Surveys on Aboriginal Peoples

Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada, in partnership with Health Canada and Employment and Social Development Canada, funds surveys to help Indigenous communities and organizations, federal, provincial and territorial governments, as well as other interested parties make informed decisions on employment, education, health, language, income, housing and mobility related to First Nation, Inuit and Métis populations living on- and off-reserve and in northern communities.

Core results of the surveys are published online and made accessible to all Canadians. Special requests are subject to access agreements.

Choose a survey:

Surveys for First Nations living off reserve, Inuit and Métis

The Aboriginal Peoples Survey led by Statistics Canada, is an established Canadian survey about the demographic and socio-economic characteristics of Indigenous populations in Canada. Since 2006, the survey has focused on Indigenous populations residing off-reserve.

Aboriginal Peoples Survey 2017

In 2017, the survey will focus on Indigenous participation in the economy but will also continue to collect information about health, language, housing and mobility. Data collection for this survey will begin in mid-January and end in June 2017.

  • factors effecting economic participation
  • labour mobility
  • entrepreneurship
  • post-secondary education
  • targeted skills training
  • sources of income
  • financial well-being
  • physical and mental health
  • sense of belonging

Aboriginal Peoples Survey 2012

In 2012, the survey focused on education and employment characteristics for First Nations people living off-reserve, Inuit and Métis peoples aged six years and older.

Results of the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey

First Nations Information Governance Centre surveys

The First Nations Information Governance Centre runs surveys that collect data on First Nations people of all ages living on-reserve and in northern First Nations communities. The First Nations Regional Early Childhood, Education and Employment Survey and First Nations Labour and Economic Development Survey are similar to, but separate from, the Aboriginal Peoples Survey. They were carried out during roughly the same time periods as the Aboriginal Peoples Surveys held in 2012 and 2017.

First Nations Labour and Economic Development Survey

This new survey will begin in 2018 and will focus on Indigenous participation in the economy, including information on:

  • factors effecting economic participation
  • labour mobility
  • entrepreneurship
  • post-secondary education
  • targeted skills training
  • sources of income
  • financial well-being
  • physical and mental health
  • sense of belonging

First Nations Regional Early Childhood, Education and Employment Survey

Data collection for the First Nations Regional Early Childhood, Education and Employment Survey began in fall 2013 and the full report was released in July 2016.

Results of the First Nations Regional Early Childhood and Development Survey

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