Income Assistance: Key Facts

The following table explains the number of on-reserve income assistance beneficiaries across Canada and the percentage of the on-reserve population that is dependent on income assistance from 2005 to 2013.

Table 3: Income Assistance Beneficiaries / Dependency Rate
  2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13
BC Beneficiaries 19,954 18,432 16,586 6,799 16,604 17,520 15,991 19,052
Rate (%) 23.7 23.4 20.4 24.6 21.9 19.2 20.4 23.9
AB Beneficiaries 25,441 26,710 27,692 27,312 28,218 26,563 25,414 25,332
Rate (%) 39 39.8 41.7 39.7 40.8 36.6 35.8 35.2
SK Beneficiaries 31,935 32,210 32,436 32,353 32,845 34,307 34,732 25,029
Rate (%) 49.3 48.7 50.1 48.9 46.8 48.1 47.7 35.1
MB Beneficiaries 36,428 40,113 41,311 42,031 43,210 42,474 45,157 45,929
Rate (%) 46.8 50.4 50.9 50.9 53.3 50 52.1 46.5
ON Beneficiaries 20,933 20,643 20,289 19,867 21,062 20,796 20,528 20,185
Rate (%) 25.1 24.4 23.3 22.8 23.1 22.6 21.9 24.4
QC Beneficiaries 8,990 7,114 7,526 7,010 9,303 9,097 9,108 12,963
Rate (%) 21.9 17.1 14.6 16.3 21.4 23 20.5 28.5
ATL Beneficiaries 13,398 13,304 7,581 10,404 12,812 12,721 10,668 11,640
Rate (%) 70.1 71 36.1 48.5 64.1 62.5 46.9 50.1
YK Beneficiaries 854 704 1,122 964 1,580 1,248 1,327  
Rate (%) 24.8 29.2 21.2 20.2 24.1 19 19.2 17.1
Total Beneficiaries
Canada-wide
157,573 159,230 154,543 146,740 165,634 164,726 162,925 161,062

33.6

Note: Beneficiaries’ data are influenced by a number of factors including changes in methodology, quality of reporting, completion rates and economic situations of each First Nations and Canada-wide.

*Source: Regional AANDC Office – First Nations National Reporting Guide, Income Assistance Data Collection Instrument.

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