Have you applied to join the Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation?

Learn more about the Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation enrolment process.

Update

Individuals who were removed from the updated Founding Members List have received a letter dated August 31, 2018 from the Indian Registrar advising them that their name had been deleted from the Indian Register (loss of Indian status) or that they had undergone a Category Amendment as they remained eligible for registration under the Indian Act as a child of a Founding Member.

Individuals who remained on the updated Founding Members List will not receive confirmation in writing of such.

The Government of Canada and the Federation of Newfoundland Indians recognize that the Qalipu enrolment process has important implications for individuals involved. The Hope for Wellness Line is available for Indigenous people to access immediate, culturally competent telephone counselling, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. If you are experiencing emotional distress and want to talk to someone, please call the First Nations and Inuit Hope for Wellness Help Line at 1-855-242-3310 or through their new online chat.

On this page

What are the key dates in the process?

April 30, 2018: End of the enrolment process

June 1, 2018: Indian Registrar's letter on potential loss of Indian status

June 25, 2018: Coming-into-force date of the updated Founding Members List

Summer 2018: Updated list provided to Indian Registrar for implementation

July 31, 2018: Additions to the Indian Register

August 31, 2018: Deletions of names from the Indian Register (loss of Indian status) or change in category

Were you added to the updated Founding Members List?

If you were newly eligible for founding membership, and were added to the updated Founding Members List, you were sent a letter from the Indian Registrar dated July 31, 2018 that:

Once you receive your letter and Temporary Confirmation of Registration Document (TCRD), you may apply for a Secure Certificate of Indian Status (SCIS) card. The status card will replace the Temporary Confirmation of Registration Document. To learn more about the status card, visit Are you applying for a status card?

If you have not received the July 31, 2018 letter containing the Temporary Confirmation of Registration Document, please contact the Government of Canada's Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation toll-free telephone line at 1-800-561-2266.

Services and benefits

Now that  your name has been added to the Indian Register, you are able to access services and benefits available to registered Indians such as the Non-Insured Health Benefits (NIHB) Program and the Post-Secondary Student Support Program. For more information, consult:

Were you removed from the updated Founding Members List?

Since you were removed from the updated Founding Members List, a letter from the Indian Registrar dated August 31, 2018 was sent to you advising of the deletion of your name from the Indian Register, which means:

Services and benefits

Now that your name has been deleted from the Indian Register, you are no longer eligible for services and benefits available to registered Indians, including those provided under the Non-Insured Health Benefits Program and the Post-Secondary Student Support Program. This change took effect on August 31, 2018.

The Government of Canada will not seek repayment for any benefits you received while registered as a Status Indian.

Non-Insured Health Benefits Program

Since you have lost your registered Indian status, you are no longer entitled to receive benefits under the Non-Insured Health Benefits Program. You are strongly encouraged to seek other options for health benefit coverage.

Indigenous Services Canada (ISC) staff will be available to provide documentation that may be required to support individuals transitioning to other benefit plans, such as provincial or territorial health benefit programs. If you would like to learn more about your options, call the Government of Canada's Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation line at 1-800-561-2266.

Post-Secondary Student Support Program

The Post-Secondary Student Support Program is for registered First Nation members.

In collaboration with Indigenous Services Canada (ISC), the Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation will be available to help identify possible post-secondary funding options and can assist you in determining an appropriate transition plan. If you would like to learn more about your options, call the Government of Canada's Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation line at 1-800-561-2266.

Secure Certificate of Indian Status

Now that your name has been deleted from the Indian Register, your Secure Certificate of Indian Status card is no longer valid and can no longer be used. This change took effect on August 31, 2018.

Attempting to use a cancelled Status Card or registration number could result in legal consequences. The Government of Canada takes allegations and complaints related to the misuse of Indian Status cards very seriously. Any information found or received that is indicative of fraud or other illegal activities will be turned over to policing authorities.

Category amendments

If you received a letter from the Indian Registrar dated August 31, 2018 saying your registration category has been amended:

If you are not yet registered as a Status Indian, you will have to make a separate application seeking registration under the Indian Act. To learn more, visit Are you applying for Indian status?

Did you remain on the updated Founding Members List?

If you are still on the updated Founding Members List and you are currently registered under the Indian Act:

You will not receive a letter from the Indian Registrar confirming that you remained on the Updated Founding Members List.

If you need to renew or apply for a Secure Certificate of Indian Status card, visit Are you applying for a status card?

How does the Wells federal court decision affect you?

The Wells' cases challenged the denial of applications for founding membership in the Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation based on the self-identification criterion of the enrolment process.

On May 8, 2018, the federal court determined that:

The Government of Canada and the Federation of Newfoundland Indians are assessing the anticipated effects of the federal court's decision and will announce next steps in the process for those affected by the decision in the fall of 2018.

What should I do if my address or other information has changed?

If your address or other information has changed since you submitted your original application, please call the Government of Canada's Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation line at 1-800-561-2266 or send a signed letter by fax to 1-204-984-3032. Make sure to include:

Results of the Enrolment Process

Of the 100,682 applications reviewed during the enrolment process, the results are as follows:

Based on these numbers, the Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation will continue to be the second largest First Nation by population in Canada with a membership of approximately 21,000 individuals. It is anticipated that the membership will be comprised of approximately 95% of people living in Newfoundland and Labrador and 5% living elsewhere in Canada, reflecting the intent of the 2008 Agreement to establish a band composed of individuals having a current and substantial connection to the Mi'kmaq Group of Indians of Newfoundland.

About the creation of the Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation

The creation of the Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation is an important step forward for the Mi'kmaq people of Newfoundland.

In 2008, the Government of Canada and the Federation of Newfoundland Indians (FNI), the group representing the Mi'kmaq people in that province, signed the Agreement for the Recognition of the Qalipu Mi'kmaq Band (PDF Version, 1.51 Mb, 111 pages) to establish a landless band for the Mi'kmaq of Newfoundland. In 2013, a Supplemental Agreement was signed by Canada and the FNI as the way forward to assess the overwhelming number of applications for founding membership in the Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation and to resolve issues that emerged in the implementation of the enrolment process.

The Enrolment Committee, equally represented by the FNI and the Government of Canada, completed the review of all applications in January 2017. The enrolment and appeal processes concluded in April 2018. Everyone who filed an appeal should have received a decision by mid-April 2018.

The Order-in-Council received final approval by the Governor-in-Council on June 25, 2018. The updated Founding Members List was given to the Indian Registrar and has been implemented throughout summer 2018.

Basis of assessments

As set out in the 2008 Agreement, an individual is eligible to be enrolled as a Founding Member if he or she, in the assessment of the Enrolment Committee:

  • is of Canadian Indian ancestry
  • is a member of a Newfoundland Pre-Confederation Mi'kmaq Community (or is a descendent of such person)
  • was not registered on the Indian Register on the date of the Recognition Order (September 22, 2011)
  • was alive on the date of the Recognition Order (September 22, 2011)
  • self-identified as a member of the Mi'kmaq Group of Indians of Newfoundland on the date of the Recognition Order
  • was accepted by the Mi'kmaq Group of Indians of Newfoundland as a member of the Mi'kmaq Group of Indians of Newfoundland on the date of the Recognition Order

Every applicant was required to provide objective evidence to establish that he or she had a current and substantial connection to the Mi'kmaq group of Indians of Newfoundland leading up to the date of the September 22, 2011 Recognition Order.

List of current Mi'kmaq Communities

List of geographic locations of Mi'kmaq Groups of Indians on the Island of Newfoundland:

Abraham's Cove Cox's Cove Lewisporte Red Island
Appleton Deer Lake Lourdes Sheaves Cove
Badger Flat Bay Lower Cove Ship Cove
Birchy Bay Fox Island River Mainland Sop's Arm
Bishop's Falls Gallants Massey Drive St. Albans
Black Duck Brook Gander Mattis Point St. Fintan's
Black Duck Siding Gander Bay South McIvers St. George's
Boswarlos Gander Bay North Meadows St. Teresa's
Botwood Gilliams Millertown Steady Brook
Brown's Arm Glenwood Mount Moriah Stephenville
Buchans Grand-Falls/Windsor Norris Arm Stephenville Crossing
Burgeo Hughes Brook Northern Arm Red Island
Campbells Creek Humber Arm South Pasadena Three Rock Cove
Campbellton Irishtown/Summerside Peterview West Bay
Cape St. George Kippens Piccadilly York Harbour
Comfort Cove Lark Harbour Point Leamington Swift Current
Corner Brook Leading Tickles Port au Port East  

Contact us

The Government of Canada's Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation toll-free telephone line:
1-800-561-2266
TTY: 1-800-465-7735
Consult: Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation Website

Related links

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