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Indian Residential Schools Truth and Reconciliation Commission ($12M) provides an opportunity for those directly or indirectly affected by the legacy of residential school to share their experiences and inform Canadians.
Canadian Northern Economic Development Agency ($44M) helps provide the foundation for a prosperous economic future for those who live, work and support their families in the North. Its primary focus is the provision of integrated business services north of 60.
Indian and Northern Affairs Canada ($7,368M) supports Aboriginal people (First Nations, Inuit and Métis) and Northerners in their efforts to improve social well-being and economic prosperity; develop healthier, more sustainable communities; and participate more fully in Canada's political, social and economic development to the benefit of all Canadians.
Canadian Polar Commission ($1M) has a broad mandate related to promotion, development and dissemination of knowledge on the Polar Regions.
Registry of the Specific Claims Tribunal ($3M) facilitates timely access to the Specific Claims Tribunal; ensures the smooth and efficient functioning of hearings; and safeguards the independence of the Specific Claims Tribunal by placing them at arm's length from the Government of Canada.
First Nations Statistical Institute ($5M) provides First Nations and other stakeholders with timely, accurate, and relevant statistical information that supports program and policy development decisions and fiscal transfers relating to First Nations.
According to the 2006 Census of Population, 75% of First Nations reserves have less than 500 inhabitants; the majority are located in British Columbia.
First Nations communities include legally defined Indian reserves, Indian settlements, other land types created by the ratification of self-government agreements, and northern communities affiliated with First Nations.
Note: N=865 out of a possible 1,176 First Nation communities delineated by Statistics Canada in 2006. Not included are unpopulated reserves and 22 incompletely enumerated reserves that did not participate in the Census.
Source: INAC derived from 2006 Geosuite, Statistics Canada.
As of 2009, 66% of Registered Indians on reserve lived in rural, special access, or remote zones; nearly 34% lived in urban zones.
Notes: Departmental Definitions
Urban: The First Nation is located within 50 km of the nearest service centre with a year-round road access. Rural: The First Nation is located between 50 and 350 km from the nearest service centre with a year-round road access. Remote: The First Nation is located over 350 km from the nearest service centre with year-round road access. Special Access: The First Nation has no year-round road access to a service centre and, as a result, experiences a higher cost of transportation.
Source: Indian Register Population by Geographic Zone, 2010
* The major item in the $519M is $391M for obligations stemming from the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement
(comprised of $360M for the Independent Assessment Process and $31M in other support). Furthermore, of the $519M, over
$300M is for direct payments to recipients including obligations stemming from the Indian Residential Schools Settlement
Agreement, claims related obligations, Department of Justice costs, out-of-court settlements, etc.
Source: 2011-12 Main Estimates
Figures may not add due to rounding
Note 1: Comprised of $294 million for Administrative Overhead and $90 million for Litigation Support.
Source: 2010-11 Main Estimates; additional details at sub-activity level extracted from departmental budget allocations. Figures may not add due to rounding.
It is estimated that Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, Health Canada and numerous other federal departments and agencies now spend more than $11 billion each year to fund programs directed to Aboriginal people.
The department's forecasted expenditures for 2011-12 are over $7 billion.
The department's approved annual growth rate for Indian and Inuit programming services remains at two percent.
The overall annual growth rate, however, is larger due to significant investments made in priority areas through successive budgets since 2006 (e.g. education, women, children and families, water, housing and economic development).
As part of effectively managing its budget, the department actively monitors resource pressures to ensure resources are aligned with priorities, including ensuring that demographic growth pressures and provincially set price increases in education and social development are met.
To address the pressures that arise from the two percent cap, the department will, when necessary, re-allocate funds from certain program areas to address pressures in other program areas particularly education and social development.