Additions to Reserve

An Addition to Reserve (ATR) is a parcel of land which is added to the existing land base of a First Nation. This process sets apart a particular parcel of land for the use and benefit of the First Nation making the application. The Additions to Reserve/New Reserves Policy (the Policy) allows Additions to Reserve to be proposed:

  • to fulfill an existing legal obligation (such as a Treaty Land Entitlements and negotiated settlements);
  • for community additions (such as normal community growth);
  • for the creation of a new reserve and other additions (including to address a community relocation and economic development);and
  • for additions arising from decisions of the Specific Claims Tribunal.

Expanding the reserve land base through Additions to Reserve is an important mechanism by which First Nations can seek to add parcels to reserve which enhance the function and integrity of the reserve, provide adequate land for community infrastructure, and allow First Nations to benefit from proximity to areas of strong economic activity. Additions to Reserve can help improve community access to land and resources, a necessary step for increased social and economic development for First Nations.

The Additions to Reserve/New Reserves Policy (2001)

The Policy sets out the conditions and issues which must be addressed before land can be added to reserve. There are generally three stages to the process: (1) acquisition of land by the First Nation, (2) stakeholder negotiation and (3) approval of the ATR by the Minister or the Governor in Council.

In order for an ATR proposal to move forward, there are several basic criteria which must be satisfied. Proposals are assessed to ensure:

  • there are no significant environmental concerns;
  • best efforts have been made to address the concerns of municipal and provincial/territorial governments;
  • The proposal is cost-effective and the necessary funding has been identified within operational budgets;
  • third party issues, such as leases and licenses have been addressed and;
  • any public access concerns have been addressed.

If you have additional questions or require further information, please contact one of the AANDC regional offices.

What Other Information is Available?

  • List of Additions to Reserve: 2010
  • List of Additions to Reserve: 2011
  • List of Additions to Reserve: 2012
  • List of Additions to Reserve: 2013
  • List of Additions to Reserve: 2014
  • List of Additions to Reserve: 2015
  • Frequently Asked Questions - Additions to Reserve

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