Have you applied to join the Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation?

Learn more about the Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation enrolment process.

Update

If you were denied founding membership in the Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation in 2017 on the basis of the self-identification criterion and your address has recently changed, please update your address as soon as possible so we can contact you if you are affected by the recent Wells federal court decision.

The Government of Canada has also announced it will begin exploratory discussions with the Federation of Newfoundland Indians (FNI) regarding specific groups who were denied founding membership. We will communicate further details as they become available.

The Government of Canada and the FNI recognize that the Qalipu enrolment process has important implications for individuals involved. The Hope for Wellness Line is available for Indigenous people to access immediate, culturally competent telephone counselling, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. If you are experiencing emotional distress and want to talk to someone, please call the First Nations and Inuit Hope for Wellness Help Line at 1-855-242-3310 or through their new online chat.

On this page

Self-identification re-assessment as a result of the Wells federal court decision

The Wells' cases challenged the denial of applications for founding membership in the Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation based on the self-identification criterion of the enrolment process.

On May 8, 2018, the federal court determined that:

As a result of this decision, if you were denied founding membership with the Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation in 2017 based on the original self-identification criterion:

The Enrolment Committee, equally represented by members of the Federation of Newfoundland Indians, the Government of Canada and an independent Chair, will be responsible for reassessing applications as a result of the Wells federal court decision.

What is a self-identification document?

If you are submitting documents, you must submit at least one of the following documents (you are encouraged to send as many documents as possible):

  • a 2011 or earlier census return or National Household Survey response filed by a resident of Newfoundland, indicating that you identified as an Aboriginal person, a North American Indian or a member of an Indian band or First Nation
  • a copy of a Newfoundland newspaper article dated on or before September 22, 2011 reporting your participation as a member of the Mi'kmaq Group of Indians of Newfoundland in ceremonial, traditional or cultural activities of the Mi'kmaq of Newfoundland
  • a certified true copy of an application form filled out by a resident on the island of Newfoundland dated on or before September 22, 2011, indicating that you self-identified as Mi'kmaq, Indian or Aboriginal for the purpose of being selected for:
    • a job in a government, other public institution, the Federation of Newfoundland Indians, Ktaqamkuk Mi'kmaq Alliance, Benoit First Nation or Sip'kop Mi'kmaq Band or
    • a program benefit sponsored by a government or government agency.
  • other relevant documents submitted to or issued by a government, a public institution, the Federation of Newfoundland Indians, Ktaqamkuk Mi'kmaq Alliance, Benoit First Nation, Kitpu Band or Sip'kop Mi'kmaq Band, dated on or before September 22, 2011, showing that you self-identified as a Member of the Mi'kmaq Group of Indians of Newfoundland
  • a membership card or confirmation of membership letter dated on or before September 22, 2011, if you are on a membership list of the Federation of Newfoundland Indians, Ktaqamkuk Mi'kmaq Alliance, Benoit First Nation, Kitpu Band or Sip'kop Mi'kmaq Band that was submitted to the Enrolment Committee during the previous assessment .

Only documents pertaining to the self-identification criterion will be considered during this re-assessment period.

Self-identification re-assessment process

Description of the Self-identification re-assessment process

The chart describes the outcomes of the self-identification re-assessment period for the implementation of the Wells federal court decision.

Scenario 1

  • You applied for re-assessment of your application for founding membership on or before the deadline outlined in the January 2019 letter.
  • You did not meet the updated self-identification criterion.
  • After the self-identification re-assessment period, the Enrolment Committee will send you a denial letter with the right to appeal the Enrolment Committee's decision to the Appeal Master.

Scenario 2

  • You applied for re-assessment of your application for founding membership on or before the deadline outlined in the January 2019 letter.
  • You met the updated self-identification criterion.
  • You did not meet the criteria of group acceptance or ancestry.
  • After the re-assessment period, the Enrolment Committee will send you a denial letter with the right to appeal the Enrolment Committee's decision to the Appeal Master.

Scenario 3

  • You applied for re-assessment of your application for founding membership on or before the deadline outlined in the January 2019 letter.
  • You met the updated self-identification criterion.
  • You met the criteria of group acceptance and ancestry.
  • After the re-assessment period, the Enrolment Committee will send you an acceptance letter and your name will be put forward in an Order-in-Council for addition to the Founding Members List.

The above scenarios could be affected by the results of the exploratory discussions described below.

Exploratory Discussions

The Government of Canada and the FNI have announced their commitment to enter into exploratory discussions regarding members of the FNI and other Mi'kmaq Organizations named in the 2008 Agreement, members of the Canadian Armed Forces, veterans, and members of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) who were involved in the Enrolment Process.

As the discussions are in the preliminary stages, individuals affected by this announcement will be contacted once further information becomes available.

Canada recognizes and deeply values the meaningful contributions of our veterans, Canadian Armed Forces and RCMP to the development of our nation, and honours the sacrifices made in the defence of freedom and the pursuit of world peace.

The Government of Canada and the FNI will continue to work collaboratively to address concerns around founding membership in the Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation, while upholding the integrity of the Qalipu enrolment process.

2018 updates to the Founding Members List

Were you added to the updated Founding Members List?

If you were newly eligible for founding membership, and were added to the updated Founding Members List, you were sent a letter from the Indian Registrar dated July 31, 2018 that:

Once you receive your letter and Temporary Confirmation of Registration Document (TCRD), you may apply for a Secure Certificate of Indian Status (SCIS) card. The status card will replace the Temporary Confirmation of Registration Document. To learn more about the status card, visit Are you applying for a status card?

If you have not received the July 31, 2018 letter containing the Temporary Confirmation of Registration Document, please contact the Government of Canada's Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation toll-free telephone line at 1-800-561-2266.

Services and benefits

Now that your name has been added to the Indian Register, you are able to access services and benefits available to registered Indians such as the Non-Insured Health Benefits (NIHB) Program and the Post-Secondary Student Support Program. For more information, consult:

Were you removed from the updated Founding Members List?

Since you were removed from the updated Founding Members List, a letter from the Indian Registrar dated August 31, 2018 was sent to you advising of the deletion of your name from the Indian Register, which means:

  • you have lost your Indian status
  • you are no longer eligible for services and benefits available to registered Indians
  • your Secure Certificate of Indian Status (SCIS) card is no longer valid

Services and benefits

Now that your name has been deleted from the Indian Register, you are no longer eligible for services and benefits available to registered Indians, including those provided under the Non-Insured Health Benefits Program and the Post-Secondary Student Support Program. This change took effect on August 31, 2018.

The Government of Canada will not seek repayment for any benefits you received while registered as a Status Indian.

Non-Insured Health Benefits Program

Since you have lost your registered Indian status, you are no longer entitled to receive benefits under the Non-Insured Health Benefits Program. You are strongly encouraged to seek other options for health benefit coverage.

Indigenous Services Canada (ISC) staff will be available to provide documentation that may be required to support individuals transitioning to other benefit plans, such as provincial or territorial health benefit programs. If you would like to learn more about your options, call the Government of Canada's Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation line at 1-800-561-2266.

Post-Secondary Student Support Program

The Post-Secondary Student Support Program is for registered First Nation members.

In collaboration with ISC, the Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation will be available to help identify possible post-secondary funding options and can assist you in determining an appropriate transition plan. If you would like to learn more about your options, call the Government of Canada's Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation line at 1-800-561-2266.

Secure Certificate of Indian Status

Now that your name has been deleted from the Indian Register, your Secure Certificate of Indian Status card is no longer valid and can no longer be used. This change took effect on August 31, 2018.

Attempting to use a cancelled Status Card or registration number could result in legal consequences. The Government of Canada takes allegations and complaints related to the misuse of Indian Status cards very seriously. Any information found or received that is indicative of fraud or other illegal activities will be turned over to policing authorities.

Category amendments

If you received a letter from the Indian Registrar dated August 31, 2018 saying your registration category has been amended:

  • you have retained your registered Indian status under a different provision of the Indian Act
  • you remain eligible for services and benefits available to registered Indians
  • your Secure Certificate of Indian Status card remains valid

If you are not yet registered as a Status Indian, you will have to make a separate application seeking registration under the Indian Act. To learn more, visit Are you applying for Indian status?

Did you remain on the updated Founding Members List?

If you are still on the updated Founding Members List and you are currently registered under the Indian Act:

  • you maintain registered Indian status
  • you maintain access to services and benefits available to registered Indians
  • your Secure Certificate of Indian Status (status card) remains valid

You will not receive a letter from the Indian Registrar confirming that you remained on the Updated Founding Members List.

If you need to renew or apply for a Secure Certificate of Indian Status card, visit Are you applying for a status card?

What if your address or other information has changed?

If your address or other information has changed since you submitted your original application, please call the Government of Canada's Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation line at 1-800-561-2266 or send a signed letter by fax to 1-204-984-3032. Make sure to include:

Results of the enrolment process

Of the 100,682 applications reviewed during the enrolment process, the results are as follows:

Based on these numbers, the Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation will continue to be the second largest First Nation by population in Canada with a membership of approximately 21,000 individuals. It is anticipated that the membership will be comprised of approximately 95% of people living in Newfoundland and Labrador and 5% living elsewhere in Canada, reflecting the intent of the 2008 Agreement to establish a band composed of individuals having a current and substantial connection to the Mi'kmaq Group of Indians of Newfoundland.

About the creation of the Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation

The creation of the Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation is an important step forward for the Mi'kmaq people of Newfoundland.

In 2008, the Government of Canada and the Federation of Newfoundland Indians (FNI), the group representing the Mi'kmaq people in that province, signed the Agreement for the Recognition of the Qalipu Mi'kmaq Band (PDF Version, 1.51 Mb, 111 pages) to establish a landless band for the Mi'kmaq of Newfoundland. In 2013, a Supplemental Agreement was signed by Canada and the FNI as the way forward to assess the overwhelming number of applications for founding membership in the Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation and to resolve issues that emerged in the implementation of the enrolment process.

The Enrolment Committee, equally represented by the FNI and the Government of Canada, completed the review of all applications in January 2017. Everyone who filed an appeal should have received a decision by mid-April 2018.

The enrolment and appeal processes concluded in April 2018 when the updated Founding Members List was provided to the Government of Canada and the Federation of Newfoundland Indians by the Enrolment Committee.

The Order-in-Council was passed by the Governor-in-Council on June 25, 2018. The updated Founding Members List replaced the list from 2011 and was given to the Indian Registrar for implementation throughout summer 2018.

Individuals who were newly eligible for founding membership in the Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation were registered as an Indian under the Indian Act and were sent a letter of confirmation dated July 31, 2018. On August 31, 2018, individuals who no longer met the criteria for founding membership in the Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation either had their names deleted from the Indian Register, or, if they were a child of a Founding Member underwent a category amendment and kept their Indian status under a different provision of the Indian Act.

Basis of assessments

As set out in the 2008 Agreement, an individual was eligible to be enrolled as a Founding Member if he or she, in the assessment of the Enrolment Committee:

  • is of Canadian Indian ancestry
  • is a member of a Newfoundland Pre-Confederation Mi'kmaq Community (or is a descendent of such person)
  • was not registered on the Indian Register on the date of the Recognition Order (September 22, 2011)
  • was alive on the date of the Recognition Order (September 22, 2011)
  • self-identified as a member of the Mi'kmaq Group of Indians of Newfoundland on the date of the Recognition Order
  • was accepted by the Mi'kmaq Group of Indians of Newfoundland as a member of the Mi'kmaq Group of Indians of Newfoundland on the date of the Recognition Order

Every applicant was required to provide objective evidence to establish that he or she had a current and substantial connection to the Mi'kmaq group of Indians of Newfoundland leading up to the date of the September 22, 2011 Recognition Order.

List of current Mi'kmaq Communities

List of geographic locations of Mi'kmaq Groups of Indians on the Island of Newfoundland:

Abraham's Cove Cox's Cove Lewisporte Red Island
Appleton Deer Lake Lourdes Sheaves Cove
Badger Flat Bay Lower Cove Ship Cove
Birchy Bay Fox Island River Mainland Sop's Arm
Bishop's Falls Gallants Massey Drive St. Albans
Black Duck Brook Gander Mattis Point St. Fintan's
Black Duck Siding Gander Bay South McIvers St. George's
Boswarlos Gander Bay North Meadows St. Teresa's
Botwood Gilliams Millertown Steady Brook
Brown's Arm Glenwood Mount Moriah Stephenville
Buchans Grand-Falls/Windsor Norris Arm Stephenville Crossing
Burgeo Hughes Brook Northern Arm Red Island
Campbells Creek Humber Arm South Pasadena Three Rock Cove
Campbellton Irishtown/Summerside Peterview West Bay
Cape St. George Kippens Piccadilly York Harbour
Comfort Cove Lark Harbour Point Leamington Swift Current
Corner Brook Leading Tickles Port au Port East  

Contact us

The Government of Canada's Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation toll-free telephone line:
1-800-561-2266
TTY: 1-800-465-7735
Consult: Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation Website

Related links

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