ARCHIVED - Indian and Northern Affairs Canada Financial Statements for the year ended March 31, 2010 (unaudited)

Archived information

This Web page has been archived on the Web. Archived information is provided for reference, research or record keeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please contact us to request a format other than those available.

PDF Version   (383 Kb, 43 Pages)

 


Table of Contents


Statement of Management Responsibility Including Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

Responsibility for the integrity and objectivity of the accompanying financial statements for the year ended March 31, 2010, and all information contained in these statements rests with the management of Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC). These financial statements have been prepared by management in accordance with Treasury Board accounting policies which are consistent with Canadian generally accepted accounting principles for the public sector.

Management is responsible for the integrity and objectivity of the information in these financial statements. Some of the information in the financial statements is based on management's best estimates and judgment, and gives due consideration to materiality. To fulfill its accounting and reporting responsibilities, management maintains a set of accounts that provides a centralized record of INAC's financial transactions. Financial information submitted in the preparation of the Public Accounts of Canada, and included in INAC's Departmental Performance Report, is consistent with these financial statements.

Management is also responsible for maintaining an effective system of internal control over financial reporting designed to provide reasonable assurance that financial information is reliable, that assets are safeguarded and that transactions are properly authorized and recorded in accordance with the Financial Administration Act and other applicable legislation, regulations, authorities and policies.

Management seeks to ensure the objectivity and integrity of data in its financial statements through careful selection, training and development of qualified staff; through organizational arrangements that provide appropriate divisions of responsibility; through communication programs aimed at ensuring that regulations, policies, standards and managerial authorities are understood throughout the Department; and through conducting an annual assessment of the effectiveness of the system of internal control over financial reporting.

An assessment for the year ended March 31, 2010 was completed in accordance with the Policy on Internal Control and the results and action plans are summarized in the annex.

The system of internal control over financial reporting is designed to mitigate risks to a reasonable level based on an on-going process to identify key risks, to assess effectiveness of associated key controls, and to make any necessary adjustments.

The effectiveness and adequacy of the Department's system of internal control is reviewed by the work of internal audit staff, who conduct periodic audits of different areas of the Department's operations, and by the Departmental Audit Committee, which oversees management's responsibilities for maintaining adequate control systems and the quality of financial reporting, and which recommends the financial statements to the Deputy Minister.

The financial statements of INAC have not been audited.

Original signed by Michael Wernick

___________________________
Michael Wernick
Deputy Minister
Original signed by Susan MacGowan

___________________________
Susan MacGowan, CMA
Chief Financial Officer

Gatineau, Canada
August 26, 2010

Return to Table of Contents

Statement of Operations (Unaudited)

For the year ended March 31

(in thousands of dollars)

 20102009
Expenses (Note 4)    
People 3,349,322 3,221,762
Government 3,227,451 1,695,220
Economy 1,465,953 1,284,103
North 567,433 388,055
Internal Services 325,817 620,122
Land 286,659 130,725
Office of the Federal Interlocutor 41,325 40,669
Total Expenses 9,263,960 7,380,656

Revenues (Note 5)  
Government 6,873 9,000
Economy 1,786 2,026
North 195,586 272,585
Internal Services 321 1,370
Land 8 -
Total Revenues 204,575 284,981

Net Cost of Operations9,059,3857,095,675

The accompanying notes form an integral part of these financial statements.

Return to Table of Contents

Statement of Financial Position (Unaudited)

As at March 31

(in thousands of dollars)

 20102009
Assets    
Financial assets    
Accounts receivable and advances (Note 6) 127,808 62,138
Interest receivable (Note 7) 3,483 6,939
Loans receivable (Note 8) 746,730 789,487
Total financial assets 878,021 858,564
Non-financial assets    
Prepaid expenses 2,154 2,172
Land held for future claims settlements (Note 9) 26,157 25,826
Tangible capital assets (Note 10) 49,617 44,870
Total non-financial assets 77,928 72,868
TOTAL 955,949 931,432

Liabilities and Equity  
Liabilities
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities 1,131,568 987,948
Vacation pay and compensatory leave 18,166 17,254
Other liabilities (Note 11) 59,584 53,949
Trust accounts (Note 12) 1,080,862 1,126,747
Settled claims (Note 13) 538,411 607,931
Allowance for claims and litigation (Note 14) 12,050,572 10,335,936
Environmental liabilities (Note 14) 1,901,998 1,571,348
Allowance for loan guarantees (Note 14) 1,660 1,800
Employee severance benefits (Note 15) 74,320 78,549
Total liabilities 16,857,141 14,781,462
Equity of Canada (15,901,192) (13,850,030)
TOTAL 955,949 931,432

Contingent liabilities (Note 14)
Contractual obligations (Note 16)
The accompanying notes form an integral part of these financial statements.

Return to Table of Contents

Statement of Equity of Canada (Unaudited)

As at March 31
(in thousands of dollars)

 20102009
Equity of Canada, beginning of year (13,850,030) (12,267,393)
Net cost of operations (9,059,385) (7,095,675)
Current year appropriations used (Note 3) 7,380,724 6,938,947
Revenue not available for spending (204,575) (284,981)
Refunds of prior year's expenses (129,130) (55,446)
Change in net position in the Consolidated Revenue Fund (Note 3c) (138,299) (178,306)
Services provided without charge from other government departments (Note 17) 99,503 85,698
Transfer of Indian Residential Schools Resolution Canada - (992,874)
Equity of Canada, end of year (15,901,192) (13,850,030)

The accompanying notes form an integral part of these financial statements.

Return to Table of Contents

Statement of Cash Flow (Unaudited)

For the year ended March 31
(in thousands of dollars)

 20102009
Operating activities    
Net cost of operations 9,059,385 7,095,675
Non-cash items:    
Services provided without charge from other departments (99,503) (85,698)
Amortization of tangible capital assets (10,440) (8,380)
Gain (loss) on disposal of tangible capital assets 10 2
Adjustments to tangible capital assets - 1,454
Variations in Statement of Financial Position    
Increase (decrease) in accounts receivable and advances 65,670 (2,790)
Decrease in interest receivable (3,456) (10,819)
Decrease (increase) in loans receivable (42,757) 26,678
Decrease in prepaid expenses (18) -
Increase in land held for future claims settlements 331 813
Increase in liabilities (2,075,679) (1,604,449)
Cash used by operating activities 6,893,543 5,412,486

Capital investment activities  
Acquisitions of tangible capital assets 15,228 14,925
Proceeds from disposal of tangible capital assets (51) (71)
Cash used by capital investment activities 15,177 14,854

Financing activities  
Cash used by financing activities - -
     
Net cash provided by Government of Canada 6,908,720 5,427,340

The accompanying notes form an integral part of these financial statements.

Return to Table of Contents

Notes to the Financial Statements (Unaudited)

1. Authority and Objectives

Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC) was established by the Government Organization Act, 1966 and has been continued in its current form by the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development Act (R.S., 1985, c. I-6). Effective June 1, 2008, pursuant to Order-in-Council P.C. 2008-805, Indian Residential Schools Resolution Canada (IRSRC) was amalgamated and combined with INAC under the Minister of INAC. INAC is named as a department in Schedule I of the Financial Administration Act.

INAC's vision is a future in which First Nations, Inuit, Métis and northern communities are healthy, safe, self-sufficient and prosperous - a Canada where people make their own decisions, manage their own affairs and make strong contributions to the country as a whole.

INAC is one of the federal government departments responsible for meeting the Government of Canada's obligations and commitments to First Nations, Inuit and Métis, and for fulfilling the federal government's constitutional responsibilities in the North. The broad mandate of the Department is derived largely from the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development Act, 1970, the Indian Act and its amendments, as well as numerous other statutes, negotiated agreements and relevant legal decisions.

Consistent with its vision and to achieve its mandate, INAC has structured its operations along seven strategic outcomes as follows:

a) People - Activities within this strategic outcome support the Department's mandate with respect to provincial-type services on reserves south of the 60th parallel, as well as fulfilling other departmental statutory and treaty obligations to individuals. Taken together, these activities create a range of essential services throughout an individual's life such as:

b) Government - Under this strategic outcome, activities support capacity building for governance and institutions, cooperative relationships, and claims settlements as the foundation for self-reliant First Nations, Inuit and Northerners. These activities promote:

c) Economy - This strategic outcome concentrates on establishing a supportive investment/business climate to enable First Nations, Inuit and Métis people, their communities and their businesses to seize economic opportunities. It also focuses on building the economic and community foundations necessary to increase Aboriginal participation in the economy. These activities promote:

d) North - This strategic outcome concentrates on supporting the people and communities of the North in being self-reliant, healthy, skilled and prosperous. Through this strategic outcome INAC also fulfills the federal government's constitutionally mandated responsibilities in Canada's three northern territories. These activities are required to:

e) Land - Activities within this strategic outcome promote efficient land management practices that address the Crown's obligation to protect, conserve, and manage lands, resources and the environment in a manner consistent with the principles of sustainable development and First Nations' aspirations for greater control and decision making over their lands, resources, and environment. These activities are required to:

f) Office of the Federal Interlocutor - Under this strategic outcome, activities are designed to improve socio-economic conditions for Métis, Non-Status Indians and urban Aboriginal people through strengthened relationships with Métis and Non-Status Indian groups and organizations, urban Aboriginal Canadians, and provincial governments and municipalities. These activities support:

g) Internal Services - Under this strategic outcome, activities are designed to ensure an effective, responsibly operated department which is positioned to achieve its strategic outcomes. Internal Services include only those activities and resources that apply to an entire organization and not to activities and resources that are provided to a select number of programs. These activities include:





2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with Treasury Board accounting policies which are consistent with Canadian generally accepted accounting principles for the public sector.

Significant accounting policies are as follows:

a) Parliamentary appropriations - INAC is primarily financed by the Government of Canada through Parliamentary appropriations. Appropriations provided to INAC do not parallel financial reporting according to generally accepted accounting principles since appropriations are primarily based on cash flow requirements. Consequently, items recognized in the statement of operations and the statement of financial position are not necessarily the same as those provided through appropriations from Parliament. Note 3 provides a high-level reconciliation between the bases of reporting.

b) Net cash provided by Government - INAC operates within the Consolidated Revenue Fund (CRF), which is administered by the Receiver General for Canada. All cash received by INAC is deposited to the CRF and all cash disbursements are paid from the CRF. Net cash provided by Government is the difference between all cash receipts and all cash disbursements including transactions between departments of the federal government.

c) Change in net position in the Consolidated Revenue Fund - The difference between the net cash provided by Government and appropriations used in a year, excluding the amount of non-respendable revenue recorded by the Department. It results from timing differences between when a transaction affects appropriations and when it is processed through the CRF.

d) Revenues - Revenues from regulatory fees are recognized in the accounts based on the services provided in the year. Other revenues are accounted for in the period in which the underlying transaction or event occurred that gave rise to the revenues.

e) Expenses - Expenses are recorded on the accrual basis:

f) Employee future benefits

g) Accounts and loans receivable

h) Provision for losses on accounts and loans receivable

i) Contingent liabilities - A contingent liability is a potential liability which may become an actual liability when one or more future events occur or fail to occur. To the extent that the future event is likely to occur or fail to occur, and a reasonable estimate of the loss can be made, an estimated liability is accrued and an expense recorded. If the likelihood is not determinable or an amount cannot be reasonably estimated, the contingency is disclosed in the notes to the financial statements.

j) Environmental liabilities - Environmental liabilities reflect the estimated costs related to the management and remediation of environmentally contaminated sites. Based on management's best estimates, a liability is accrued and an expense recorded when the contamination occurs or when the Department becomes aware of the contamination and is obligated, or is likely to be obligated, to incur such costs. If the likelihood of the Department's obligation to incur these costs is not determinable, or if an amount cannot be reasonably estimated, the costs are disclosed as contingent liabilities in the notes to the financial statements.

k) Tangible capital assets

Asset ClassAmortization period
Buildings -  
Residential mobile 10 years
Administrative, institutional, recreational and residential 40 years
Works and Infrastructure 30 years
Machinery and equipment -  
Communication equipment 5 years
Lab, scientific and testing equipment 10 years
Construction, excavating and clearing equipment 15 years
Generating equipment 20 years
Informatics hardware and software 3 years
Ships and boats 10 years
Motor vehicles -  
Passenger vehicles and light trucks
less than 1 ton
5 years
Heavy trucks greater than 1 ton 10 years
Other vehicles 5 years
Leasehold improvements Lesser of useful life or term of lease
Assets under construction Once in service, in accordance with asset type

l) Measurement uncertainty - The preparation of financial statements in accordance with Treasury Board accounting policies which are consistent with Canadian generally accepted accounting principles for the public sector requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses reported in the financial statements. At the time of preparation of these statements, management believes the estimates and assumptions to be reasonable. The most significant items where estimates are used are the allowance for claims and litigation, environmental liabilities, contingent liabilities, the liability for employee severance benefits, and the useful life of tangible capital assets. Actual results could differ significantly from those estimated. Management's estimates are reviewed periodically and, as adjustments become necessary, they are recorded in the financial statements in the year they become known.





3. Parliamentary Appropriations

INAC receives most of its funding through annual Parliamentary appropriations. Items recognized in the statement of operations and the statement of financial position in one year may be funded through Parliamentary appropriations in prior, current or future years.

Accordingly, INAC has different net results of operations for the year on a government funding basis than on an accrual accounting basis. The differences are reconciled in the following tables:

a) Reconciliation of net cost of operations to current year appropriations used

(in thousands of dollars)

 20102009
Net cost of operations 9,059,385 7,095,675
Adjustments for items affecting net cost of operations but not affecting appropriations:  
Add (Less):    
Expenses for claims and litigation (1,714,636) (261,225)
Environmental liabilities (330,650) (74,211)
Revenue not available for spending 204,575 284,981
Refunds of prior years expenses 129,130 43,211
Services provided without charge (99,503) (85,698)
Settled claims 69,520 (61,397)
Amortization of tangible capital assets (10,440) (8,380)
Employee severance benefits 4,229 (20,047)
Vacation pay and compensatory leave (912) (1,835)
Gain (loss) on disposal of tangible capital assets 10 2
Other 54,475 12,131
  7,365,183 6,923,207
Adjustments for items not affecting net cost of operations but affecting appropriations:  
Add (Less):    
Acquisition of tangible capital assets 15,228 14,925
Prepaid expenses (18) -
Land held for future claims settlements 331 815
Current year appropriations used 7,380,724 6,938,947

b) Appropriations provided and used

Appropriations Provided

 20102009
(in thousands of dollars)
Vote 1 - Operating Expenditures 1,248,161 1,189,276
Vote 5 - Capital Expenditures 1,159 17,754
Vote 10 - Grants and Contributions 6,133,098 5,733,595
Vote 15 - Payment to Canada Post Corporation 66,200 56,100
Vote 20 - Office of the Federal Interlocutor - Operating 9,386 9,672
Vote 25 - Office of the Federal Interlocutor - Contributions 32,387 30,344
Statutory Amounts 286,555 194,216
  7,776,946 7,230,957
Less:    
Appropriations available for future years (31,921) (31,823)
Lapsed appropriations (364,301) (260,187)
  (396,222) (292,010)
Current year appropriations used 7,380,724 6,938,947

c) Reconciliation of net cash provided by Government to current year appropriations used

 20102009
(in thousands of dollars)
Net cash provided by Government 6,908,720 5,427,340
     
Revenue not available for spending 204,575 284,981
Refund of previous year's expenses 129,130 55,446
Sub-total 333,705 340,427
  7,242,425 5,767,767

Change in net position in the Consolidated Revenue Fund:  
Variation in accounts receivable and advances (65,670) 2,790
Variation in interest receivable 3,456 10,819
Variation in loans 42,757 (26,678)
Variation in accounts payable and accrued liabilities 143,620 132,340
Variation in trust accounts (45,885) 93,193
Other adjustments 60,021 (34,158)
  138,299 178,306

Transfer of Indian Residential Schools Resolution Canada

- 992,874
Current year appropriations used 7,380,724 6,938,947





4. Expenses

The following table presents details of expenses by category:

 20102009
(in thousands of dollars)
Transfer payments – First Nations 5,042,928 4,929,682
Transfer payments – Provincial/Territorial governments and institutions 736,422 706,691
Transfer payments - Non-profit organizations 34,629 41,795
Transfer payments - Industry 17,296 34,922
Transfer payments - Other 5,614 5,727
Total transfer payments 5,836,889 5,718,817
     
Claims and litigation 1,630,926 261,226
Salaries and employee benefits 505,851 488,900
Professional and special services 367,479 335,049
Court awards and other settlements 364,293 316,507
Environmental liabilities 330,650 74,211
Northern parcel service 58,314 56,100
Travel and relocation 41,742 42,304
Accommodations 34,711 33,795
Machinery and equipment 17,986 15,603
Communications services 12,554 12,590
Rentals of buildings and machinery 11,598 11,443
Utilities, materials and supplies 8,467 8,327
Other expenses 42,500 5,784
Total operating expenses 3,427,071 1,661,839
Total 9,263,960 7,380,656





5. Revenues

The following table presents details of revenues by category:

 20102009
(in thousands of dollars)
Resource royalties 112,612 140,166
Norman Wells project profits 74,244 125,435
Interest on loans 9,366 11,005
Miscellaneous 4,477 4,208
Leases and rentals 3,876 4,167
Total 204,575 284,981

Resource Royalties
The most significant sources of resource royalty revenues are those earned pursuant to the Northwest Territories and Nunavut Mining Regulations (formerly the Canada Mining Regulations) and the Frontier Lands Petroleum Royalty Regulations.

The Northwest Territories and Nunavut Mining Regulations (the Mining Regulations) prescribe a profit-sharing formula upon which royalty revenues are based. INAC receives a percentage of the profits companies earn from the sale of minerals extracted from land leased by these companies pursuant to the Mining Regulations. The Mining Regulations prescribe that royalties are generally payable four months after the fiscal year-end of the company.

The Frontier Lands Petroleum Royalty Regulations (the Royalty Regulations) also prescribe a profit-sharing formula upon which royalty revenues are based. INAC receives a percentage of the profits companies earn from the sale of oil and gas extracted from the land, which the company has the right to use pursuant to a production licence issued under the authority of the Canada Petroleum Resources Act. The Royalty Regulations prescribe that royalties are generally payable on the last day of the month following the month of production.

Norman Wells project profits
This project is a source of revenues earned pursuant to a contract between INAC and Imperial Oil. This contract prescribes a profit-sharing formula and sets out a payment schedule, whereby payments are made annually to INAC no later than March 20.

Leases and rentals
The major source of lease and rental revenues is lease fees prescribed in the Mining Regulations. After a waiting period of 10 years, companies may lease land in the North for purposes of exploration and extraction of minerals. Leases are for a period of 21 years and are renewable. Lease fees are set out in the Mining Regulations and are payable annually on the anniversary date of the signing of the lease.





6. Accounts Receivable and Advances

The following table presents details of accounts receivable and advances:

 20102009
(in thousands of dollars)
Receivables from other Federal Government departments and agencies 24,675 29,856
Receivables from external parties 117,202 51,962
Employee advances 285 186
  142,162 82,004
Less: allowance for doubtful accounts on external receivables (14,354) (19,866)
Total 127,808 62,138





7. Interest Receivable

The following table provides details of accrued interest receivable on loans:

 20102009
(in thousands of dollars)
Direct loans 3,472 6,949
Defaulted guaranteed loans 493 429
  3,965 7,378
Less: allowance for doubtful accounts (482) (439)
Total 3,483 6,939





8. Loans Receivable

The following table presents details of loans receivable:

 20102009
(in thousands of dollars)
Direct loans portfolio:    
Native claimants 454,332 436,205
First Nations in British Columbia 395,879 419,918
Other direct loans 514 519
  850,725 856,642
Add: capitalized interest 8,325 14,795
Less: allowance for doubtful accounts (118,394) (103,935)
Net recoverable value 740,656 767,502
     
Defaulted guaranteed loans portfolio:    
On-reserve housing guarantees 10,278 8,891
Aboriginal loan insurance 8,199 7,200
Indian economic development guarantees 3,165 3,176
Other defaulted guaranteed loans 124 124
  21,766 19,391
Add: capitalized interest 13,031 11,111
Less: allowance for doubtful accounts (28,723) (8,517)
Net recoverable value 6,074 21,985
Loans receivable, net recoverable value 746,730 789,487

Direct loans portfolio

The objective of direct loans is to support active participation by First Nations and First Nations organizations and to promote a balanced exchange of ideas in negotiating the settlement of comprehensive land claims, specific claims, and treaties.

INAC's direct loans portfolio has two active programs in support of this objective.

Native claimants

These are loans made to Native claimants to defray the costs related to the research, development and negotiation of comprehensive land claims and specific claims.

The significant terms and conditions of loans to Native claimants are as follows:

  1. loans made before an agreement-in-principle for the settlement of a claim is reached are non interest bearing;
  2. loans made after the date on which an agreement-in-principle for the settlement of a claim has been reached, bear interest at a rate equal to the rate established by the Minister of Finance in respect of borrowings for equivalent terms by Crown corporations;
  3. loans are due and payable, as to principal and interest, on the date on which the claim is settled, or on a date fixed in the loan agreement;
  4. loans may be restructured, including forgiveness of a portion of the principal or interest in arrears, when the borrower cannot meet the term of the original loan agreement; and
  5. INAC may seek security for loans when deemed appropriate.

When an agreement-in-principle is reached for the settlement of a claim, any accrued interest receivable is capitalized semi-annually as part of the principal amount owing on the loan. After a final agreement is reached any accrued interest receivable outstanding is capitalized annually as part of the principal amount owing on the loan.

The interest bearing and non-interest bearing portions of direct loans for Native claimants outstanding at March 31 are as follows:

(in thousands of dollars)20102009
Interest bearing 112,818 125,981
Non-interest bearing 341,514 310,224
Total 454,332 436,205

First Nations in British Columbia

These are loans made to First Nations in British Columbia to support their participation in the British Columbia Treaty Commission and to defray the costs related to the research, development and negotiation of treaties.

The significant terms and conditions of direct loans to First Nations in British Columbia are the same as those for loans to Native claimants, except as follows:

  1. loans made between April 1, 2004 and March 31, 2010, and after the date on which an agreement-in-principle for the settlement of a treaty has been reached, shall be interest free unless the loans become due and payable during this period.

The interest bearing and non interest bearing portions of direct loans for First Nations in British Columbia outstanding at March 31 are as follows:

(in thousands of dollars)20102009
Interest bearing 9,173 54,545
Non-interest bearing 386,706 365,373
Total 395,879 419,918

Other direct loans

INAC also has various legacy programs that are no longer active, thus no new loans will be granted under these programs. These legacy programs will continue to operate under their existing arrangements until the land claims are settled, at which point the loans will become repayable and the respective programs closed.

All loans outstanding at year-end under the various legacy programs both for the current and prior year are interest bearing.

Defaulted guaranteed loans portfolio

The objective of loan guarantees is to encourage lending institutions to make loans for properties located on First Nations lands and to support access to credit markets for First Nations and First Nations organizations. Since properties located on First Nations lands cannot be used as collateral to secure the loans and lending institutions are prevented from foreclosing on these properties in the event of borrower default, as prescribed by the Indian Act, lending institutions can be exposed to greater business risk in issuing loans for properties located on First Nations lands.

As guarantor, loan guarantees issued under the various programs may become receivables of the Department when, at the request of a lending institution, INAC is required to honour these loan guarantees. As a result, INAC makes payment to the lending institution and establishes a receivable from the First Nation or First Nation organization.

The various loan guarantee programs are described below:

On-reserve housing guarantee program

This program authorizes the Department to guarantee loans to individuals and Indian bands to assist in the purchase of housing on reserves because security restrictions in the Indian Act prevent the mortgage and seizure of property located on reserves. These loan guarantees enable status Indians residing on reserves, Band councils, or their delegated authorities, to secure housing loans without giving the lending institution rights to the property.

The significant terms and conditions of the On-reserve housing guarantee program are as follows:

Payments of principal and interest for loans issued under this program are amortized over a period of 25 years. The interest rates on the guaranteed loans are consistent with conventional mortgage interest rates offered by the major banks. On a semi-annual basis, any accrued interest receivable outstanding is capitalized as part of the principal amount owing on the loan.

To control the occurrence of defaulted loans in this program, the Department restricts the eligibility of recipients for further loans until such time as a recovery plan has been reached and has been in operation in accordance with its terms and conditions for a period of six months.

Aboriginal business loan insurance program

This program, originally established under the Department of Industry, provides loan insurance to financial institutions on behalf of loans issued to Aboriginal individuals, organizations, corporations or partnerships for the purpose of increasing commercial enterprise activity by Aboriginal Canadians.

Indian economic development guarantee program

This program authorizes the Department to guarantee loans for non-incorporated Indian businesses on a risk-sharing basis with commercial lenders because security restrictions in the Indian Act prevent the mortgage and seizure of property located on reserves. Guarantees are provided for various types of borrowers whose activities contribute to the economic development of Indians and enable them to develop long-term credit relationships with mainstream financial institutions.

The significant terms and conditions of the Indian economic development guarantee program are as follows:

Loans issued under this program cannot exceed a term of 15 years and the line of credit must be renewed every year. Interest rates on guaranteed loans are consistent with rates provided by lending institutions to commercial businesses, which are usually based on a spread from the prime lending rate. Accrued interest on loans issued under this program is never capitalized. Any security pledged for a guaranteed loan may not be released by the lending institution without the prior approval of the Minister of INAC.

Other defaulted guaranteed loans

INAC also has a legacy program that is no longer active. This legacy program will continue to operate under its existing arrangements until the defaulted guaranteed loans are paid and the program closed.





9. Land Held for Future Claims Settlements

Land held for future claims settlements is segregated from other tangible capital assets as these assets are not acquired with the intention of being used on a continuous basis in government operations. Rather, these assets are properties acquired and held by INAC for the purpose of future settlements of Aboriginal land claims. Following the ratification of a negotiated agreement of a claim, these assets are transferred to the Aboriginal group.

Changes in this account are summarized in the following table:

(in thousands of dollars)20102009
 Opening
balance
AcquisitionsTransfersClosing balanceClosing balance
Land held for future claims settlements 25,826 337 (6) 26,157 25,826





10. Tangible Capital Assets

(in thousands of dollars)

 CostAccumulated amortizationTotal
Capital
asset
class
Opening
balance
Acqui-
sitions
Disposals/
Adjustments
Closing
balance
Opening
balance
Amorti-
zation
Disposals/
Adjustments
Closing
balance
2010
net
book
value
2009
net
book
value
Land 606     606         606 606
Buildings 28,600 666   29,266 12,511 717   13,228 16,038 16,089
Works
and
infrastructure
1,444     1,444 1,270 45   1,315 129 174
Machinery
and
equipment
7,537 569 (43) 8,063 4,494 491 (25) 4,960 3,103 3,043
Informatics
hardware
35,833 2,737 (89) 38,481 30,769 2,427 (88) 33,108 5,373 5,064
Informatics
software
22,511 9,058 755 32,324 5,941 6,221   12,162 20,162 16,570
Ships
and
boats
130 34 (17) 147 77 8 (13) 72 75 53
Motor
vehicles
4,423 357 (272) 4,508 3,084 491 (254) 3,321 1,187 1,339
Other
vehicles
382 52   434 279 40   319 115 103
Leasehold
improvements
346 159   505         505 346
Assets
under
construction
1,483 1,596 (755) 2,324         2,324 1,483
Total 103,295 15,228 (421) 118,102 58,425 10,440 (380) 68,485 49,617 44,870

Amortization expense for the year ended March 31, 2010 is $10,440 ($8,380 in 2009).





11. Other Liabilities

 20102009
(in thousands of dollars)
Guarantee deposits 875,106 895,075
Securities held in trust (854,307) (874,783)
Other specified purpose accounts 38,785 33,657
Total 59,584 53,949

Guarantee deposits & securities held in trust

In fulfilling its duties under various acts that govern the use of federal Crown land, including land use activities, water resources, and water rights, the Department may issue licences, permits, and other instruments to individuals and organizations that propose to undertake resource exploration and other types of development projects.

In accordance with the terms and conditions of the instrument, the Department may require security deposits to ensure the lands and waters are returned in a condition acceptable to the Department. These security or guarantee deposits can be in the form of cash or paper securities (usually letters of credit).

Cash amounts received are transferred to and held in the CRF, whereas paper securities are held by the Department and recorded in the contra-liability account securities held in trust.

Other specified purpose accounts

These include a number of Indian special accounts, the most significant of which is the Indian moneys suspense account. This account was established to hold moneys received for individual Indians and bands pending execution of the related lease, permit or licence, settlement of litigation, registration of the Indian or identification of the recipient. These moneys are then disbursed to an Indian, credited to an Indian Band Fund or Individual Trust Fund account, or returned to the payer, as appropriate.





12. Trust Accounts

In accordance with the Indian Act, INAC has responsibility to administer Indian moneys of bands and certain individual Indians, including minors, mentally incompetent individuals and deceased Indians.

Moneys collected or received for the use and benefit of these groups are deposited to the CRF. Pursuant to Section 61(2) of the Indian Act, interest on Indian moneys held in the CRF is allowed at a rate fixed from time to time by the Governor-in-Council. Interest accumulated in the accounts is compounded semi-annually.

The following table shows the Department's financial obligations in its role as administrator of these Indian moneys:

(in thousands of dollars)20102009
 Opening
balance
ReceiptsPaymentsClosing balanceClosing
balance
Indian Band Funds 1,071,809 205,420 (251,078) 1,026,151 1,071,809
Indian Savings Accounts 39,700 2,517 (4,215) 38,002 39,700
Indian Estates Accounts 15,238 6,452 (4,981) 16,709 15,238
Total 1,126,747 214,389 (260,274) 1,080,862 1,126,747

Indian Band Funds

These accounts were established to record moneys belonging to Indian bands throughout Canada pursuant to sections 61 to 69 of the Indian Act.

Moneys are classified as either capital moneys or revenue moneys.

Capital moneys of the band include all moneys derived from the sale of surrendered lands or the sale of band capital assets. Moneys from the sale of surrendered lands can include land sales, timber sales, oil and gas royalties, and sale of gravel. Revenue moneys are all moneys not classified as capital moneys.

Moneys are generally disbursed from these accounts pursuant to an authorized request from a band.

Indian Savings Accounts

These accounts were established to record moneys belonging to certain individual Indians pursuant to sections 52 and 52.1 to 52.5 of the Indian Act.

Sources of moneys include inheritances and per capita distribution of band funds. Moneys are generally disbursed from these accounts pursuant to an authorized request from an individual.

Indian Estate Accounts

These accounts were established to record moneys belonging to mentally incompetent individuals and deceased Indians pursuant to sections 42 to 51 of the Indian Act.

Sources of moneys belonging to mentally incompetent individuals include inheritances, per capita distribution of band funds, and provincial assistance payments. Payments are made from these accounts for the maintenance and care of the individuals.

Estate accounts for deceased Indians include the proceeds of their liquidated assets that are held pending the settlement of the estate. The closing of the account usually corresponds with the final distribution to their heirs.





13. Settled Claims

The liability for settled claims represents INAC's financial obligation pursuant to agreements related to comprehensive land claims.

Comprehensive land claims are negotiated in areas where Aboriginal title has not been dealt with by treaty or by other legal methods. In such cases, the claim is based on an Aboriginal group's traditional use and occupancy of that land. Comprehensive land claim settlements result in agreement on special rights Aboriginal peoples will have in the future with respect to lands and resources.

An act of Parliament, based on a negotiated agreement, establishes the authority for INAC to make claim payments. The interest rate attached to these claim payments is set out in the act, along with a claim payment schedule. Claim payments are generally made over a number of years.

At March 31, 2010, INAC had 11 outstanding settled claims (10 in 2009). Payments totalled $104,000,000 in 2010 ($113,000,000 in 2009).

The present value of the liability for settled claims, calculated using the appropriate Consolidated Revenue Fund Monthly Lending Rate as published by the Department of Finance, at March 31, 2010 is $538,411,000 ($607,931,000 in 2009).

Future scheduled claim payments are as follows:

(in thousands of dollars)

 20112012201320142015 and
thereafter
Total
Scheduled payments 99,000 101,000 79,000 69,000 263,000 611,000





14. Contingent Liabilities

Contingent liabilities arise in the normal course of operations and their ultimate disposition is unknown. They are classified into three categories: claims and litigation, environmental liabilities (contaminated sites) and loan guarantees.

Claims and litigation

There are hundreds of claims and pending and threatened litigation cases outstanding against the Department. Some of these potential liabilities may become actual liabilities when one or more future events occur or fail to occur. To the extent that the future event is likely to occur, and a reasonable estimate of the loss can be made, an estimated liability is accrued and an expense recorded in the financial statements.

There are four significant types of claims faced by the department: comprehensive land claims, specific claims, general litigation claims, and claims arising from the legacy of Indian residential schools.

There are 76 (76 in 2009) comprehensive land claims and 548 (588 in 2009) specific claims under negotiation, accepted for negotiation, or under review. Legal proceedings for 528 (525 in 2009) claims being pursued through the courts were still pending at March 31, 2010. And there are thousands of claims being managed by the Department with respect to the legacy of Indian residential schools, including class action claims, as well as claims submitted under its Alternative Dispute Resolution process and its Independent Assessment Process.

INAC has recorded an allowance of $12,050,572,000 ($10,335,936,000 in 2009) as an estimate of the likely liability that will result from the above claims. This estimate includes projections based on historical rates and costs of settlement of similar claims. Exposure to liability in excess of the amount accrued is $408,607,000 (not estimated in 2009 - see Note 18).

Environmental liabilities

Liabilities are accrued to record the estimated costs related to the management and remediation of contaminated sites where the Department is obligated to incur such costs.

INAC has identified contaminated sites for which a liability of $1,901,998,000 ($1,571,348,000 in 2009) has been recorded. Estimated additional clean-up costs of $497,859,000 ($333,634,000 in 2009) have not been accrued, as the likelihood of incurring these costs cannot be determined at this time.

INAC's ongoing efforts to assess contaminated sites may result in additional environmental liabilities related to newly identified sites, or changes in the assessments or intended use of existing sites. These liabilities will be accrued by the Department in the year in which they become known.

Loan guarantees

Losses on loan guarantees are recorded when it is likely that a payment will be made to honour a guarantee. As at March 31, 2010, INAC has issued loan guarantees of $1,847,388,000 ($1,780,871,000 in 2009) for which a liability of $1,660,000 ($1,800,000 in 2009) has been recorded. INAC's authority limit for issuing loan guarantees under its On-reserve housing guarantee program is $2.2 billion ($2.2 billion in 2009).





15. Employee Benefits

Pension benefits

INAC's employees participate in the Public Service Pension Plan, which is sponsored and administered by the Government of Canada. Pension benefits accrue up to a maximum period of 35 years at a rate of 2 percent per year of pensionable service, times the average of the best five consecutive years of earnings. The benefits are integrated with Canada/Québec Pension Plan benefits and are indexed to inflation.

Both the employees and the Department contribute to the cost of the Plan. For the year ended March 31, 2010, the expense amounts to $50,540,000 ($43,660,000 in 2009), which represents approximately 1.9 times (2.0 in 2009) the contributions by employees.

INAC's responsibility with regard to the Plan is limited to its contributions. Actuarial surpluses or deficiencies are recognized in the financial statements of the Government of Canada as the Plan's sponsor.

Severance benefits

INAC provides severance benefits to its employees based on eligibility, years of service and final salary. These severance benefits are not pre-funded. Benefits will be paid from future appropriations. Information about the severance benefits, measured as at March 31, is as follows:

 20102009
(in thousands of dollars)
Accrued benefit obligation, beginning of year 78,549 58,502
Expense for the year 1,501 25,818
Benefits paid during the year (5,730) (5,771)
Accrued benefit obligation, end of year 74,320 78,549





16. Contractual Obligations

The nature of INAC's activities can result in some multi-year contracts and obligations whereby the Department will be obligated to make future payments when the goods or services are received. Significant contractual obligations that can be reasonably estimated are summarized as follows:

(in thousands of dollars)

 20112012201320142015 and
thereafter
Total
Transfer payments 1,457,898 647,704 568,994 334,521 917,380 3,926,497





17. Related Party Transactions

INAC is related as a result of common ownership to all Government of Canada departments, agencies, and Crown corporations. INAC enters into transactions with these entities in the normal course of business and on normal trade terms. Also, during the year, INAC received services which were obtained without charge from other Government departments as presented below.

a) Services provided without charge

During the year INAC received without charge from other departments, accommodation, the employer's contribution to the health and dental insurance plans, workman's compensation coverage, and legal services. These services without charge have been recognized in INAC's statement of operations as follows:

 20102009
(in thousands of dollars)
Accommodation provided by Public Works and Government Services Canada (PWGSC) 34,711 33,795
Contributions covering employers' share of employees' insurance premiums and expenditures paid by TBS (excluding revolving funds) 34,377 32,292
Workers' compensation coverage provided by Human Resources Canada 495 516
Salary and associated expenditures for legal services provided by Justice Canada 29,920 19,095
Total 99,503 85,698

The Government has structured some of its administrative activities for efficiency and cost-effectiveness purposes so that one department performs these on behalf of all without charge. The costs of these services, which include payroll and cheque issuance services provided by Public Works and Government Services Canada and audit services provided by the Office of the Auditor General, are not included as an expense in INAC's Statement of Operations.

b) Payables outstanding at year-end with related parties

 20102009
(in thousands of dollars)
Accounts payable to other government departments and agencies 26,601 17,303





18. Change in Accounting Estimate

During the year, the department developed and implemented more robust costing methodologies to better estimate the financial effects of certain contingent liabilities.

These changes in accounting estimates resulted in increases to expenses and associated liabilities that have been recognized in the current year.

As part of the costing methodology for the allowance for claims and litigation, a range of reasonably possible amounts was identified. As a result, exposure to liability in excess of the amount accrued of $408,607,000 is disclosed.

The effects of these changes on the current year are summarized as follows:

(in thousands of dollars)

Allowance for claims and litigation 489,427
Environmental liabilities 200,228





19. Comparative Information

Comparative figures have been reclassified to conform to the current year's presentation.






Summary of the assessment of effectiveness of the system of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting and the action plan of Indian and Northern Affairs Canada for the year ended March 31, 2010

Annex to the Statement of Management Responsibility Including Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

Note to reader

With the new Treasury Board Policy on Internal Control, effective April 1, 2009, departments are now required to demonstrate the measures they are taking to maintain an effective system of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting.

As part of this policy departments are expected to conduct annual assessments of their system of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting, establish action plans to address any necessary adjustments, and to attach to their Statements of Management Responsibility a summary of their assessment results and an action plan.

Effective systems of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting aim to achieve reliable financial statements and to provide assurance that:

It is important to note that a system of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting is not designed to eliminate all risks, rather to mitigate risk to a reasonable level with controls that are balanced with, and proportionate to, the risks they aim to mitigate.

The maintenance of an effective system of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting is an ongoing process designed to identify and prioritize risks and the controls to mitigate these risks, as well as to monitor its performance in support of continuous improvement.

As a result, the scope, pace and status of those departmental assessments of the effectiveness of their system of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting will vary from one organization to the other based on risks and taking into account their unique circumstances.

1. Introduction

This document is an annex to Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC) Statement of Management Responsibility Including Internal Control Over Financial Reporting for the year ended March 31, 2010.

As required by the new Treasury Board Policy on Internal Control, effective April 1, 2009, this document provides summary information on the measures taken by INAC to maintain an effective system of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting (ICFR). In particular, it provides summary information on the risk assessments and subsequent controls-work conducted by INAC as at March 31, 2010, including progress, results, and related action plans, along with some financial highlights pertinent to understanding the control environment unique to the Department.

It is important to note that the system of ICFR is not designed to eliminate every possible risk, rather to mitigate risk to a reasonable level with controls that are balanced with, and proportionate to, the risks they aim to mitigate. The maintenance of an effective ICFR system is an ongoing process designed to identify and prioritize risks and the controls to mitigate those risks, as well as to monitor its performance in support of continuous improvement.

1.1 Authority, Mandate and Program Activities

INAC is one of the federal government departments responsible for meeting the Government of Canada's obligations and commitments to First Nations, Inuit and Métis, and for fulfilling the federal government's constitutional responsibilities in the North.

INAC supports Aboriginal people (First Nations, Inuit, and Métis) and Northerners in their efforts to:

Detailed information on INAC's authority, mandate and program activities can be found in the Departmental Performance Report and the Report on Plans and
Priorities
.

1.2 Financial highlights

The unaudited 2009-10 financial statements of INAC. Financial information about INAC can also be found in the Public Accounts of Canada.

In summary:

1.3 Service arrangements relevant to financial statements

The Department relies on other organizations for the processing of certain transactions that are recorded in its financial statements:

Common arrangements include:

Specific arrangements include:

These types of expenses are recorded on Treasury Board Secretariat's financial statements as Government-wide funds and are representative of Treasury Board Secretariat in its support to Treasury Board as the employer of the public service.

1.4 Significant changes in fiscal year 2009-10

Ms. Susan MacGowan, CMA became INAC's new Chief Financial Officer effective May 25, 2010.

2. INAC control environment relevant to Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

Senior leadership at INAC ensure that staff at all levels understand their roles and responsibilities in maintaining effective systems of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting and that they possess the knowledge and tools to exercise these responsibilities effectively.

INAC's objective is to continuously improve its internal control environment using a risk-based approach and targeted resource investment so that the required level of effectiveness is efficiently achieved. Outlined below are the key roles and responsibilities and the key measures by which staff are equipped to manage risks within INAC relative to the ICFR.

2.1 Key positions, roles and responsibilities

Below are INAC's key positions and committees with responsibilities for maintaining and reviewing the effectiveness of its system of ICFR.

Deputy Minister - INAC's Deputy Minister, as Accounting Officer, assumes overall responsibility and leadership for the measures taken to maintain an effective system of internal control. In this role, the Deputy Minister chairs the Departmental Audit Committee and the Senior Management Committee, Policy Committee, and the Financial Management Committee.

Chief Financial Officer - INAC's Chief Financial Officer reports directly to the Deputy Minister and provides leadership for the coordination, coherence and focus on the design and maintenance of an effective and integrated system of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting, including its annual assessment.

Senior Departmental Managers - INAC's senior departmental managers in charge of program delivery are responsible for reviewing and maintaining the effectiveness of their system of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting in their area of responsibilities.

Chief Audit Executive - INAC's Chief Audit Executive reports directly to the Deputy Minister and provides assurance through periodic internal audits, which are instrumental to the maintenance of an effective system of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. Falling under the Chief Audit Executive's responsibilities is also the management of the Corporate Risk Profile of INAC.

Departmental Audit Committee - The Departmental Audit Committee is an advisory committee that provides objective views on the Department's risk management, control and governance frameworks. It is comprised of four external members and was established in June 2007. As such, it reviews INAC's Corporate Risk Profile and its system of internal control, including the assessment and action plans relating to the system of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting.

2.2 Key measures undertaken by INAC

INAC's control environment also includes a series of measures to equip its staff to manage risks well through raising awareness, providing appropriate knowledge and tools as well as developing skills. Key measures include:

3. Assessment of INAC's system of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

3.1 Assessment baseline

In 2004, the Government of Canada commenced an initiative to determine the ability of departments to sustain controls-based audits of their financial statements, thus placing reliance on well functioning internal controls. As a result, beginning in 2006, the largest departments, including INAC, are formalizing their approach to managing their systems of ICFR, including readiness assessments and action plans.

ICFR is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with applicable accounting policies.

INAC has adopted an ICFR framework in order to:

Whether it is to support the controls-based audit requirements or those of the Policy on Internal Control, there are numerous benefits to the need for assurance on auditable departmental financial statements in the federal government. They include:

Over time, this includes assessment of design and operating effectiveness of the system of ICFR leading to ensure the on-going monitoring and continuous improvement of the departmental system of ICFR.

Design effectiveness means ensuring that the key control points are identified, documented, in place and are aligned with the risks (i.e. controls are balanced with, and proportionate to, the risks they aim to mitigate) and that any remediation is addressed. This includes the mapping of key processes and IT systems to the main accounts by location, as applicable.

Operating effectiveness means that the application of key controls has been tested over a defined period and that any required remediation is addressed. Such testing covers all departmental control levels, which include corporate, or entity, general computer, and business process controls.

3.2 Assessment approach at INAC

To achieve INAC's ICFR objective, INAC's PIC/AFS team adopted the following ICFR approach:

Step 1: Risk Assessment and Scoping

Step 2: Documentation of Control Activities

Step 3: Evaluate Design Effectiveness of Controls

Step 4: Remediate Control Design Effectiveness

Step 5: Evaluate Operational Effectiveness of Controls

Step 6: Remediate Operational Effectiveness Deficiencies

Step 7: Ongoing Monitoring of Controls

4. INAC's assessment results

As a result of the assessment approach described above, INAC has developed baseline architecture of key control points by material accounts. As at March 31, 2010, INAC has completed its assessment of the design effectiveness for the areas of focus outlined in the table below and is in the process of implementing any remediation required.

INAC ICFR Areas of Focus

Workstream - Control Scope Testing Location
Financial Transactions -Grants and Contributions (G&C)
-Purchases, Payables and Payments
-Payroll
-Trust Accounts
-Direct Loans
-Guaranteed Loans
-Revenue Management
-Capital Assets
-Comprehensive Claims
-Specific Claims
NCR, BC, and SK
NCR, BC, and SK
NCR, BC, and SK
NCR, BC, and IOGC
NCR and BC
NCR, BC, and QC
NCR
NCR 
NCR and BC
NCR and QC
Financial Reporting -Environmental Liabilities
-Claims and Litigation Liabilities
-Loan Guarantees
-Legacy of Indian Residential School Liability
-Financial Reporting
NCR, B.C., Nunavut
NCR 
NCR
NCR

NCR
Information Technology
General Controls (ITGC)

(Access Management, Quality
Assurance and Testing,
Change Management, Disaster Recovery)
-OASIS (Oracle Financial System)
-FNITP (First Nation & Inuit Transfer Payment System)
-RIMS (Resource Information Management System)
-OSMS/RPS (OASIS Salary Management System/Regional Pay System)
-GLMS (Guaranteed Loan Management System)
-TFMS (Trust Fund Management System)
-IEMS (Integrated Environmental Management System)
-PeopleSoft (Oracle PeopleSoft Enterprise)
-SCBDB (Specific Claims Branch Database)
NCR
NCR

NCR and AB

NCR


TBD

TBD

TBD

TBD

TBD
Entity Level Controls (ELC) -Control Environment
-Risk Assessment
-Control Activities
-Information and Communication
-Monitoring
NCR
NCR
NCR
NCR
NCR

Step 1: Risk Assessment and Scoping

The initial audit readiness assessment was completed in 2007. An ICFR Framework to guide internal control activities was developed and, using the findings from this assessment and the assessment approach described above, INAC developed a list of significant accounts as its Areas of Focus.

Step 2: Documentation of Control Activities

The following tasks were completed to document control activities:

4.1 Design effectiveness of key controls

Step 3: Evaluate Design Effectiveness of Controls

The following tasks were completed to evaluate design effectiveness:

Step 4: Remediate Design Deficiencies

The following task was completed to remediate design deficiencies:

Following INAC's ICFR approach, the Department has developed control documentation for all in-scope control areas, with the exception of Tangible Capital Assets, Revenue Management (Financial Transaction Controls), four remaining IT systems, Contingent liabilities (Non-Litigation), Indian Residential School Liabilities, and Entity Level Controls.

INAC is currently between Step 3, Evaluate Design Effectiveness, and Step 4, Remediate Design Effectiveness, of its ICFR approach. Step 5, Evaluate Operational Effectiveness, is expected to start in 2010-11.

As a result of the design effectiveness assessment approach highlighted in Section 3.1 and 3.2, INAC's PIC/AFS team recommended the following remedial activities to address control level gaps.

Entity Level Controls

Information Technology General Controls

Financial Transactions Controls

Financial Reporting Controls

Monitoring and quality assurance of financial statement preparation

4.2 Operating effectiveness of key controls

In 2010-11, INAC will commence Step 5 of its ICFR approach, the assessment of operating effectiveness of key controls. In doing so, it will implement a risk-based testing approach to identify key controls to be tested over a defined period of time, including the selection of locations, the test period, as well as the method and frequency of testing.

Operating effectiveness assessment will not commence until all remediation of design effectiveness gaps, associated with Step 4, have been implemented. When completing operating effectiveness testing, the Department will ensure that key controls will function over a 12-month period, or a specified period of time during the fiscal year based on risks.

5. INAC's action plan

5.1 Progress as at March 31, 2010

During 2009-10, INAC continued to make significant progress in assessing and improving its key controls. Below is a summary of the main progress made by INAC.

INAC completed work to address the following necessary adjustments:

INAC substantially advanced work to address the following necessary adjustments:

5.2 Action plan for the next fiscal year and future years

Whether it is to support controls-based audits or meet the requirements of the Policy on Internal Control, departments need to be able to maintain an effective system of ICFR with the objectives to provide reasonable assurances that transactions are appropriately authorized, financial records are properly maintained, assets are safeguarded and applicable laws, regulations and policies are complied with.

Building on progress to date, INAC is positioned to complete the assessment of its system of ICFR by 2014-15.

By end of 2010-11 INAC plans to:

By end of 2011-12 INAC plans to:

Date modified: