Exploring new ways of working together

Canada is moving forward with Indigenous partners on different paths toward reconciliation, including Recognition of Rights discussion tables. Find a list of these tables by region.

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About Recognition of Indigenous Rights and Self-Determination discussion tables

The Government of Canada is working with Indigenous communities at over 50 discussion tables across the country to explore new ways of working together to advance the recognition of Indigenous rights and self-determination. These discussions represent more than 300 Indigenous communities, with a total population of more than 500,000 people.

The goal is to bring greater flexibility to negotiations based on the recognition of rights, respect, cooperation and partnership. At these tables, Canada and Indigenous groups can explore new ideas and ways to reach agreements that will recognize the rights of Indigenous groups and advance their vision of self-determination for the benefit of their communities and all Canadians.

These discussions are community-driven and respond to the unique rights, needs and interests of First Nations, Inuit, and Métis groups where existing federal policies have not been able to do so. This may involve:

The priorities identified by Indigenous groups are the starting point for these discussions. Discussions can focus on one priority area or cover many issues.

The process for moving forward is jointly designed by the parties through co-developed agreements (such as Letters of Understanding, Memoranda of Understanding and Framework Agreements).

Under the agreed-upon process, the parties then work to find the common ground for moving ahead in partnership toward a shared and balanced solution.

Canada recognizes that federal policies and approaches will continue to evolve over time and looks forward to working with Indigenous communities to co-develop agreements that work for and benefit the parties.

Discussion tables by region

Indigenous communities currently engaged at a Recognition of Indigenous Rights and Self-Determination discussion table with Canada include those listed below. Discussions are confidential. Key facts and links are provided for discussion tables that have been jointly announced or made public by the parties.

British Columbia

Coastal First Nations
Participating Indigenous communities Seven Coastal First Nations (as represented by the Great Bear Initiative Society): Gitga'at First Nation, Gitxaala Nation, Heiltsuk First Nation, Kitasoo First Nation, Metlakatla First Nation, Nuxalk Nation, and Wuikinuxv Nation
When discussions began 2015
Key milestones On October 11, 2017, the parties signed a Framework Agreement for Fisheries Resources.
Related links Canada and the Coastal First Nations take a step forward in the management of fisheries resources for the central coast of British Columbia
Heiltsuk Nation
Participating Indigenous communities Heiltsuk Nation
When discussions began 2016
Key milestones On January 28, 2017, the parties signed a Framework Agreement for Reconciliation.
Related links Reconciliation in Action: Minister Bennett and Chief Slett sign the Heiltsuk Hai´¿ci´stut Framework Agreement for Reconciliation

Ktunaxa Kinbasket Treaty Council

Métis Nation of British Columbia

Musqueam Indian Band

Okanagan Nation Alliance

Southern Dakelh Nation Alliance

Shuswap Nation Tribal Council

T'aaq-wiihak First Nations

Tsartlip First Nation

Tsilhqot'in Nation
Participating Indigenous communities Tsilhqot'in Nation comprises six communities: Tl'etinqox (Anaham), Tsi Del Del (Alexis Creek/Redstone), Yunesit'in Government (Stone), ?Esdilagh (Alexandria), Xeni Gwet'in First Nations Government (Nemiah) and the Tl'esqox (Toosey Band)
When talks began 2016
Key milestones On January 27, 2017, the parties signed a Letter of Understanding to renew relationships and advance reconciliation.
Related links Tsilhqot'in and Canada take first steps towards reconciliation with signing of Letter of Understanding
Tsleil-Waututh Nation
Participating Indigenous communities Tsleil-Waututh Nation
When talks began 2016
Key milestones On September 4, 2017, the parties signed a Letter of Understanding to renew relationships and advance reconciliation.
Related links Canada and Tsleil-Waututh Nation take steps to advance reconciliation with signing of Letter of Understanding

Alberta

Mikisew Cree First Nation

Métis Nation of Alberta
Participating Indigenous communities Métis Nation of Alberta
When talks began 2016
Provincial/territorial participation Observer to the discussions
Key milestones

On November 16, 2017, the parties signed a Framework Agreement that sets out a process to begin formal negotiations.

The Framework Agreement is the result of exploratory talks held under a Memorandum of Understanding on Advancing Reconciliation signed in January 2017.

Related links

Métis Nation of Alberta

Canada and Métis Nation of Alberta advance reconciliation with signing of Framework Agreement

Metis Settlements General Council

Treaty# 6 First Nations

Saskatchewan

Ocean Man, White Bear and Pheasant Rump Nakota First Nations
Participating Indigenous communities Ocean Man, White Bear and Pheasant Rump Nakota First Nations
When talks began 2016
Provincial/territorial participation Observer to the discussions
Key milestones On May 30, 2017, the parties signed a Memorandum of Understanding.

Whitecap Dakota First Nation

Manitoba

Manitoba Metis Federation
Participating Indigenous communities Manitoba Metis Federation
When talks began 2016
Provincial/territorial participation Observer to the discussions
Key milestones

On November 15, 2016, the parties signed a Framework Agreement that sets out a process to begin formal negotiations.

The Framework Agreement is the result of exploratory talks held under a Memorandum of Understanding signed in May 2016.

Related links

Canada and Manitoba Metis Federation celebrate key milestone on road to reconciliation

Manitoba Metis Federation

Sioux Valley Dakota Nation

Island Lake Tribal Council

Treaty #2

Ontario

Biigetikong Nishnaabeg, Pic Mobert First Nation, Pawgwasheeng, Long Lake No. 58 First Nation, Bingwi Neyaashi Anishinaabek and Biinjitiwaabik Zaaging Anishinaabek

Métis Nation of Ontario
Participating Indigenous communities Métis Nation of Ontario
When talks began 2016
Provincial/territorial participation Observer to the discussions
Key milestones On February 3, 2017, the parties signed a Memorandum of Understanding on Advancing Reconciliation.
Related links Métis Nation of Ontario

Mississaugas of New Credit First Nation

Nishnawbe Aski Nation

Six Nations

United Chiefs & Councils of Mnidoo Mnising

Williams Treaties First Nations
Participating Indigenous communities Williams Treaties First Nations: Alderville First Nation, Beausoleil First Nation, Chippewas of Georgina Island, Chippewas of Rama, Curve Lake First Nation, Hiawatha First Nation, Mississaugas of Scugog Island
When talks began 2016
Provincial/territorial participation Participating in the discussions
Key milestones In February 2017, the parties agreed to a process to begin formal negotiations.
Related links Canada, Ontario and Williams Treaties First Nations take first step towards a negotiated resolution of Alderville litigation

Quebec

Conseil de la Nation Atikamekw

Mohawk Council of Kahnawà:ke

Regroupement Petapan Inc.

Atlantic

Mi'kmaq of the Gaspé region of Quebec

Mi'kmaq of New Brunswick

Mi'kmaq of Prince Edward Island

Mi'kmaq of Nova Scotia

Nunavut

Ahiarmiut (Ennadai Lake Society)

Yukon

Kwanlin Dun First Nation

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