Have you applied to join the Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation?
Learn more about the Qalipu Mi’kmaq First Nation enrolment process.
Update on the appeal process
The appeal process is currently underway and appeals are being reviewed by an independent body of Appeal Masters.
Individuals who appealed their decision will begin receiving appeal decision letters beginning in the fall of 2017 through winter 2018. The updated Founding Members List will be finalized by spring 2018.
The Government of Canada and the Federation of Newfoundland Indians recognize that the Qalipu enrolment process will have important implications for individuals involved. If you are experiencing emotional distress and want to talk to someone, please call the First Nations and Inuit Hope for Wellness Help Line at 1-855-242-3310. It's toll-free and open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
The creation of the Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation is an important step forward for the Mi'kmaq people of Newfoundland.
In 2008, the Government of Canada and the Federation of Newfoundland Indians (FNI), the group representing the Mi'kmaq people in that province, signed the Agreement for the Recognition of the Qalipu Mi'kmaq Band (PDF) to establish a landless band for the Mi'kmaq of Newfoundland. In 2013, a Supplemental Agreement was signed by Canada and the FNI as the way forward to assess the overwhelming number of applications for founding membership in the Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation and to resolve issues that emerged in the implementation of the enrolment process.
The Enrolment Committee, equally represented by the FNI and the Government of Canada, completed the review of all applications in January 2017, leading to the appeal process that began on February 1, 2017. Appeals are being reviewed by the independent Chief Appeal Master, Mr. Geoffrey Brown, who was jointly selected by Canada and the FNI. A legal firm has also been contracted by the FNI to provide additional Appeal Masters who will work under the oversight of the Chief Appeal Master.
- What are the next steps in the enrolment process?
- When can I expect a decision on my appeal?
- What should I do if my address has changed?
- Will I be eligible for registration under the Indian Act?
- What should I do if I meet the enrolment criteria?
- What should I do if I do not meet the enrolment criteria?
- What is the status of my administrative review?
- Results of the enrolment review process
- History of the Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation enrolment process
- Contact us
What are the next steps in the enrolment process?
When can I expect a decision on my appeal?
The deadline to appeal the decision was extended from March 31, 2017, to April 13, 2017. Any appeal notices submitted after the deadline were not considered.
Individuals who appealed their decision on time will receive a response from the Appeal Master beginning fall 2017 and through winter 2018. Because these letters are being mailed out as decisions are made, some applicants may receive their letter before or after others. Once you receive a letter on your appeal, read it carefully as it may contain instructions for further action.
What should I do if my address has changed?
If your address has changed since you submitted your original application, please call the INAC Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation line at 1-800-561-2266 or send a signed letter by fax to 1-204-984-3032. Make sure to include:
- your full name
- your date of birth
- your file number from INAC, if available (found at the upper-right corner of a letter from the Enrolment Committee)
- your previous and new mailing addresses
- the effective date of your address change
Will I be eligible for registration under the Indian Act?
What should I do if I meet the enrolment criteria?
If you are currently registered under the Indian Act, no further action is required. Your name will remain on the Founding Members List. If you have not already done so, you can apply for your Secure Certificate of Indian Status (status card).
If you are not currently registered under the Indian Act, you will be contacted by the Indian Registrar when your name is added to the Indian Register. The process for registration is expected to begin in the spring of 2018. Consult: What are the next steps in the enrolment process? After you receive the letter from the Indian Registrar confirming your registration as a status Indian, you will able to access the programs and services available to registered Indians, apply for the Secure Certificate of Indian Status (status card), and apply for the registration of your children under the Indian Act.
Registration of children as Status Indian under the Indian Act: Once Founding Members are registered under the Indian Act, their children are entitled to registration. If the child is not a Founding Member, application for registration (PDF) as an Indian must be made under the Indian Act to Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada.
What should I do if I do not meet the enrolment criteria?
If you are currently registered under the Indian Act, you will remain registered and will not lose your Indian status and benefits until after the Indian Register is amended based on the updated Founding Members List. The process for registration is expected to begin in the spring of 2018. Consult: What are the next steps in the enrolment process?
Following the removal of your name from the Indian Register, you will be contacted by the Indian Registrar. It is only at that time that you will no longer be entitled to program benefits and services, including Non-Insured Health Benefits, designated for registered Indians. The Government of Canada will not seek reimbursement for benefits that you have received while registered as an Indian under the Indian Act.
You may still be eligible to maintain registration under the Indian Act if you are the child (even if you are an adult child) of a Founding Member. If you are eligible to maintain registration, access to program benefits and services will not be affected. You will however receive a letter from the Indian Registrar regarding modifications to your registration category in the spring of 2018, as this entitlement can only come into force once the new Founding Members List is in effect.
What is the status of my administrative review request?
Some applicants whose files were found to be or ineligible on the grounds of self-identification did not have a right to appeal the Enrolment Committee's decision. An administrative review was available to signal that an administrative error may have been made.
If the administrative review found an error had been made in the decision, the Enrolment Committee then assessed the applicant on the remaining eligibility criteria for Founding Membership.
Applicants will be notified of the outcome as decisions are made. If you receive a letter on an administrative review, read it carefully as it may contain instructions for further action.
Results of the enrolment review process
As a result of the Enrolment Committee's review, letters were sent on January 31, 2017 notifying 18,044 applicants of their eligibility for founding membership in the Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation. However, the final list of Founding Members will only be known at the conclusion of the appeal process and officially confirmed through an Order in Council, expected in the spring of 2018. The preliminary results are as follows:
- 13,365 applicants who are on the current Founding Members list will remain eligible for founding membership
- 10,512 applicants who are on the current Founding Members list were found by the joint Enrolment Committee to not meet the criteria under the 2013 Supplemental Agreement for Founding Membership (These individuals will retain their membership until the amendment of the Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation Band Order, expected in the spring of 2018. They are entitled to appeal their decision, the results of which may increase the Founding Members List. Some of those who are no longer eligible for founding membership may still be able to register for membership as a descendant of a Founding Member.)
- 4,679 applicants who were not Founding Members will now be eligible for founding membership (They will gain membership once the amendment of the Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation Band Order is confirmed through an Order in Council in the spring of 2018.)
- 68,134 applicants were not Founding Members and will not be eligible for founding membership
- 3,984 applicants have invalid applications and are therefore not eligible for founding membership
Based on the revised numbers, Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation will continue to be the second largest First Nation by population in Canada. It is anticipated that the membership will be comprised of approximately 95% of people living in Newfoundland and Labrador and 5% living elsewhere in Canada, reflecting the intent of the 2008 Agreement to establish a band composed of individuals having a current and substantial connection to the Mi'kmaq Group of Indians of Newfoundland.
Basis of assessments
As set out in the 2008 Agreement, an individual is eligible to be enrolled as a Founding Member if he or she, in the assessment of the Enrolment Committee:
- is of Canadian Indian ancestry
- is a member of a Newfoundland Pre-Confederation Mi'kmaq Community (or is a descendent of such person)
- was not registered on the Indian Register on the date of the Recognition Order (September 22, 2011)
- self-identified as a Member of the Mi'kmaq Group of Indians of Newfoundland on the date of the Recognition Order, and
- was accepted by the Mi'kmaq Group of Indians of Newfoundland as a member of the Mi'kmaq Group of Indians of Newfoundland on the date of the Recognition Order
Every applicant was required to provide objective evidence to establish that he or she had a current and substantial connection to the Mi'kmaq group of Indians of Newfoundland leading up to and on the date of the September 22, 2011 Recognition Order.
The Government of Canada and the Federation of Newfoundland Indians (FNI) developed a "Point System" to ensure consistency in the evaluation of group acceptance and to assess applicants' connection to the Mi'kmaq group of Indians of Newfoundland. Additional information on the point system can be found in the 2013 Supplemental Agreement.
As per the 2013 Supplemental Agreement, applicants not residing in or around one of the locations of the Mi'kmaq Groups of Indians of Newfoundland were required to provide objective evidence that they have a current and substantial connection to the Mi'kmaq Group of Indians of Newfoundland in order to meet the group acceptance. To fulfil this threshold, the applicant must have maintained a sustained and active involvement in the community despite living away from the location.
The connection had to go beyond close contacts with family members and include participation in the cultural and social life of the Newfoundland communities forming the Mi'kmaq Group of Indians of Newfoundland.
List of locations
List of geographic locations of Mi'kmaq Groups of Indians on the Island of Newfoundland:
|Abraham's Cove||Cox's Cove||Lewisporte||Red Island|
|Appleton||Deer Lake||Lourdes||Sheaves Cove|
|Badger||Flat Bay||Lower Cove||Ship Cove|
|Birchy Bay||Fox Island River||Mainland||Sop's Arm|
|Bishop's Falls||Gallants||Massey Drive||St. Albans|
|Black Duck Brook||Gander||Mattis Point||St. Fintan's|
|Black Duck Siding||Gander Bay South||McIvers||St. George's|
|Boswarlos||Gander Bay North||Meadows||St. Teresa's|
|Brown's Arm||Glenwood||Mount Moriah||Stephenville|
|Buchans||Grand-Falls/Windsor||Norris Arm||Stephenville Crossing|
|Burgeo||Hughes Brook||Northern Arm||Red Island|
|Campbells Creek||Humber Arm South||Pasadena||Three Rock Cove|
|Cape St. George||Kippens||Piccadilly||York Harbour|
|Comfort Cove||Lark Harbour||Point Leamington||Swift Current|
|Corner Brook||Leading Tickles||Port au Port East|
Call us at the INAC Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation toll-free telephone line: 1-800-561-2266
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