Infrastructure Investments in First Nations Water and Wastewater Systems

The Government of Canada works with First Nations toward the achievement of long-term sustainability for First Nation water and wastewater systems. Investments in on-reserve water and wastewater infrastructure help support this joint objective.

Investments in Infrastructure

Between 2006 and 2014, the Government of Canada has invested approximately $3 billion to support First Nation communities in managing their water and wastewater infrastructure, and in related public-health activities. Also, on February 17, 2014 Economic Action Plan 2014 committed to the continued implementation of the First Nations Water and Wastewater Action Plan with an additional $323.4 million over two years to improve water and wastewater infrastructure in First Nation communities.

In addition to AANDC funding, First Nations invest in water and wastewater systems and activities through own source revenues and various other government sources at the local, provincial and federal level.

These expenditures are part of a comprehensive plan to improve drinking water and wastewater systems on First Nation lands founded on four pillars: enhanced capacity building and operator training; enforceable standards and protocols; infrastructure investments; and, protection of public health.

The federal investments are broken down as follows:

  • $1.4 billion – between 2006 and 2014 from existing AANDC and Health Canada departmental resources (A-base);
  • $270 million – between 2006 and 2008 through the First Nations Water Management Strategy;
  • $60 million – between 2006 and 2008 through the Plan of Action for Drinking Water in First Nation Communities;
  • $1 billion - between 2008 and 2014 through the First Nations Water and Wastewater Action Plan (FNWWAP); and,
  • $187.7 million - between 2009 and 2011 through Canada's Economic Action Plan (CEAP).