Titre : Birth outcomes in the Inuit-inhabited areas of Canada - Canadian Medical Association Journal, vol 182, no 2
Date : 2010
Auteur : Zhong-Cheng Luo, Sacha Senécal, Fabienne Simonet, Eric Guimond, Christopher Penney, Russell Wilkins
Résumé : Information on health disparities between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal populations is essential for developing public health programs aimed at reducing such disparities. The lack of data on disparities in birth outcomes between Inuit and non-Inuit populations in Canada prompted us to compare birth outcomes in Inuit-inhabited areas with those in the rest of the country and in other rural and northern areas of Canada. We conducted a cohort study of all births in Canada during 1990-2000 using linked vital data. We identified 13 642 births to residents of Inuit-inhabited areas and 4 054 489 births to residents of all other areas. The primary outcome measures were preterm birth, stillbirth and infant death. The Inuit-inhabited areas had much higher rates of preterm birth, stillbirth and infant death compared with the rest of Canada and with other rural and northern areas. There is an urgent need for more effective interventions to improve maternal and infant health in Inuit-inhabited areas.