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FOX-C, Ekalugad Fjord, is located on the east coast of Baffin Island in Nunavut. The site was constructed as an intermediate Distant Early Warning (DEW) Line site in 1957 but abandoned in 1963. Environmental and human health risks on the site included batteries, asbestos and liquid hydrocarbons, as well as unexploded ordnances such as blasting caps and dynamite. The site was also littered with non-hazardous debris such as empty barrels, wood, scrap metal and domestic waste.
The remediation plan developed for the site aimed to mitigate and/or control the migration of contamination to the surrounding environment. Therefore, soils with significant contamination or in locations of higher environmental risk were excavated and treated in a landfarm, and soils with lower levels of contamination were remediated in place. Non-hazardous debris was placed in a newly constructed landfill while all hazardous debris was shipped south for disposal.
A detailed health and safety plan was developed prior to the initiation of remediation activities. Safe work practices instituted on the site included having a medic and health and safety officer on-site for the duration of the field season, site orientations for all personnel, and requirements for personal protective equipment to be worn on-site. The contractor also established a health and safety committee and held meetings twice during the season.
Demonstrated socio-economic benefits stemming from the remediation project were achieved for Northerners and Aboriginals. The project was able to achieve Inuit employment levels of over 65% and Inuit sub-contracting levels of over 70%. FOX-C Ekalugad Fiord has been completely remediated and is now undergoing long-term monitoring.