Bilateral Relationships

The Minister maintains a bilateral relationship with each of the two national Aboriginal Representative Organizations which represent Métis and Non-Status Indians: The Métis National Council and the Congress of Aboriginal Peoples.

Métis Nation Protocol

On April 29, 2013, the Government of Canada and the Métis National Council renewed the 2008 Métis Nation Protocol and signed a new Governance and Financial Accountability Accord.

The renewed Protocol re-established a bilateral process for the Government of Canada and the Métis Nation to conduct discussions on a range of key issues and objectives, including:

  • jurisdictional issues related to federal and provincial responsibilities;
  • access to benefits and settlements by Métis veterans; and,
  • economic development.

The Governance and Financial Accountability Accord formalizes the transparency and accountability measures related to the Métis National Council's fiscal arrangement with Canada.

Political Accord

On February 28, 1994, the Congress of Aboriginal Peoples (CAP), the Federal Interlocutor for Métis and Non-Status Indians and the Minister of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development signed a Political Accord.  The essence of the Political Accord is to provide a forum through which Federal Ministers can be apprised of the views of the CAP and its membership on specified subjects arising out of the commitments set out in Creating Opportunity, rather than specified outcomes. This accord was renewed in June 1998, where it was also agreed that the Political Accord supersedes the Protocol for Bilateral Discussions signed in 1993.

The Accord on Cooperative Policy Development between the CAP and the Government of Canada was signed May 31, 2005, with the purpose of developing a cooperative approach to policy development and undertaking discussions on:

  • Processes to enhance the involvement of the Congress of Aboriginal Peoples in the development of federal policies which focus on, or have a significant specific impact on the Congress of Aboriginal Peoples' constituency; and
  • The financial and human resources and accountability mechanisms necessary to sustain the proposed enhanced involvement of the Congress of Aboriginal Peoples in policy development.