ARCHIVED - 2011-2012 Financial Overview - March 2011

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Minister's Portfolio ($7.4 billion)

Indian Residential Schools Truth and Reconciliation Commission ($12M) provides an opportunity for those directly or indirectly affected by the legacy of residential school to share their experiences and inform Canadians.

Canadian Northern Economic Development Agency ($44M) helps provide the foundation for a prosperous economic future for those who live, work and support their families in the North. Its primary focus is the provision of integrated business services north of 60.

Indian and Northern Affairs Canada ($7,368M) supports Aboriginal people (First Nations, Inuit and Métis) and Northerners in their efforts to improve social well-being and economic prosperity; develop healthier, more sustainable communities; and participate more fully in Canada's political, social and economic development to the benefit of all Canadians.

Canadian Polar Commission ($1M) has a broad mandate related to promotion, development and dissemination of knowledge on the Polar Regions.

Registry of the Specific Claims Tribunal ($3M) facilitates timely access to the Specific Claims Tribunal; ensures the smooth and efficient functioning of hearings; and safeguards the independence of the Specific Claims Tribunal by placing them at arm's length from the Government of Canada.

First Nations Statistical Institute ($5M) provides First Nations and other stakeholders with timely, accurate, and relevant statistical information that supports program and policy development decisions and fiscal transfers relating to First Nations.

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INAC Program Delivery Context

Highly decentralized with 10 regions

South of 60°

North of 60°

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Demographic Realities


Distribution of the Aboriginal Population by Registration Status and Identity, Canada, 2006
Distribution of the Aboriginal Population by Registration Status and Identity, Canada, 2006
Text description of figure 1 - Distribution of the Aboriginal Population by Registration Status and Identity, Canada, 2006

This is an image of a pie chart showing the distribution of the Aboriginal population by registration status and identity as of 2006. The chart indicates that there were: 53.2% were identified as registered Indians; 30.3% as Métis; 11.4% non-status Indians; 4.2% Inuit and: 0.9% as other ("other" refers to individuals who reported more that one Aboriginal group, and those who reported being a Band member with no Aboriginal identity and no registered Indian status. The sources for the data in the chart are the 2006 Census of Population with tabulations done by Indian and Northern Affairs Canada.

* Other refers to individuals who reported more than one Aboriginal group, and those who reported being a Band member with no Aboriginal identity and no Registered Indian status.

Source: 2006 Census of Population, INAC tabulations.

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Geographic Realities - Small Communities


Title of the figure goes here
First Nation Reserves by Population Size, 2006
Text description of figure 2 - First Nation Reserves by Population Size, 2006

This image is of a bar chart showing the distribution of the 865 First Nation reserves by population size based on statistics Canada 2006 information. The chart indicates that 319 reserves have a population of 100 or less; 173 have populations of between 100 and 249; 150 between 250 and 499; 135 between 500 and 999; 67 between 1000 and 1999 and; 21 with populations of more than 2000.

Note: N=865 out of a possible 1,176 First Nation communities delineated by Statistics Canada in 2006. Not included are unpopulated reserves and 22 incompletely enumerated reserves that did not participate in the Census.

Source: INAC derived from 2006 Geosuite, Statistics Canada.

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Geographic Realities - Dispersed Communities


On - Reserve Population by Geographic Zones, 2009
On - Reserve Population by Geographic Zones, 2009
Text description of figure 3 - On - Reserve Population by Geographic Zones, 2009

This image is of a pie chart showing the population distribution by percentage of the on-reserve population by geographic zone. The population distribution is as follows: Rural, 44.6%; Urban, 34.4%; Special Access, 17.3% and; Remote, 3.7%. The definitions for these categories are: Urban: the First Nation is located within 50 km of the nearest service centre with a year-round road access. Rural: the First Nation is located between 50 and 350 km from the nearest service centre with a year-round road access. Remote: the First Nation is located over 350 km from the nearest service centre with year-round road access. Special Access: The First Nation has no year-round road access to a service centre and, as a result, experiences a higher cost of transportation. Source: Indian Register Population by Geographic Zone, 2010.

Notes: Departmental Definitions

Urban: The First Nation is located within 50 km of the nearest service centre with a year-round road access.
Rural: The First Nation is located between 50 and 350 km from the nearest service centre with a year-round road access.
Remote: The First Nation is located over 350 km from the nearest service centre with year-round road access.
Special Access: The First Nation has no year-round road access to a service centre and, as a result, experiences a higher cost of transportation.

Source: Indian Register Population by Geographic Zone, 2010

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Socio-Economic Realities


Community Well-Being Index (CWB) Average
Community Well-Being Index (CWB) Average
Text description of figure 4 - Community Well-Being Index (CWB) Average

This image is of a line graph showing the average Community Well-Being scores of First Nations, Inuit and other Canadian communities for the years 1981, 1991, 1996, 2001 and 2006. The Community Well-Being Index is a method of assessing general well-being of Canadians at the community level in terms of education, labour force activity, income and housing. The scores are plotted on an XY axis chart where the "X" axis are the years 1981 to 2006 and the "Y" is the Community Well-Being Index scores from 30 to 100. The chart shows that the scores for First Nations communities were: 47 (1981); 51 (1991); 55 (1996); 57 (2001); 57 (2006).

The scores for Inuit communities were: 48 (1981); 57 (1991); 60 (1996); 61 (2001); 62 (2006). The scores for other Canadian communities were: 67 (1981); 71 (1991); 72 (1996); 73 (2001); 77 (2006). The source for the data used in the line is Statistics Canada's Census of Population for 1981, 1991, 1996, 2001, 2006.

Source: Statistics Canada,
1981, 1991, 1996, 2001 and 2006 Census of Population.

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Departmental Finances - 2011-12 Main Estimates – Total $7,368 million

 
Departmental Finances - 2011-12 Main Estimates – Total $7,368 million
Text description of figure 5 - Departmental Finances - 2011-12 Main Estimates – Total $7,368 million

This image is of a pie chart showing the breakdown of departmental expenditures for 2011-12. The breakdown is shown as follows: $6,160 million (83.6%) transfer payments; $78 million (1.1%) loans; $12 million (0.2%) capital; $519 million (7.0%) statutory/fiduciary obligations; $242 million (3.3%) program delivery; $64 million (0.9%) negotiation costs; $294 million (4.0%) administrative overhead. The major item in the $519M is $391M for obligations stemming from the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement (comprised of $360M for the Independent Assessment Process and $31M in other support). Furthermore, of the $519M, over $300M is for direct payments to recipients including obligations stemming from the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement, claims related obligations, Department of Justice costs, out-of-court settlements, etc.

The source for the information for the chart is the 2011-12 Main Estimates. Figures may not add due to rounding.

* The major item in the $519M is $391M for obligations stemming from the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement (comprised of $360M for the Independent Assessment Process and $31M in other support). Furthermore, of the $519M, over $300M is for direct payments to recipients including obligations stemming from the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement, claims related obligations, Department of Justice costs, out-of-court settlements, etc.

Source: 2011-12 Main Estimates
Figures may not add due to rounding

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2011-12 Main Estimates by Sub-Activity – Total $7,368 million

The Government Total
Governance and Institutions of Government  
Sub-Activities  
406.6
28.3
Total $ 434.9
Co-operative Relationships  
Sub-Activities  
191.8
282.3
2.9
1.9
Total $ 478.9
Treaty Management  
Sub-Activities  
412.2
276.2
0.9
Total $ 689.3
Total $ 1,603.1

 

The People Total
Education  
Sub-Activities  
1,297.0
24.1
325.9
10.3
Total $ 1 ,657.2
Social Development  
Sub-Activities  
817.1
1.3
83.8
632.8
29.4
Total $ 1 ,564.4
Managing Individual Affairs  
Sub-Activities  
17.8
1.3
1.6
1.4
Total $ 22.1
Residential Schools Resolution  
Sub-Activities  
18.2
360.2
10.2
2.6
Total $ 391.1
Total $ 3,634.8

 

The Land and Economy Total
Aboriginal Economic Development  
Sub-Activities  
55.5
177.4
17.1
Total $ 250.0
Federal Administration of Reserve Land  
Sub-Activities  
15.2
22.6
Total $ 37.8
Community Infrastructure  
Sub-Activities  
336.2
276.6
145.8
453.5
0.1
Total $ 1,212.2
Total $ 1,500.0

 

The North Total
Northern Governance and People  
Sub-Activities  
63.5
57.2
Total $ 120.7
Northern Science and Technology  
Sub-Activities  
5.2
5.4
Total $ 10.7
Northern Land, Resources and Environmental Management  
Sub-Activities  
2.5
14.5
21.9
24.2
10.5
Total $ 73.6
Total $ 204.9

 

Office of the Federal Interlocutor Total
Urban Aboriginal Strategy $ 13.5
Métis and Non-status Indian Organizational Capacity Development $ 16.1
Métis Rights Management $ 11.9
Total $ 41.5

 

Internal Services Total
Governance & Management Support $ 261.7
Resource Management Services $ 117.7
Asset management Services $ 4.6
Total $ 384.0

Note 1: Comprised of $294 million for Administrative Overhead and $90 million for Litigation Support.
Source: 2010-11 Main Estimates; additional details at sub-activity level extracted from departmental budget allocations. Figures may not add due to rounding.

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Growth Rate for Indian and Inuit Programming

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Expenditure Trend - Cumulative % Change 1996-97 to 2011-12*

 
Expenditure Trend - Cumulative % Change 1996-97 to 2011-12
Text description of figure 6 - Expenditure Trend - Cumulative % Change 1996-97 to 2011-12

This image is of a line graph of the cumulative percentage change in departmental expenditures annually from fiscal years 1996-97 to 2011-12. The graphs plots the percentage changes for: total expenditures (current dollars); expenditures adjusted for residential schools, claims, northern, the Office of the Federal Interlocutor for Métis and Status Indians, and one-time/time-limited initiatives; and Indian and Inuit programming (constant dollars derived using the Final Domestic Demand Implicit Price Index). The percentages are based on actual budgetary expenditures (1996-97 to 2009-10), current forecast (2010-11) and Main Estimates (2011-12), as follows:

Total current dollars: (0%) 1996-97; (7%) 1997-98; (15%) 1998-99; (10%) 1999-2000; (20%) 2000-2001; (20%) 2001-02; (26%) 2002-03; (28%) 2003-04; (31%) 2004-05; (37%) 2005-06; (42%) 2006-07; (70%) 2007-08; (62%) 2008-09; (73%) 2009-10; (86%) 2010-11; (71%) 2011-12. It should be noted that the current dollar line reflects a number of sharp increases due to the following: 1998-99 includes a $350 million grant to the Aboriginal Healing Foundation; 2007-08 includes a $1.1 billion payment to the Cree of Quebec; and 2010-11 includes increases totalling about $0.9 billion, primarily for the settlement of specific claims, investments in Canada's Economic Action Plan and awards to claimants related to the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement.

Actual adjusted for Northern Affairs/Claims/Residential Schools/One-time/Time limited: (0%) 1996-97; (2%) 1997-98; (5%) 1998-99; (10%) 1999-2000; (16%) 2000-2001; (18%) 2001-02; (20%) 2002-03; (24%) 2003-04; (28%) 2004-05; (34%) 2005-06; (39%) 2006-07; (43%) 2007-08; (49%) 2008-09; (63%) 2009-10; (67%) 2010-11; (62%) 2011-12.

Indian and Inuit Programming (constant dollars): (0%) 1996-97; (1%) 1997-98; (2%) 1998-99; (6%) 1999-2000; (9%) 2000-2001; (8%) 2001-02; (8%) 2002-03; (10%) 2003-04; (12%) 2004-05; (15%) 2005-06; (16%) 2006-07; (17%) 2007-08; (19%) 2008-09; (28%) 2009-10; (30%) 2010-11; (24%) 2011-12.

* 1996-97 to 2009-10 based on actual budgetary expenditures; 2010-11 based on current forecast; 2011-12 based on Main Estimates
** Adjusted using Final Domestic Demand Implicit Price Index

Overall departmental expenditures have grown by about 71%, in current dollars since 1996-97.

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Annual Estimates Cycle

 
Annual Estimates Cycle
Text description of figure 7 - Annual Estimates Cycle

This is an image of a bar graph showing the dollar amounts in the annual estimates cycle for the department including the dollar amounts for the Main Estimates, Report on Plans and Priorities, Main and Supplementary Estimates and the actual expenditures for the fiscal years of 2007-08, 2008-09, 2009-10, 2010-11, 2011-12. The dollar amounts for the actual expenses for fiscal years 2010-11 and 2011-12 are not included. The dollar amounts for the Report on Plans and Priorities and the Main and Supplementary Estimates are not included for 2011-12.

For 2007-2008 the figures are: $6.3 billion, Main Estimates: $6.8 billion, Report on Plans and Priorities; $7.4 billion, Main and Supplementary Estimates; $7.3 actual expenses.

For 2008-2009 the figures are: $6.3 billion, Main Estimates: $6.9 billion, Report on Plans and Priorities; $7.3 billion, Main and Supplementary Estimates; $7.0 actual expenses.

For 2009-2010 the figures are: $6.9 billion, Main Estimates: $7.3 billion, Report on Plans and Priorities; $7.8 billion, Main and Supplementary Estimates; $7.4 billion actual expenses.

For 2010-2011 the figures are: $7.3 billion, Main Estimates: $7.3 billion, Report on Plans and Priorities; $8.3 billion, Main and Supplementary Estimates.

For 2011-2012 the figure is: $7.4 billion, Main Estimates.

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Major Cost Drivers

Existing Federal Obligations

Demographic and Inflationary Pressures

Policy Commitments

Claims, Treaties and Rights

Devolution Issues

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Financial and Performance Management

The department has undertaken a number of initiatives to support stronger financial and performance management including:

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In Summary

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