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Author: Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development
Date: Ottawa, 1997
QS - Y118-000-EE-A1
PDF Version (585 Kb, 29 Pages)
On February 14. 1995, the Council of Yukon Indians Umbrella Final Agreement and final comprehensive land claim and self-government agreements for four of 14 Yukon First Nations came into effect. This event, the culmination of more than 20 years of negotiations, truly marks a new beginning in relations between the governments of Canada and the Yukon and Yukon First Nations.
The first report on the implementation of the four Yukon First Nation land claims agreements is the culmination of the efforts of the Teslin Tlingit Council, the Champagne and Aishihik First Nations, the Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation, the First Nation of Nacho Nyak Dun, and the Governments of Yukon and Canada. These achievements and milestones identified in the report are evidence to the benefits of partnership, effective communication and the individual and collective wills of the parties to work together to ensure the implementation of these Agreements. The activities during this initial period have not been without challenges, but the parties have worked diligently and co-operatively to achieve desired results.
I am particularly pleased with the spirit of good will and cooperation that marked this first year of implementation. I look forward to continued growth and success in the future.
The Honourable Jane Stewart, P.C., M.P.
Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development
The Yukon Territory is home to 14 individual First Nations representing approximately 8,000 Yukon Indian People (see Appendix 1). In 1973, these First Nations formed an umbrella organization known as the Council For Yukon Indians (CYI) in order to pursue a comprehensive land claim with the federal government. In 1995, the CYI changed its name to the Council of Yukon First Nations (CYFN).
In 1990, Canada, Yukon and the CYI reached an agreement-in-principle which became the basis for the Council for Yukon Indians Umbrella Final Agreement (UFA). Shortly after the conclusion of the agreement-in-principle, the parties also agreed that, rather than a single territory-wide agreement, individual final agreements embodying the provisions of the UFA would be concluded with each of the 14 First Nations.
On May 29, 1993, representatives of Canada, Yukon and the CYI signed the UFA. Final agreements incorporating the UFA were signed between Canada, Yukon and the Teslin Tlingit Council, the Champagne and Aishihik First Nations, the Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation, and the First Nation of Nacho Nyak Dun on the same date.
At the same time, self-government agreements were concluded with the first four First Nations. These agreements are based on a "model" agreement, signed by the First Nations and the federal and territorial governments in 1991, that provides a basic structure for each First Nation's individual self-government.
Enabling legislation in the form of the Yukon first Nations Claims Settlement Act (Bill C-33) and the Yukon Fist Nations Self-Government Act (Bill C-34) was assented to on July 7, 1994. The Yukon Surface Rights Act (Bill C-55), an essential companion piece of legislation, was assented to on December 15, 1994. February 14, 1995 was established by the Governor in Council as the effective date of the Yukon Surface Rights Act, the land claim and self government settlement legislation, and of the first four First Nation final agreements.
Negotiations to conclude final agreements with the remaining 10 First Nations continued. It is expected that several more final agreements will be concluded shortly. The focus of this review, however, is the first year of implementation of the first four land claim settlement final agreements.
The UFA Implementation Plan and the First Nations implementation plans require each party to name a representative to act on its behalf in resolving implementation issues. While there are no requirements in the Yukon agreements for a formal committee, the parties agreed to establish an informal implementation working group to monitor the implementation of the agreements and to address implementation issues. The working group consists of representatives of each of Canada, Yukon, the CYFN and the four First Nations with completed final agreements.
During the first year, the working group met five times in Whitehorse. It proved to be an excellent forum for the parties to inform each other of progress, issues and future priorities. In particular, the working group enabled parties to discuss, clarify and resolve issues of mutual concerns. A wide range of issues were discussed during the year. Highlights include resolution on a commencement date for property tax assistance to First Nations and a complete review of first year obligations and activities undertaken by the parties.
The UFA provides for the establishment of (or for First Nations nominations to) several implementing bodies with responsibilities for managing wildlife resources, conducting environmental impact assessments and reviewing development proposals, planning and regulating land and water use, addressing heritage issues, settling disputes that may arise in the interpretation of the Agreement, and for determining who is qualified to participate as a beneficiary of the Agreement.
The UFA sets out the membership, functions and time frames for the establishment of each implementing body. The Yukon Water Board, the Yukon Surface Rights Board (SRB) and the yet to be established Yukon Development Assessment Board operate under separate legislation. The provisions of the UFA give First Nations a guaranteed number of nominations to the membership of these bodies and set out the scope of powers to be covered by the enabling legislation.
Generally, funding support and the appointment of members to the implementing bodies are the responsibility of the government in whose jurisdiction their main functions fall. The Fish and Wildlife Management Board (FWMB), the Renewable Resources Councils (RRCs), the Yukon Heritage Resources Board (YHRB) and the Yukon Geographical Place Names Board (YGPNB) fall within the jurisdiction of the Yukon government. The Surface Rights Board, the Water Board, the Land Use Planning Council (LUPC ), the regional land use planning councils, the Salmon Sub-Committee (SSC), the Enrollment Commission and the Dispute Resolution Board are supported by Canada. Canada provides an annual contribution to Yukon to fund the operation of the implementing bodies whose functions fall within the jurisdiction of the Yukon government.
Appendix 4 lists the implementing bodies and their membership.
The Enrollment Commission was established under the provisions of the UFA on July 1, 1989. Settlement legislation gives the Enrollment Commission the powers to determine eligibility for enrollment, to hear and determine any appeal respecting enrollment, and to provide for the enforcement of any order or decision. This Commission is an independent body operating at arm's length from the parties to the settlement agreements.
The membership comprises three commissioners, one nominated by the CYFN, one jointly by Canada and Yukon, and a third person chosen by the two nominees. Appointments are made by the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development.
The Yukon Enrollment Commission has established working relationships with all Yukon First Nations, various other First Nations and government agencies. Reports are received on births, deaths, marriages and name changes from the Yukon government. The Yukon Family and Children's Services and the Commission work together to enroll Yukon First Nations descendants who have been adopted. An enrollment information package and applications were mailed to adoption agencies across Canada and Alaska. Advertising for enrollment to the Yukon Land Claim has appeared in major newspapers across Canada.
All 14 Yukon First Nations have established enrollment committees composed of no more than five members of that First Nation. Each committee has a coordinator who works closely with the Commission's coordinator. Training is provided on request to any enrollment coordinator.
As of March 31, 1996, there were 7,650 beneficiaries to the Yukon Land Claim, with 208 applications pending. During the reporting period, 388 applications were reviewed; 379 were approved and 9 required further documentation. Fourteen beneficiaries withdrew their applications. Of the total beneficiaries, 74 percent live within the Yukon, 17 percent live elsewhere in Canada, and 9 percent live outside Canada. Yukon land claims beneficiary lists are published annually.
The Enrollment Commission's draft appeal rules are circulating among the parties to the UFA, and are to be finalized in the 1996-97 fiscal year.
The Yukon Geographical Place Names Board (YGPNB), established under the UFA, recommends to the Yukon government the naming or renaming of places or features located within Yukon. There are six members, three each nominated by the CYFN and Yukon. The Yukon Minister of Tourism responsible for heritage appoints the members.
During 1995-96, the Board reviewed 50 applications for the naming of geographical features: 12 were approved and 38 assessed as incomplete or requiring additional information. At year end, 74 applications await Board review. Many of these require further research before the review can be completed.
The Board encourages the compilation of full supporting background information for all approved place names and ensures that suitable information is available for the promotion and interpretation of such sites.
The Yukon Heritage Resources Board (YHRB), established in March 1995 in accordance with the UFA, makes recommendations and provides advice to government and First Nations concerning the management of Yukon's heritage resources. It focuses mainly on movable heritage resources (objects) and sites. The Board must also consider ways to use and preserve First Nation languages and the traditional knowledge of Yukon Indian elders.
The Board has 10 members, with equal numbers nominated by the CYFN and Yukon. The Minister of Tourism responsible for heritage for the Yukon appoints the members.
The Board provided recommendations on amendments to the Historic Resources Act. The Board invited individuals and experts familiar with Yukon resources to speak about heritage issues and activities, such as the development of heritage legislation, preservation of heritage sites, the Development Assessment Process (DAP), and the heritage river designation process. Two consultant reports were commissioned: "Amendments to the Yukon Historic Resources Act" and "A Strategy for Rehabilitation and Re-Use of Heritage Buildings."
The Board considered methods for extending the Canadian heritage rivers program to include commemoration of the Yukon River during centennial celebrations of the Klondike Gold Rush. Two committees were established to consider financial matters and to develop policies, procedures and rules.
On the effective date of settlement legislation, February 14, 1995, the Yukon Land Use Planning Council (LUPC) was established, replacing the Land Use Planning Policy Advisory Committee established by the Agreement on Land Use Planning in Yukon of October 22, 1987.
The LUPC consists of three members, one each nominated by the CYFN, Canada and Yukon. The Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development appoints the members.
The Council makes recommendations to government and each affected First Nation on land use planning, including the identification of planning regions, priorities for regional land use plans and terms of reference for land use planning in Yukon which encompasses both general and specific requirements for each planning region. Once the LUPC has identified the planning regions, a regional land use planning council will be established for each region.
During the period covered by this review, the LUPC:
The LUPC also began work on the following issues:
The LUPC is also preparing a communications strategy to assist in educating and advising Yukoners on land use planning and the Council's role. A video and brochure have been completed and will be used as information segments in a series of community visits.
The Yukon Surface Rights Board (SRB), created under the UFA, was established on June 2, 1995 pursuant to the Yukon Surface Rights Board Act (Bill C-S5). The Board's primary mandate is to manage the disputes respecting surface rights that fall within its jurisdiction. The SRB is to consider applications in an informal and expeditious manner while adhering to the Board's procedural rules and rules of natural justice and procedural fairness.
The membership of the SRB is to consist of no more than 10 members, one half of which are nominated by the CYFN plus a chairperson nominated by the members. The members, including the chairperson, are appointed by the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development. The SRB currently has four members plus the chairperson.
The Board's activities in the first few months consisted of orientation to the UFA and the Yukon Surface Rights Board Act. This included the Surface Rights Board Workshop in October, 1995 where a start-up plan was developed. The key issues identified were the development of board rules of procedure and bylaws.
The Board developed draft rules of procedure which were published in the Canada Gazette, Part 1 on March 23, 1996 and notice was published in the Yukon News commencing March 22, 1996. The Board also requested input from various government departments, First Nations, mining associations, and other organizations and individuals. The Board received eight submissions. These were thoroughly reviewed while finalizing the procedural rules. The final rules of procedure will be available in April 1996.
There have been several inquiries to the Board by individuals but there were no applications during the year.
The Yukon Water Board which has responsibility for regulating the use of water in the Yukon Territory was a pre-existing board at the time of the Yukon land claims settlement. The UFA provides for the CYFN to nominate one third of the members of the Board and sets out a number of specific provisions with respect to water management in Yukon. Appointments to the Board are made by the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development.
A Fish and Wildlife Management Board (FWMB) was established as the primary instrument of fish and wildlife management in Yukon. The Board comprises six nominees of Yukon First Nations and six nominees of government appointed by the Minister of Renewable Resources for Yukon. The Board may make recommendations on all matters related to fish and wildlife management, legislation, research, policies and programs.
The Dispute Resolution Board was established to provide a comprehensive dispute resolution process for disputes arising from the interpretation, administration or implementation of settlement agreements or settlement legislation and to facilitate the out-of-court resolution of disputes in a non-adversarial and informal atmosphere. The Board consists of three members jointly selected and appointed by the CYFN, Canada and Yukon.
The appointment of members was not yet confirmed at the end of the period covered by this review.
A Salmon Sub-Committee (SSC) is established under the UFA as the primary instrument of salmon management in Yukon. The SSC consists of two members assigned from the membership of the FWMB and two nominated by the Minister of Fisheries and Oceans. In addition, the affected First Nation for each of the Yukon River, Alsek River and Porcupine River drainage basins nominates two members who sit on the SSC for matters affecting the respective drainage basins.
The Minister of Fisheries and Oceans appoints the members.
Six meetings were held during the year with good attendance and progress on management issues. Three of the six meetings took place in outlying communities.
The UFA provides for the establishment of a renewable resources council (RRC) in each First Nation's traditional territory as a primary instrument for local renewable resources management in that territory. Subject to transboundary agreements and First Nations final agreements, the membership of each council is to be composed of three nominees of the Yukon First Nations and three nominees of the Yukon appointed by the Minister of Renewable Resources. The Minister also appoints a chairperson nominated by each RRC from its membership.
Four RRCs have been established, one for each of the traditional territories of the First Nations with final agreements.
Pursuant to the UFA, each First Nation final agreement establishes a settlement land committee to make recommendations on the surveying of settlement lands, including site-specific selections, survey priorities and surveying special management areas boundaries. The committees each consist of two members appointed by government and two appointed by the First Nation. The Surveyor General appoints a representative to chair the committee.
Settlement land committees for the four First Nations with final agreements were established during the reporting period. Each made recommendations which formed the basis of the 1995-96 survey program for Natural Resources Canada's Legal Surveys Division.
The Champagne and Aishihik First Nations (CAFN) are primarily located east of the village of Haines Junction, the first major community northwest of Whitehorse on the Alaska Highway. As of December 1993, the population of Haines junction was 805, with CAFN members making up approximately 25 percent. Haines junction is the site of Parks Canada's administration headquarters for Kluane National Park, a world heritage site.
During the reporting period, the CAFN carried out a number of implementation activities. A constitution was adopted by the membership, and some drafting of laws was undertaken. First year funding was completed through a financial transfer agreement. Funding for boards was also completed. The CAFN appointed a representative to monitor the implementation plan, and nominated members to the Renewable Resources Council, the Kluane National Park Management Board and the Settlement Land Committee.
The CAFN has invested funds with the assistance of investment counsellors, and has appointed a board of trustees to oversee investments and manage compensation funds.
Several land and resource issues were dealt with, including the process of surveying settlement lands, meetings with overlapping First Nations, negotiations on specific transboundary claims, participation in specific management planning initiatives, forestry and management of fish and wildlife resources.
The First Nation of Nacho Nyak Dun (NND) inhabits land in and around the village of Mayo, located 407 kilometres north of Whitehorse on the northern bank of the Stewart River. Historically, it's a fur trade centre and currently, there are approximately 78 traplines in the area.
The NND internal activities included implementing its constitution, passing initial laws in developing self-government and land and resources acts, establishing the Land and Resources Department, drafting land use regulations and negotiating a firefighting contract. Other activities included the revision of administration and finance policies and the modification of financial reporting, the negotiation of impact and benefit and/or framework agreements with two mining companies and the establishment of a separate development corporation.
The NND took initial steps in the management of financial resources by establishing a compensation fund management plan. Some income from this fund has been used for enhancing programs and services for NND citizens.
In the area of intergovernmental activities, the NND supported the Implementation Working Group and feels its activity has been very productive in the early stage. The Settlement Land Committee is operational and the survey of NND land is in progress. The Mayo Renewable Resources Council operated throughout this period and participated in several planning and review efforts, including the preparation of the draft Bonnet Plume River management plan and the Outfitters Quota Study. Working relationships at the government department level are being established to achieve effective co-management regimes.
The Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation is located in Northern Yukon inside the Arctic Circle. Its main population centre is the community of Old Crow on the banks of the Porcupine River. It is accessible only by air, or by boat in summer from Fort Yukon, Alaska.
The Vuntut National Park has been created in the Old Crow Flats region. The park was created on the effective date of the Final Agreement and features prominently in the Agreement.
No report was available from the Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation for this review period.
The Teslin Tlingit Council has its main headquarters in the community of Teslin, located 160 kilometres south of Whitehorse on the Alaska Highway.
No report was available from the Teslin Tlingit Council for this review period.
The Council of Yukon First Nations (CYFN) is the successor organization to the Council for Yukon Indians (CYI). It has several implementation obligations pursuant to the UFA and the UFA Implementation Plan. Activities undertaken during the reporting period include:
Implementation of General Information Strategy:
The Yukon government's implementation obligations and activities under the UFA and Yukon First Nation final and self-government agreements are identified in each agreement's implementation plan.
The following are the highlights of implementation activities carried out by some Yukon government departments during the reporting period. Further information is available through the Yukon Government Land Claims Secretariat.
The Implementation and First Nations Relations Unit within the Land Claims Secretariat is responsible for negotiating implementation plans and coordinating the Yukon government's implementation activities. Officials from the Secretariat represent the Yukon government at multiparty implementation working group meetings where Yukon First Nations with agreements, the CYFN and the Government of Canada are represented. This working group addresses issues of concern in implementation.
During the year, the Secretariat oversaw the establishment of various Yukon boards and committees created by the agreements. It ensured the timely appointment of members and undertook the required consultations with the CYFN and Yukon First Nations on the contribution agreements between the Yukon government and each of the boards. The Secretariat, along with representatives from the federal government and the CYFN, also coordinated and delivered UFA orientation sessions to the boards and committees; this work will continue throughout the coming year.
The Secretariat is the Yukon government's lead department for work on the development assessment legislation. Officials from the Secretariat were involved in discussions with the CYFN and the federal government to develop this legislation.
The Department of Renewable Resources (DRR) carries out the Yukon government's responsibilities for fish and wildlife under the UFA, the final agreements and associated implementation plans. Over the last year, DRR worked extensively with the CYFN and individual First Nations to establish the FWMB and four RRCs. The Minister of Renewable Resources appoints the members of the FWM13 and the RRCs and approves their operating budgets.
In co-operation with the Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation, the DRR has done preliminary work toward the development of a management plan for the Fishing Branch Ecological Reserve. The work included a comprehensive report on the potential of human impacts on the grizzly bear population in the Fishing Branch River Valley and the production of two videos to be used during the management planning process.
DRR has been working with the FWMB and the existing RRCs in a number of areas, including:
DRR also signed a memorandum of understanding with the Teslin Tlingit Council respecting conservation, education and renewable resources compliance.
Public information maps were produced which show settlement lands and no-hunting areas. Relevant land claims information has also been added to annual fishing, hunting and trapping summaries.
The Department of Tourism, Heritage Branch is responsible for implementation activities of the Yukon government with respect to heritage - related obligations in the final agreements. The Branch facilitated the establishment of the YHRB and the YGPNB in 1995 and provided interim secretariat assistance to the boards to ensure their successful inauguration. The Minister of Tourism appoints the board members and approves their operating budgets.
During the year, the Historic Resources Act and its amendments were proclaimed to ensure consistency with Yukon First Nation final agreements. The amendments were based on the recommendations of the YHRB. Consultation was carried out with Yukon First Nations as part of this process. The Historic Resources Act was proclaimed in April 1996 and will help to implement heritage provisions of the agreements.
Heritage Branch began work with First Nations to develop management plans for four heritage sites specified in the First Nation final agreements: Rampart House and Lapierre House near Old Crow, Lansing, near Mayo, and Sha'washe (Dalton Post) near Haines function. Completion of the plans is expected by 1997. The Branch also provided copies of its inventories of heritage sites within traditional territories to the four Yukon First Nations with final agreements, and participated in the economic opportunities planning process for the Champagne and Aishihik First Nations.
During the review period, a Department of Education presentation to the First Nation of Nacho Nyak Dun and the Champagne and Aishihik First Nations dealt with making apprenticeship programs more flexible. The Department is also promoting greater participation in the apprenticeship programs by First Nation citizens. Similar work will begin with the Teslin Tlingit Council and the Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation in the near future.
Officials in the Department are working with CYFN to ensure that First Nation training plans are developed in support of the activities of the Training Policy Committee. So far, training plans have been completed for Nacho Nyak Dun, Champagne and Aishihik, Kluane, Teslin, Little Salmon/Carmacks and White River First Nations, and plans are being developed for all remaining Yukon First Nations.
Representatives from the Yukon Archives are also preparing to work with the Department of Tourism's Heritage Branch and the federal government in developing a strategic plan to address the allocation of heritage resources in Yukon. The Archives is responsible for implementation activities relating to documentary heritage resources.
Economic opportunities plans are identified as activities to take place in the early stages of final agreement implementation. The planning process is a joint exercise among Canada, Yukon and each First Nation. Good progress was made on the plan for the Champagne and Aishihik First Nations during the reporting period. The process was facilitated by the secondment to the First Nations of one of the Department's economic development officers and, in exchange, the Department provided a training position for a Champagne and Aishihik First Nations citizen. The economic opportunities plan for the Champagne and Aishihik First Nations should be completed in 1996. Preliminary tripartite talks with other First Nations with final agreements regarding initiation of the planning process have occurred.
The Department is also involved in the design of the Development Assessment Process legislation in collaboration with other Yukon government departments, the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development and the Council of Yukon First Nations.
The Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development (DIAND) has a number of obligations pursuant to the UFA and final agreements and their implementation plans with respect to land, water, mines and minerals, forestry, development assessment, surface rights and economic development. DIAND also has the lead role in the negotiation of First Nation final agreements and the administration of First Nation self-government and implementation funding through financial transfer agreements. Most of these obligations are discharged through the DIAND's regional office located in Whitehorse.
First Nation of Nacho Nyak Dun Final Agreement
During the period:
Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation Final Agreement
During the review period:
Champagne and Aishihik First Nations Final Agreement
During the review period:
Areas of specific responsibilities of the Canadian Wildlife Service pursuant to the UFA and final agreements and implementation plans include requirements relating to the Game Export Act, Endangered Species Protection Act and the Migratory Game Birds Act. The Canadian Wildlife Service also has a role in the development of management plans for special wildlife management areas.
Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO) obligations in Yukon in relation to the UFA and the final agreements primarily focus on the management of salmon resources. Under the provisions of the UFA, the Salmon Sub-Committee (SSC) was established as the main instrument for salmon management. DFO is responsible for providing technical and administrative support to the SSC and for appointing members. A senior official of DFO serves as executive secretary to the SSC.
Highlights for the review period include the following:
Department of Canadian Heritage obligations under the UFA and the Vuntut Gwitchin and Champagne and Aishihik final agreements primarily focus on the national parks and historic sites program.
Through the Vuntut Gwitchin Final Agreement, the Vuntut National Park was established. As well, the Champagne and Aishihik Final Agreement established one third of "a reserve for a national park in the southwest Yukon" as Kluane National Park. The Kluane National Park Management Board was established as a body to ensure co-operative management of the national park between Champagne and Aishihik and Canada.
The UFA obliges the Department of Canadian Heritage to work toward equity in program delivery between the culture and heritage of Yukon Indian people and Yukon at large.
During the review period, several activities took place:
Yukon First Nations must have human resource plans in place to access the Human Resources Development Canada (HRDC) Training Trust Fund established under the Yukon final agreements. Through the Pathways to Success Program, HRDC contributed to the development of human resource plans for 13 Yukon First Nations. In 1995-96, 11 First Nations completed their plans.
Headquarters Canadian Forces Northern Area communicates with affected Yukon First Nations and local communities in advance of any military training exercises. Between April 1995 and March 1996, seven such exercises occurred. As well, the five cadet units conducted three field training exercises and participated in a zone exercise at Minto in October 1995. A southernbased military unit conducted a sovereignty operation at Dawson in November 1995.
The Legal Surveys Division of Natural Resources Canada is responsible for surveying First Nation settlement land selections. It establishes its annual survey priorities based on recommendations made by settlement land committees.
During 1995-96, Legal Surveys Division:
During 1995-96, Public Works and Government Services Canada continued to advertise procurement opportunities on its Open Bidding Service and to meet the requirements of the final agreements by notifying the four First Nations with final agreements of procurement opportunities in their areas.
The Claims Implementation Branch of DIAND, located at DIAND headquarters in Ottawa, is responsible for the overall co-ordination and monitoring of federal government obligations under the First Nation final agreements. The Branch represents Canada on the implementation working group and is also responsible for funding arrangements with the Yukon government, the CYFN and the SRB, the LUPC , the Enrollment Commission and the Dispute Resolution Board, and for making financial compensation payments to First Nations. It co-ordinates the appointment of members to the implementing bodies and is responsible for preparing the annual review of Yukon land claim agreements implementation.
During this review period, the Branch:
Funding was provided during the reporting period as follows:
|Champagne and Aishihik First Nations||$8,366,252|
|First Nation of Nacho Nyak Dun||$3,839,591|
|Teslin Tlingit Council||$5,303.302|
|Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation||$5,478,331|
|Council of Yukon First Nations||$5,632,225|
|Surface Rights Board||$25,305|
|Yukon Fish and Wildlife Enhancement Trust||$577, 702|
|Yukon Indian People Training Trust||$3,709,821|
|Yukon Land Use Planning Council||$62,300|
|Carcross/Tagish First Nation||Little Salmon/Carmacks First Nation|
|Champagne and Aishihik First Nations||Ross River Dena Council|
|Dawson First Nation||Selkirk First Nation|
|First Nation of Nacho Nyak Dun||Ta'an Kwach'an Council|
|Kluane First Nation||Teslin Tlingit Council|
|Kwanlin Dun First Nation||Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation|
|Liard First Nation||White River First Nation|
The Umbrella Final Agreement is a framework within which each of the 14 Yukon First Nations will conclude a final claim settlement agreement. All UFA provisions are a part of each First Nation final agreement. The quantum of settlement land and financial compensation guaranteed by the UFA are apportioned to individual First Nations based on a formula arrived at by the 14 First Nations.
Some key provisions are:
(as of March 31, 1996)
|CAFN||Champagne and Aishihik First Nations|
|CYFN||Council of Yukon First Nations|
|CYI||Council for Yukon Indians|
|DAP||Development Assessment Process|
|DFO||Department of Fisheries and Oceans|
|DIAND||Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development|
|DRR||Department of Renewable Resources|
|FWMB||Fish and Wildlife Management Board|
|HRDC||Human Resources Development Canada|
|LUPC||Land Use Planning Council|
|NND||First Nation of Nacho Nyak Dun|
|RRC||Renewable Resources Council|
|SRB||Surface Rights Board|
|UFA||Umbrella Final Agreement|
|YGPNB||Yukon Geographical Place Names Board|
|YHRB||Yukon Heritage Resources Board|