planned spending 2018–2019 Planned spending 2019–2020 Planned spending
84,860,186 87,033,069 89,171,489
Human resources (FTEs)
2017–2018 Planned FTEs 2018–2019 Planned FTEs 2019–2020 Planned FTEs
19 19 19

Sub-Program 2.2.3: First Nations Child and Family Services

Description

This sub-program provides funding for child and family services supporting the safety and well-being of First Nation children and families who are ordinarily resident on reserve. Culturally appropriate prevention and protection services are delivered by service providers in accordance with provincial or territorial legislation and standards. This sub-program supports: developmental funding for new organizations; maintenance funding for costs associated with maintaining a child in care; operations funding for staffing and administrative costs of an agency; and prevention funding. In 2007, following provincial lead, the First Nations Child and Family Services sub-program started introducing changes focussing on prevention. The goal of the prevention approach is to improve services, family cohesion and life outcomes for First Nation children and families on reserve.

Planned results
Expected results Performance indicators Target Date to achieve target
First Nation children in need or at risk have access to and use protection and prevention supports and services Percentage of children not re-entering the child welfare system following a prior placement within the fiscal year (recurrence) Increasing year over year by March 31, 2018
Percentage of children in care who are placed with a family member (kinship care) Increasing year over year
Historical Results:
2008: 8.5%
2009: 10.1%
2010: 10.6%
2011: 11.9%
2012: 16.1%
2013: 18.23%
by March 31, 2018
Budgetary financial resources (dollars)
2017–2018 Planned spending 2018–2019 Planned spending 2019–2020 Planned spending
788,878,463 827,891,758 874,643,095
Human resources (FTEs)
2017–2018 Planned FTEs 2018–2019 Planned FTEs 2019–2020 Planned FTEs
46 48 44

Sub-Program 2.2.4: Family Violence Prevention

Description

This sub-program provides funding for family violence protection and prevention services that are responsive to community needs for which there are two components. The first component supports women, children and families living on reserve with family violence shelter services by providing funding to core shelter operations. The second component is to support family violence prevention activities by providing funding to Indigenous communities and organizations. The Family Violence Prevention sub-program also works to address issues related to Indigenous women and girls.

Planned results
Expected results Performance indicators Target Date to achieve target
Men, women or children in need or at risk have access to and use prevention and protection services Number of women and children accessing INAC-funded shelters N/Aa N/A
Percentage of projects directed to community priorities/needs 95% by March 31, 2018
a Please note that setting target for this indicator is not appropriate as it represents the ability to meet the needs of First Nations women and children for access to shelters.
Budgetary financial resources (dollars)
2017–2018 Planned spending 2018–2019 Planned spending 2019–2020 Planned spending
38,666,742 40,066,742 41,466,742
Human resources (FTEs)
2017–2018 Planned FTEs 2018–2019 Planned FTEs 2019–2020 Planned FTEs
14 14 14

Sub-Program 2.3.1: Registration and Membership

Description

This sub-program supports INAC, under the Indian Act, to maintain the Indian Register, determine entitlement to Indian registration, maintain departmentally controlled Band lists and provide advice on matters such as Band divisions and amalgamations. Through client services and partnerships with First Nations, the sub-program seeks to register eligible applicants pursuant to sections 5 to 7 of the Indian Act, and also issue proof of registration documents, such as the Secure Certificate of Indian Status, which identify those eligible to receive programs and services available to registered Indians. A current and accurate Indian Register and issuance of the Secure Certificate of Indian Status are fundamental to the effective and accountable delivery of federal programs and services for eligible users.

Planned results
Expected results Performance indicators Target Date to achieve target
Applicants receive a decision on entitlement under the Indian Act within established service standards Percentage of registration applications for which a decision is rendered within service standards. Current standards: 6 months for registration and 8 months for adoption from date that a completed application is received by the Department 80% by March 31, 2018
Eligible applicants receive Secure Certificate of Indian Status within service standards Percentage of eligible applicants issued a Secure Certificate of Indian Status within service standard. Current standard: 16 weeks from date that a completed application is received by the Department 90% by March 31, 2018
Budgetary financial resources (dollars)
2017–2018 Planned spending 2018–2019 Planned spending 2019–2020 Planned spending
24,486,969 24,486,451 24,513,402
Human resources (FTEs)
2017–2018 Planned FTEs 2018–2019 Planned FTEs 2019–2020 Planned FTEs
213 213 213

Sub-Program 2.3.2: Estates

Description

This sub-program ensures that the federal government's responsibilities (pursuant to sections 42 to 52 of the Indian Act) are met by developing policies and procedures, and providing guidance, information and support for the management and administration of Indian estates. The Indian Act provides the Minister of Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada with exclusive jurisdiction over the administration of estates for First Nations individuals who were ordinarily resident on reserve at the time of their death (decedent estates), or for those declared by the appropriate provincial/territorial authority to be incapable of managing their financial affairs (living estates of dependent adults). The Indian Act also provides the Minister with discretionary jurisdiction to appoint guardians to administer the property of minors. INAC's role includes approving a will or declaring a will to be void in whole or in part and providing for the administration of both decedent and living estates through the appointment of executors, administrators or guardians. INAC may also act as the administrator or guardian of an estate when there is no one else eligible or willing to do so.

Planned results
Expected results Performance indicators Target Date to achieve target
Canada fulfils its Indian Act obligations, in section 43 (a), to appoint executors and administrators of wills and estates within established service standards Percentage of estate files opened for which executors and administrators are appointed within 120 calendar days 90% by March 31, 2018
Budgetary financial resources (dollars)
2017–2018 Planned spending 2018–2019 Planned spending 2019–2020 Planned spending
4,474,910 4,474,910 4,474,910
Human resources (FTEs)
2017–2018 Planned FTEs 2018–2019 Planned FTEs 2019–2020 Planned FTEs
46 46 46

Sub-Program 3.1.1: Business Capital and Support Services

Description

This sub-program provides funding and support to a national network of Aboriginal Financial Institutions (AFIs), Indigenous organizations and non-Indigenous organizations to enhance access to capital for Indigenous entrepreneurs. This sub-program also supports ongoing capacity to create and maintain a sustainable network of AFIs to deliver business development services and provide non-repayable and repayable financing to Indigenous entrepreneurs and communities.

Planned results
Expected results Performance indicators Target Date to achieve target
The network of Aboriginal Financial Institutions is sustained Percentage increase in the value of the Aboriginal Financial Institutions network's gross loan portfolioa 1% increase from 2015–2016 (Baseline 2013–2014: $310,849,445) by March 31, 2018
(The reporting on the data will be in 2018 due to current data collection regime)
Percentage of AFI-supported Indigenous businesses actively repaying developmental loans 80% by March 31, 2018
a Gross Loan Portfolio based on data received from Aboriginal Financial Institutions and reported in fall of following fiscal year. As a result, there is a one-year lag on reporting results. Gross Loan Portfolio for 2013–2014 was $310,849,445.
Budgetary financial resources (dollars)
2017–2018 Planned spending 2018–2019 Planned spending 2019–2020 Planned spending
44,231,852 44,231,852 44,231,852
Human resources (FTEs)
2017–2018 Planned FTEs 2018–2019 Planned FTEs 2019–2020 Planned FTEs
14 14 14

Sub-Program 3.1.2: Business Opportunities

Description

This sub-program facilitates access by Indigenous businesses to public- and private-sector business opportunities, including federal procurement contracts, using instruments like the Procurement Strategy for Aboriginal Businesses, various partnership and participation approaches; capacity and network building; and assistance in establishing business strategies.

Planned results
Expected results Performance indicators Target Date to achieve target
Indigenous businesses win procurement contracts Percentage increase of federal procurement contracts value set aside for Indigenous businesses 5%a increase from 2012 result of $108 million by March 31, 2018
(The reporting on the data will be in 2019 due to current data collection regime)
a The data is collected by Public Works and Government Services Canada on an annual base with a two year lag in publication of results. The most current data available as of July 2015 is that of 2012 with $108 million federal set aside for Aboriginal businesses.
Budgetary financial resources (dollars)
2017–2018 Planned spending 2018–2019 Planned spending 2019–2020 Planned spending
3,048,402 3,048,402 3,048,402
Human resources (FTEs)
2017–2018 Planned FTEs 2018–2019 Planned FTEs 2019–2020 Planned FTEs
16 16 16

Sub-Program 3.2.1: Lands and Economic Development Services

Description

This sub-program supports communities to effectively build and manage a land base for economic development. Incentive-based funding encourages and supports First Nations seeking to take on additional land-management responsibilities under the Indian Act. It also supports an effective transition toward greater autonomy through modern land-management tools such as the First Nation Land Management Act (FNLMA) and the First Nations Oil and Gas and Moneys Management Act (FNOGMMA). Targeted funding is available to support training, capacity development, planning, and land and environmental management.

Planned results
Expected results Performance indicators Target Date to achieve target
First Nation and Inuit communities have capacity to manage land and environment and to pursue economic development Percentage of First Nations managing and administering their Land transactionsa 35% of 637 First Nations
(2014–2015 baseline: 30% of 637 First Nations)
by March 31, 2018
Percentage of First Nation and Inuit communities providing economic development public services to their members 70% of communities by March 31, 2018
a Land transactions include permits, leases, and other transactions under their responsibilities.
Budgetary financial resources (dollars)
2017–2018 Planned spending 2018–2019 Planned spending 2019–2020 Planned spending
141,452,109 142,814,281 147,295,613
Human resources (FTEs)
2017–2018 Planned FTEs 2018–2019 Planned FTEs 2019–2020 Planned FTEs
240 240 240

Sub-Program 3.2.2: Investment in Economic Opportunities

Description

This sub-program supports First Nations and Inuit communities seeking greater participation in large and complex economic opportunities. Targeted investments provide funding for First Nation and Inuit communities to better pursue economic opportunities. This sub-program also includes adoption of regulations for complex commercial and industrial development projects through the First Nation Commercial and Industrial Development Act which helps to establish increased certainty needed by investors. These activities are critical to successfully partner with the private and public sectors to effectively participate in — and benefit from — key economic opportunities.

Planned results
Expected results Performance indicators Target Date to achieve target
First Nation and Inuit communities leverage investments from private sector and other sources Investments leveraged from sources outside of the Department for First Nation and Inuit communities 1:3 (for every dollar invested by INAC, three dollars will be leveraged from sources outside the Department) by March 31, 2018
Budgetary financial resources (dollars)
2017–2018 Planned spending 2018–2019 Planned spending 2019–2020 Planned spending
33,815,940 33,911,940 33,815,940
Human resources (FTEs)
2017–2018 Planned FTEs 2018–2019 Planned FTEs 2019–2020 Planned FTEs
20 20 20

Sub-Program 3.2.3: Administration of Reserve Land

Description

This sub-program creates, monitors and registers the rights and interests in reserve lands (including the Federal Management of Oil and Gas Interests in the Reserve Land Program, which manages and regulates oil and gas development on First Nation reserve lands through Indian Oil and Gas Canada); defines reserve boundaries; and administers land management policies and processes, including additions to reserve. This sub-program further administers band moneys (capital and revenue moneys) — pursuant to sections 61 to 69 of the Indian Act — held within the Consolidated Revenue Fund for the use and benefit of bands and their members.

Planned results
Expected results Performance indicators Target Date to achieve target
First Nations benefit from the administration of reserve land. (Benefits include use of land for economic and community purposes) Percentage of active additions to reserve approveda 2.5% (approximately 35 additions to reserve per year) by March 31, 2018
Value of money collected by Indian Oil and Gas Canada on behalf of First Nationsb $45 million to $70 million by March 31, 2018
a An addition to reserve involves adding land to an existing reserve or creating new reserve for legal obligation and community expansion purposes for the socio-economic and cultural benefit of First Nations.
b Target is based on the current projected market demand and price. The money is collected on behalf of First Nations which is subsequently transferred to their capital and revenue accounts.
Budgetary financial resources (dollars)
2017–2018 Planned spending 2018–2019 Planned spending 2019–2020 Planned spending
32,551,056 30,428,783 28,124,056
Human resources (FTEs)
2017–2018 Planned FTEs 2018–2019 Planned FTEs 2019–2020 Planned FTEs
165 165 165

Sub-Program 3.2.4: Contaminated Sites (On-Reserve)

Description

This sub-program supports the assessment and remediation of contaminated sites on reserve lands and on other lands under the Department's custodial responsibility. It also supports First Nations to make investments in waste management systems that are critical to protecting the environment, health and safety, while improving the readiness of First Nation communities to access economic opportunities.

Planned results
Expected results Performance indicators Target Date to achieve target
The risk to public health and safety related to contaminated sites is decreased Number of Class 1 sites (sites with imminent concerns for public health and safety) where remediation activities are occurring to reduce risk 80a by March 31, 2018
First Nation land is available for development Number of contaminated sites completely remediated 5a by March 31, 2018
Federal liabilities related to the existence of contaminated sites are reduced Dollar reduction in total of known federal financial liabilities in confirmed contaminated sites at the beginning of the fiscal year $8 million by March 31, 2018
First Nations with waste management solutions that are comparable to off-reserve and tailored to the needs of the community Number of First Nation communities with improved solid waste infrastructure and programming Number of First Nation communities with improved infrastructure: 42
Number of First Nation communities with improved waste programming: 64
by March 31, 2018
a The target setting is dependent on the size of the sites, the complexity and duration of multi-year projects, and the timing and the level of budget resources.
Budgetary financial resources (dollars)
2017–2018 Planned spending 2018–2019 Planned spending 2019–2020 Planned spending
165,406,951 37,492,550 24,079,078
Human resources (FTEs)
2017–2018 Planned FTEs 2018–2019 Planned FTEs 2019–2020 Planned FTEs
31 12 12

Sub-Program 3.4.1: Water and Wastewater

Description

This sub-program provides funding to plan, design, construct, acquire, operate and maintain water and wastewater systems, including water supply, treatment and distribution, and wastewater collection, treatment and disposal. It also provides funding to: coordinate training and capacity building for activities related to water and wastewater facilities; identify on-reserve water and wastewater infrastructure needs; develop water and wastewater infrastructure capital plans; and design and implement management practices for water and wastewater facilities maintenance. The goal is to support First Nations in meeting health and safety standards and provide on-reserve residents with service levels comparable to those off reserve. First Nations identify priorities and needs and present project proposals to the Department. Funding is provided for projects based on a priority assessment.

Planned results
Expected results Performance indicators Target Date to achieve target
First Nations drinking water and wastewater systems meet established standards Percentage of on-reserve INAC-funded First Nation drinking water systems that have low risk ratings 65%
2011 baseline: 27%
by March 31, 2019
Percentage of on-reserve INAC-funded First Nation wastewater systems that have low risk ratings 65%
2011 baseline: 35%
by March 31, 2019
Number of long-term drinking water advisories affecting First Nation drinking water systems financially supported by INAC 31
2016 baseline: 77
by March 31, 2019
Budgetary financial resources (dollars)
2017–2018 Planned spending 2018–2019 Planned spending 2019–2020 Planned spending
525,580,474 207,844,179 207,844,179
Human resources (FTEs)
2017–2018 Planned FTEs 2018–2019 Planned FTEs 2019–2020 Planned FTEs
122 16 16

Sub-Program 3.4.2: Education Facilities

Description

This sub-program provides funding to: plan, design, construct/acquire, renovate, repair, replace, and operate and maintain band-operated elementary and secondary education facilities (including school buildings, teacherages and student residences) and any related facility services. Provincial school boards are also eligible for funding to plan, design, construct/acquire elementary and secondary education facilities for First Nation students. This sub-program also provides funding to: acquire, replace, and repair furniture, equipment and furnishing for schools, teacherages and student residences; identify education facility needs, and develop education facility plans; and design and implement maintenance management practices.

Planned results
Expected results Performance indicators Target Date to achieve target
First Nation education facilities meet established standards Percentage of First Nation schools with a greater than "fair" condition rating 70%
2011 baseline: 70%
by March 31, 2019
Budgetary financial resources (dollars)
2017–2018 Planned spending 2018–2019 Planned spending 2019–2020 Planned spending
577,215,232 466,197,745 452,490,965
Human resources (FTEs)
2017–2018 Planned FTEs 2018–2019 Planned FTEs 2019–2020 Planned FTEs
54 76 76

Sub-Program 3.4.3: Housing

Description

This sub-program provides funding for First Nations to: plan and manage housing needs; design, construct and acquire new housing units; as well as renovate existing housing units. Working with First Nations, this sub-program seeks to increase the supply of safe and affordable housing to achieve better housing outcomes for on-reserve residents.

Planned results
Expected results Performance indicators Target Date to achieve target
First Nations housing infrastructure needsa are supported Percentage of First Nation housing that is adequateb as assessed and reported annually by First Nations 75%
2011 baseline: 72%
by March 31, 2019
a Housing infrastructure needs are identified by First Nation communities.
b Adequate is defined in the Year-end Reporting Handbook for the Housing Data Collection Instrument as dwellings that do not require major renovations and possess basic plumbing facilities, hot and cold running water, inside toilets, and installed baths or showers.
Budgetary financial resources (dollars)
2017–2018 Planned spending 2018–2019 Planned spending 2019–2020 Planned spending
371,098,042 163,944,438 163,944,438
Human resources (FTEs)
2017–2018 Planned FTEs 2018–2019 Planned FTEs 2019–2020 Planned FTEs
87 20 20

Sub-Program 3.4.4: Other Community Infrastructure and Activities

Description

This sub-program provides funding to plan, design, construct, acquire, operate and maintain community infrastructure assets and facilities, as well as coordinate training and undertake capacity-building activities in this area. The goal is to support First Nations in better meeting health and safety standards and provide on-reserve residents with similar levels of service to those off reserve. First Nations identify priorities and needs in their First Nation Infrastructure Investment Plans. Funding is provided for projects based on a priority assessment.

Planned results
Expected results Performance indicators Target Date to achieve target
First Nations othera infrastructure meet established standards Percentage of bridges with greater than "fair" condition rating 60%
2012 baseline: 54%
by March 31, 2019
Percentage of roads with greater than "fair" condition rating 47%
2011 baseline: 45%
by March 31, 2019
a Other infrastructure includes all community assets not represented in previous sub-program activities. This includes band offices, community centres, fire protection assets and structural mitigation assets.
Budgetary financial resources (dollars)
2017–2018 Planned spending 2018–2019 Planned spending 2019–2020 Planned spending
677,824,019 508,836,025 509,135,463
Human resources (FTEs)
2017–2018 Planned FTEs 2018–2019 Planned FTEs 2019–2020 Planned FTEs
156 106 106

Sub-Program 3.4.5: Climate Resilience

Description

Through the First Nation Adapt program, this sub-program provides funding support to First Nation communities on-reserve to assess and respond to climate change impacts on community infrastructure and emergency management. The program focuses on addressing repetitive and severe climate impacts related to flooding, forest fires and winter road failure.

Planned results
Expected results Performance indicators Target Date to achieve target
First Nation communities have access to information, expertise and tools to support adaptation action Number of risk and adaptation assessments completed each year in First Nation communities 18–23 by March 31, 2018
First Nation communities identify adaptation measures to address risks and opportunities arising from climate change Percentage of completed risk and adaptation assessments that identify adaptation measures 50% by March 31, 2019
Adaptation measures are implemented to increase resilience of First Nation communities to the impacts of climate change Percentage of completed First Nation community risk and adaptation assessments with adaptation measures implemented 30% by March 31, 2021
Budgetary financial resources (dollars)
2017–2018 Planned spending 2018–2019 Planned spending 2019–2020 Planned spending
5,086,178 5,036,178 5,086,178
Human resources (FTEs)
2017–2018 Planned FTEs 2018–2019 Planned FTEs 2019–2020 Planned FTEs
6 6 6

Sub-Program 3.4.6: Emergency Management Assistance

Description

This sub-program provides funding to protect the health and safety of on-reserve First Nations residents as well as their lands and critical infrastructure. The sub-program promotes the four pillars of emergency management — mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery — by providing funding and overseeing the reimbursement of eligible emergency management costs; providing timely and efficient situational awareness; and developing policy to support emergency management. It further promotes efficiency by accessing existing resources and services of provincial/territorial and First Nation emergency management partners to address on-reserve emergencies as required (with the mandate to reimburse partners for eligible expenses).

Planned results
Expected results Performance indicators Target Date to achieve target
First Nations are supported in their efforts to mitigate and prepare for emergencies Percentage of non-structural mitigation (i.e., flood mapping and risk assessment) and preparedness funding allocated towards on-reserve emergency resiliency and capacity building 100% of the $19.1 million allocated towards on-reserve emergency resiliency and capacity building by March 31, 2018
First Nations are supported in their response to and recovery from emergencies Transfer of funds equivalent to eligible costs identified (eligible costs can include but not limited to the evacuation of on-reserve First Nation communities, direct emergency response activities, and other cleaning and rebuilding expenses) 100% by March 31, 2018
Budgetary financial resources (dollars)
2017–2018 Planned spending 2018–2019 Planned spending 2019–2020 Planned spending
67,142,928 67,142,928 67,142,928
Human resources (FTEs)
2017–2018 Planned FTEs 2018–2019 Planned FTEs 2019–2020 Planned FTEs
25 25 25

Sub-Program 4.1.1: Political Development, Intergovernmental and Inuit Relations

Description

This sub-program facilitates the growth of strong, effective and efficient government structures in the North. The devolution of responsibilities for land and resource management to territorial governments will strengthen northern governance. This sub-program also supports legislation and policy initiatives, the advancement of intergovernmental processes, collaboration with Inuit organizations and governments, the appointment of Territorial Commissioners and general federal-territorial relationships. In addition, it ensures that circumpolar cooperation activities reflect Canadian interests and grants are provided to territorial governments for hospital and physician services.

Planned results
Expected results Performance indicators Target Date to achieve target
Devolution of land and resource management to the Government of Nunavut Completion of devolution phases in Nunavut against the five-phase devolution process (five-phase process: protocol, agreement-in-principle, final agreement, legislation, and implementation) Complete Phase 2 by March 31, 2019
Canadian interests are advanced through international circumpolar cooperation activities Percentage of projects actioned under the Arctic Council and supported by INAC that reflect collaborative engagement from federal and territorial governments, and Canadian Indigenous stakeholders 100% by March 31, 2018
Budgetary financial resources (dollars)
2017–2018 Planned spending 2018–2019 Planned spending 2019–2020 Planned spending
76,012,177 77,121,177 78,529,857
Human resources (FTEs)
2017–2018 Planned FTEs 2018–2019 Planned FTEs 2019–2020 Planned FTEs
59 59 59

Sub-Program 4.1.2: Nutrition North

Description

This sub-program aims to improve access to perishable nutritious food for residents of isolated northern communities that lack year-round surface (marine, road or rail). The sub-program provides a retail-based subsidy to registered retailers and suppliers to help reduce the cost of perishable nutritious food in the eligible communities. It is supported by an advisory board that gives Northerners a direct voice in the sub-program.

Planned results
Expected results Performance indicators Target Date to achieve target
Residents in eligible communities have access to nutritious perishable food at a subsidized rate Percentage of compliance/audit reports demonstrating that subsidies have been fully passed on to consumers 100% by March 31, 2018
Percentage implementation of the new requirement for major northern retailers to show subsidy saving at the till receipt 100% by March 31, 2018
Annual percentage variation in the quantity of subsidized items shipped by air 3 to 5% by March 31, 2018
Budgetary financial resources (dollars)
2017–2018 Planned spending 2018–2019 Planned spending 2019–2020 Planned spending
89,072,123 93,114,259 97,508,003
Human resources (FTEs)
2017–2018 Planned FTEs 2018–2019 Planned FTEs 2019–2020 Planned FTEs
14 14 14

Sub-Program 4.1.3: Climate Change Adaptation and Clean Energy

Description

Through the Climate Change Preparedness in the North program and the Northern REACHE program (Responsible Energy Approach for Community Heating and Electricity), this sub-program provides funding support to Northern communities, governments, and organizations to address the impacts of climate change and to plan and construct renewable energy and energy efficiency projects.

Planned results
Expected results Performance indicators Target Date to achieve target
Territorial governments and northern Indigenous communities identify adaptation measures to address risks and opportunities arising from climate change Percentage of completed risk assessments and adaptation plans that identify adaptation measures 50% by March 31, 2019
Adaptation measures are implemented to increase resilience of territorial governments and northern Indigenous communities to the impacts of climate change Percentage of completed territorial government/community risk assessments and adaptation plans with adaptation measures implemented 30% by March 31, 2021
Renewable energy and energy efficiency projects are planned, constructed, and operational Percentage of projects funded at each stage (i.e. planning, construction, operation) Planning stage: 30%
Construction stage: 40%
Operational stage: 30%
by March 31, 2018
Budgetary financial resources (dollars)
2017–2018 Planned spending 2018–2019 Planned spending 2019–2020 Planned spending
11,128,822 4,712,770 4,712,771
Human resources (FTEs)
2017–2018 Planned FTEs 2018–2019 Planned FTEs 2019–2020 Planned FTEs
15 6 6

Sub-Program 4.2.1: Northern Contaminants

Description

This sub-program engages Northerners and scientists in researching and monitoring long-range contaminants in the Canadian Arctic. The data generated by this sub-program is used to assess ecosystem and human health, and the findings of these assessments inform policy, resulting in action to eliminate contaminants from long-range sources. This supports the safety and security of traditional country foods that are important to the health of Northerners and northern communities. The sub-program also contributes scientific data to contaminants-related international agreements and assessments, helping to position Canada as an international leader in Arctic science. These international agreements will improve the health of Arctic people and wildlife over the long term.

Planned results
Expected results Performance indicators Target Date to achieve target
Contaminants-related risk to ecosystem and human health is reduced Percentage decrease in concentrations of previously identified contaminants in human and wildlife populations in the North 5 to 10% decrease in three indicator persistent organic pollutants concentrations over 1990 levels by March 31, 2018
1 to 3% decrease in Mercury concentrations over 2013 levels by March 31, 2020
Contaminants-related research results are widely available for domestic and international policy use Percentage of current Northern Contaminants Program research, results and information that is accessible nationally and internationally 100% by March 31, 2018
Northerners participate in contaminants research Percentage of Northern Contaminants Program-funded projects in which Northerners are identified as project leaders and/or team members 100% of 2013–2014 baseline year by March 31, 2018
Budgetary financial resources (dollars)
2017–2018 Planned spending 2018–2019 Planned spending 2019–2020 Planned spending
4,575,815 4,575,815 4,575,815
Human resources (FTEs)
2017–2018 Planned FTEs 2018–2019 Planned FTEs 2019–2020 Planned FTEs
10 10 10

Sub-Program 4.2.2: Science Initiatives

Description

This sub-program works to position Canada as a leader in Arctic science and technology through the establishment of the Canadian High Arctic Research Station. The Station will be a world-class, year-round, multidisciplinary facility on the cutting edge of Arctic issues that will anchor a strong research presence in Canada's Arctic to serve Canada and the world. It will advance Canada's knowledge of the Arctic in order to improve economic opportunities, environmental stewardship and the quality of life of Northerners and all Canadians.

Planned results
Expected results Performance indicators Target Date to achieve target
Researchers have access to world-class Arctic infrastructure in the Canadian Northa Infrastructure is available for Polar Knowledge Canada and associated researchers Access to Canadian High Arctic Research Station infrastructure (interim office, Triplex Buildings, Field and Maintenance Building, Main Research Building) by July 1, 2017
a Commissioning will be completed by March 2018. A commissioning period is standard for any construction project to ensure that all systems (heating, ventilation, air conditioning, electrical, water, etc.) are in full working order before the facility is officially handed off to the owner. It is also anticipated that the facility will be transferred to Polar Knowledge Canada by March 2018.
Budgetary financial resources (dollars)
2017–2018 Planned spending 2018–2019 Planned spending 2019–2020 Planned spending
42,971,031 844,189 844,189
Human resources (FTEs)
2017–2018 Planned FTEs 2018–2019 Planned FTEs 2019–2020 Planned FTEs
35 23 23

Sub-Program 4.3.1: Petroleum and Minerals

Description

This sub-program manages the petroleum and mineral resource interests of Northerners, Indigenous peoples and Canadians generally on federal lands in the Northwest Territories, Nunavut and the northern offshore. This sub-program: manages the rights to Crown petroleum and mineral resources; collects Crown royalties; participates in project assessments and land-use planning; and promotes Indigenous participation in resource development. It regularly engages federal, territorial and Indigenous organizations to consider socio-cultural and environmental sensitivities related to petroleum and mineral activities.

Planned results
Expected results Performance indicators Target Date to achieve target
Petroleum and mineral resources on federal lands in NWT, Nunavut and northern offshore regions are managed for the benefit of Northerners and all Canadians Percentage of Canadian Frontier Landsa under licence managed by INAC 20% by March 31, 2018
Percentage of total Canadian mineral exploration and deposit appraisal expenditures made in Nunavut 7% by March 31, 2018
a Lands under federal jurisdiction in northern areas, offshore Newfoundland and Labrador, offshore Nova Scotia, and other areas, such as the Gulf of St. Lawrence and Hudson Bay.
Budgetary financial resources (dollars)
2017–2018 Planned spending 2018–2019 Planned spending 2019–2020 Planned spending
8,040,231 8,853,229 9,597,229
Human resources (FTEs)
2017–2018 Planned FTEs 2018–2019 Planned FTEs 2019–2020 Planned FTEs
20 20 20

Sub-Program 4.3.2: Contaminated Sites

Description

This sub-program ensures that contaminated sites are managed to ensure the protection of human health, safety and the environment for all Northerners by assessing and remediating contaminated sites and supporting the employment and training of Northerners, particularly Indigenous peoples.

Planned results
Expected results Performance indicators Target Date to achieve target
Contaminated sites are managed to ensure the protection of human health and the safety of the environment while bringing economic benefit to the North Percentage of high priority sitesa in Step 8 (implementation) through Step 10 (monitoring) of the Approach to Federal Contaminated Sites 45% by March 31, 2018
Percentage of people employed within Contaminated Sites projects that are Northerners and/or Indigenous people 60% by March 31, 2018
a High priority sites: Sites classified as Class 1 sites as per the National Classification System for Contaminated Sites
Budgetary financial resources (dollars)
2017–2018 Planned spending 2018–2019 Planned spending 2019–2020 Planned spending
238,558,732 160,241,889 168,923,049
Human resources (FTEs)
2017–2018 Planned FTEs 2018–2019 Planned FTEs 2019–2020 Planned FTEs
93 93 93

Sub-Program 4.3.3: Land and Water Management

Description

This sub-program manages the land and water interests of Northerners, Indigenous peoples, and other Canadians in Nunavut and in lands managed by the Department in the Northwest Territories and Yukon. This is achieved through: the development, approval and implementation of sound land use plans; environmental monitoring; administration of land rights; provision of inspection and investigation services for land use permits and water licences; and management of their securities.

Planned results
Expected results Performance indicators Target Date to achieve target
Land and Water regimes in Nunavut and in lands managed by the Department in NWT and the Yukon are managed for the benefit of Northerners and all Canadians Percentage of land and water authorizations (risk based approach), under the responsibility of the Department, inspected NWT = 15%
Nunavut = 25%
by March 31, 2018
Percentage of requests for land authorizations, and water licences submitted for Ministerial decision, responded to within legislated time limit 100% by March 31, 2018
Percentage of land use planning initiatives submitted for Ministerial decision responded to as per Northwest Territories and Nunavut legislationa 100% by March 31, 2018
a Mackenzie Valley Resource Management Act, Nunavut Planning and Projects Assessment Act, Deh Cho First Nations Interim Measures Agreement
Budgetary financial resources (dollars)
2017–2018 Planned spending 2018–2019 Planned spending 2019–2020 Planned spending
17,723,745 18,153,745 18,153,745
Human resources (FTEs)
2017–2018 Planned FTEs 2018–2019 Planned FTEs 2019–2020 Planned FTEs
117 117 117
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