Backgrounder - Surveys on Aboriginal People
Surveys on Aboriginal People
The Surveys on Aboriginal People (SOAP) program is a survey initiative that includes two similar but distinct surveys:
The Aboriginal Peoples Survey
The Aboriginal Peoples Survey is an established Canadian survey dedicated to obtaining information about the demographic and socio-economic characteristics of Aboriginal populations in Canada. First conducted in 1991 to collect information not covered in the 1991 Census of Population, this voluntary, post-censal survey became an essential part of the Aboriginal data landscape and was repeated in 2001 and 2006, mostly for those populations living off reserves.
As in the past, the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey (APS) is being led by Statistics Canada. This survey focuses on education and employment characteristics for First Nations living off reserves, Métis and Inuit peoples. The initial release of the survey results takes place on November 25, 2013 with subsequent data to be made available in phases in the following years (2014-2016).
The First Nations Regional Early Childhood, Education and Employment Survey
New to this cycle, the First Nations Information Governance Centre (FNIGC) is delivering the First Nations Regional Early Childhood, Education and Employment Survey (FNREEES). This survey covers First Nations living on-reserve and in Northern First Nations communities. Data collection for the FNREEES began in Fall 2013 with results expected to be released in 2015.
Purpose and Benefits
As a unique source of information about Aboriginal peoples, the survey helps a wide range of policy and programming decision-makers focus on the needs of Aboriginal communities. The collection of these data will help federal, provincial and territorial governments as well as Aboriginal communities and organizations, and other stakeholders make informed decisions based on current data.
New Focus on Education and Employment
The design of the Surveys on Aboriginal People was specifically modified from previous cycles to produce thematic data in two priority areas: education and employment. This thematic approach will allow for a better observation and understanding of the specific needs associated with improving Aboriginal education and employment outcomes. Additional information on health, language, income, housing and mobility will also be collected to ensure the continuity of the data compiled in past years.
The funding for the Surveys on Aboriginal People is provided by three federal departments: AANDC, Health Canada and Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) who share the common goal of improving the quality of life of Aboriginal people in Canada.
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