ARCHIVED - Water and Wastewater Infrastructure – Investment Report April 2006 – March 2010

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Prepared by: Community Infrastructure Branch/Regional Operations
Date: July 2011

PDF Version   (791 Kb, 57 Pages)

 



Table of Contents



Introduction

The Government of Canada is committed to helping First Nations in the provision of safe, clean, and reliable drinking water. To achieve this goal, Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada (AANDC) provides funding and advice to First Nations to assist them in the design, construction, operation and maintenance of water and wastewater systems. The department also provides funding for the training and certification of water system operators.

Since 2006, the Government of Canada has implemented a comprehensive strategy to mitigate the risks related to water quality in First Nation communities. This long-term strategy is being delivered through investments in infrastructure; enforceable standards and protocols; and capacity and training.

This document provides an overview of roles and responsibilities with respect to water and wastewater on reserves in Canada. It also details investments that have been made in water and wastewater infrastructure (including operations and maintenance) since 2006, and highlights progress that has been made over that same period. After dealing with health and safety and capacity considerations, the document looks ahead to key pieces such as the independent National Assessment of First Nation Water and Wastewater Systems. Throughout, the document highlights a number of communities in which AANDC’s investments in water and wastewater infrastructure have made a real difference.  

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Background

Through the Drinking Water Safety Program, Health Canada works in partnership with more than 600 First Nations communities south of 60° in Canada to ensure drinking water is monitored as per the Guidelines for Canadian Drinking Water Quality  . The prime objective of the joint AANDC-Health Canada First Nations Water and Wastewater Action Plan (FNWWAP) is to support First Nations communities on reserve in bringing their drinking water and wastewater services to a level and quality of service comparable to those enjoyed by other Canadians living in communities of similar size and location. Environment Canada provides advice and guidance on source water protection and sustainable water use. 

Community Success Story:
Kingfisher Lake water treatment plant

Kingfisher, with a registered population of 461 people, 429 on reserve, is situated about 500 kilometres north of Thunder Bay, Ontario. Its water problems date back to 2004 when a drinking water advisory was put in place because of equipment malfunction resulting in inadequate chlorination. In 2006 it was one of 21 priority communities identified as having both a high-risk drinking water system and a drinking water advisory in place.

The problem has since been addressed through a $9 million investment which went towards the commissioning of an upgraded water treatment plant. The Grand Opening Ceremony of the newly updated water treatment plant was held on September 9, 2009.The upgrades to the water treatment plant have resulted in consistent acceptable treated water quality results.

As owners, First Nations are responsible for the daily operation and management of their systems, which includes the design, construction, operation, maintenance, and monitoring of their water systems. They receive funding from AANDC and have some discretion with respect to how that funding is allocated.  First Nation authorities also issue Drinking Water Advisories in First Nation communities, usually on the recommendation of Health Canada, or on their own initiative in emergency situations.

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Investments in Water and Wastewater Infrastructure

Between 2006-07 and 2012-13, the Government of Canada will have spent approximately $2.5 billion to support First Nation communities improve water and wastewater systems (planned spending as announced).

Government of Canada Planned Funding for Water and Wastewater Treatment by Initiative (2005-2006 to 2012-2013)

Government of Canada Planned Funding for Water and Wastewater Treatment by Initiative (2005-2006 to 2012-2013)

Text description of this image is available on a separate page.

This includes approximately $1.25 billion in water and wastewater infrastructure funding AANDC transferred to First Nations and First Nation organizations, between April 1, 2006 and March 31, 2010 (detailed in Annex A). These investments were made through AANDC’s Capital Facilities and Maintenance Program, First Nations Water and Wastewater Action Plan, and Canada’s Economic Action Plan. In December 2010 AANDC funded 750 water systems and 456 wastewater systems on reserve. The department also supports several agreements to purchase water and wastewater services from neighbouring jurisdictions. Self-governing First Nations own and operate additional water and wastewater systems. The National Assessment of First Nation Water and Wastewater Systems assessed 807 water systems and 532 wastewater systems, including privately funded systems and those providing services from off-reserve.   

The $1.25 billion total included approximately $820 million in capital expenditures, covering activities such as development of new water and wastewater systems, upgrades of existing systems, system repairs, feasibility studies, and related activities. This capital expenditure funded the completion of 130 major projects that cost over $1.5 million each (Annex B). This does not include projects that were still underway at the end of March 2010.

Major water and wastewater projects can include feasibility studies, design, construction and commissioning, and may be completed over the course of several years. The projects completed between 2006-07 and 2009-10 include construction of new water and wastewater treatments facilities, construction of storage facilities, expansions to existing systems, and distribution systems, including the servicing of lots for new home construction. For more detail please see Annex B.

Investments also included approximately $431 million contributed towards the costs of the operation and maintenance of water and wastewater facilities. The chart below shows a region-by-region breakdown. For more detail please see Annex A.

AANDC Investments in First Nation Water and Wastewater Infrastructure
(April 1, 2006 - March 31, 2010)

Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada Investments in Nation Water and Wasterwater Infrastructure (April 1, 2006 - March 31, 2010)

Text description of this image is available on a separate page.

The following chart highlights the significant capital investments made in water and wastewater systems on-reserve, and the related operations & maintenance funding.

Drinking Water and Wastewater System Funding to First Nations
(April 1, 2006 - March 31, 2010)

Drinking Water and Wasterwater System Funding to First Nations (April 1, 2006 - March 31, 2010)

Text description of this image is available on a separate page.

As of December 2010, these investments supported the construction, operation and maintenance of 750 water systems and 456 wastewater systems on reserve. The distribution of these systems across the country is shown in the chart below.

AANDC-funded Systems (December 2010)

Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada-funded Systems (December 2010)

Text description of this image is available on a separate page.

The chart does not include water and wastewater system funding for self-governing First Nations, nor does it include cases in which a First Nation has a water and/or wastewater service agreement with a neighbouring municipality.

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Highlights - Success since 2006

Since 2006, a number of successes have been achieved:

Making a Difference: Regional Examples


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Considerations

Health and Safety

Provincial regulations related to water do not apply on reserve land. Standards for drinking water and wastewater systems in First Nation communities are set through protocols which are only enforceable through funding agreements between AANDC and First Nations. Unlike regulations, the protocols are not legally enforceable; legislation would be required in order to create a legal basis for compliance and enforcement. The department has established three protocols which set out standards for design, construction, operation, maintenance, and monitoring of water and wastewater systems on reserve:

To ensure that on-reserve residents enjoy comparable standards of health and safety as neighbouring off-reserve residents, the department's protocols indicate that if a local provincial standard or regulation is more stringent than the requirement of the protocols, that the more stringent provincial requirements must be met.

Community Success Story: Dene Tha’ Water System

Dene Tha' has a registered population of 2,493 people with 1,799 on reserve. It is located 812 kilometres northwest of Edmonton, Alberta and has three primary reserves that are occupied by community members. Water problems in the community of Chateh were identified in 2005 when drinking water advisories were put in place because of unacceptable turbidity or particle counts. AANDC evaluated the community water systems and determined that upgrades were required to the Chateh Water Treatment Plant and that operators needed training and certification. In 2006 Dene Tha’ was one of 21 priority communities identified as having both a high-risk drinking water system and a drinking water advisory in place.

$6 million has been invested under Canada’s Economic Action Plan towards the construction of a new water system for Chateh which will replace the existing water treatment plant. Construction was completed on a new raw water reservoir and the water intake pipe was also replaced. Repairs were also completed on the existing water plant, fire pump and water main to optimize the existing plant. All remaining work was completed by March 2011.

Health Canada’s Procedure Manual for Safe Drinking Water in First Nations Communities South of 60° [Note 1] assists First Nations in the operational steps to meet the Guidelines for Canadian Drinking Water Quality   which set out the requirements for water safety.

Annual inspections of water systems, to evaluate asset condition and system risk  have been a requirement of the Protocol for Centralised Drinking Water Systems in First Nations Communities since it was first introduced in 2006. System risk scores are an overall system management risk, and not a measure of current water quality or safety. It is the risk that, in the event of a problem, the system would fail to produce safe water. A high risk system is usually still producing safe water. Risk is assessed for 5 aspects of a water or wastewater system; these categories are:

Design risk is the only factor directly influenced by the large capital cost of building a treatment system. Operation and maintenance (O&M), operator qualification, and record keeping account for 60% of the risk measured through this approach. This highlights that although design and construction are an important cost, once a system is built, ensuring that it continues to produce safe water for a community is dependent on the people operating the system.

The level of implementation of the requirement for annual inspections has varied since the Protocol for Centralised Drinking Water Systems in First Nations Communities was introduced in 2006. AANDC is moving to address the issue, as well as supporting communities in meeting new requirements under the Protocol for Centralised Wastewater Systems in First Nations Communities.


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Capacity

To support management capacity, the department provides First Nations with ongoing Operations and Maintenance (O&M) funding for the systems First Nations built with department funding. "Operations" encompasses the performance of work or services and the provision of materials and energy to ensure the day-to-day proper functioning of an asset (e.g., the work activities and associated chemicals and fuel to run a water treatment plant). "Maintenance" encompasses the work performed on an asset such as a water treatment plant to preserve it as near to its original or renovated condition as is practical.

Given the importance of operating and maintaining systems, and of training the people who perform this operation and maintenance, the department provides funding to First Nations and First Nation technical organizations to support the Circuit Rider Training Program (CRTP), which is an important vehicle by which First Nation operators receive ongoing, on-site training and mentoring on how to operate their drinking water and wastewater systems. This program provides qualified experts who rotate through a circuit of First Nation communities, providing hands-on training for the operators on their own systems. Circuit Rider Trainers also help the First Nations with minor troubles and issues related to the operation and maintenance of their systems.

Community Success Story: Water Treatment
Operators in Moricetown, BC

Floyd Naziel at the water treatment plant
 Floyd Naziel at the water
 treatment plant

For the water treatment operators in Moricetown, a small First Nation community in northwestern British Columbia, ensuring good water quality is a full-time job. It's a weighty responsibility and one that an upgraded water treatment plant has made that much easier to manage.

Six years ago, Moricetown was under a boil-water advisory. The water treatment plant at the time didn't have the capacity to supply the entire community with drinking water and couldn't reliably remove harmful bacteria. The community did frequent water quality tests, but these had to be shipped to nearby Prince Rupert for analysis and it took weeks to get the results. The Moricetown Band recognized the need for action, but they weren't quite sure what form it should take.

A consultant suggested they upgrade the rapid-filtration treatment method to a slow sand system. They followed that advice and haven't looked back since. The Moricetown slow sand treatment plant is the first to be built on-reserve, but it likely won't be the last.

Water treatment operators Floyd Naziel and Clayton Michell monitor the plant on-site and remotely 24 hours a day, seven days a week, to ensure the water meets the standards outlined in the Guidelines for Canadian Drinking Water Quality. The Circuit Rider Training Program, provided through Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, offers newer operators ongoing training and mentorship by highly experienced and certified operators. Circuit Riders work directly with operators through on-site visits, providing advice on how to streamline and properly maintain their operations. "I know if I have any questions or if we have problems, I can call our Circuit Rider," said Michell.

The CRTP, which costs approximately $10 million per year, provides one-on-one training by qualified trainers to First Nation operators to operate and maintain drinking water and wastewater systems in their communities. Operators learn how to operate, service, and maintain the drinking water and wastewater systems in their communities, rather than an unfamiliar system in a far-off training centre. The department has increased funding to hire more Circuit Rider Trainers (CRTs) to ensure CRTP services are available to all First Nation communities. In 2009, 11 additional CRTs were hired, bringing the total number to 65. Moreover, the number of water treatment system operators who had achieved the first level of certification or greater increased from 35% of all operators (392 operators) in November 2006 to 60% of all operators (683 operators) as of March 2010.

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Looking Forward

In the summer of 2009, the Government of Canada initiated the National Assessment of First Nation Water and Wastewater Systems in order to conduct a detailed assessment of existing public and private water and wastewater facilities operating in First Nation communities across the country. It will support the development of strategies to address the current and future water and wastewater needs of First Nations.

This will contribute towards the existing comprehensive strategy to mitigate the risks related to water quality in First Nations communities, based on investments in infrastructure; enforceable standards and protocols; and capacity and training.

Graph 01-eng




Annex A




Annex B

Water and Wastewater Projects Above $1.5 million Completed 2006-2007 to 2009-2010

Region First Nation /
First Nation
Organization
# of projects over $1.5M Project
name(s)
Project cost(s) Fiscal Year Project Completed Project
Description(s)
ATLANTIC
Atl LENNOX ISLAND 1 Lennox Island Water and Wastewater Project $8,000,000 2009/2010 Design and construction of a water supply, sewage collection and treatment system. The water project portion included the installation of water distribution lines, construction of water storage tower, water supply and treatment system including well development and pumphouse construction. The wastewater portion included the construction of a lagoon and installation of wastewater collection lines.
Atl WAGMATCOOK 1 Wagmatcook Reservoir and New Water Source $2,710,000 2007/2008 Construction of a new well and water storage reservoir and installation of water lines.
QUEBEC
QC CONSEIL DE LA PREMIERE NATION ABITIBIWINNI 1 Water supply and wastewater rehabilitation $2,821,896 2009/2010 Design and construction of the network for water supply and wastewater treatment. New intake channel for water supply from Amos required. Construction of a discharge pipeline to the wastewater treatment plant in Amos. The existing community water treatment plant is outdated.
QC CONSEIL DES
ATIKAMEKW
DE WEMOTACI
1 Drinking water supply capacity $1,840,000 2007/2008 Expand / increase the capacity of the Wemotaci drinking water reserve.
QC EAGLE VILLAGE
FIRST NATION
- KIPAWA
1 Drinking water system supply - QD12 $4,697,000 2009/2010 Conduct land studies / planning studies / environmental assessment / plans and specifications for the drinking water supply project. Construction work includes: a raw water pumping station, a raw water pipeline, a new 600 m3 storage reservoir, an MS-Filter treatment system, a related building.
QC MOHAWKS OF
KAHNAWA:KE
2 1) Wastewater treatment rehabilitation

2) Drinking water
1) $1,820,712
2) $3,500,000
1) 2009/2010
2)2009/2010
1) Rehabilitation project of the wastewater treatment system. Phase 1 completed.
2) Construction of a new water treatment plant with membrane filtration and construction of a new drinking water storage reservoir with a 300 m3 capacity. The treatment system includes three microfiltration membrane units and 3 units of UV disinfection units. The existing tanks will be retained and connected to the new facilities.
QC MONTAGNAIS DE MASHTEUIATSH 1 Drinking water treatment rehabilitation $4,406,100 2007/2008 Construction of a water treatment plant that can be used for current and future Mashteuiatsh community members.
QC MONTAGNAIS
DE UNAMEN SHIPU
1 Drinking water treatment rehabilitation $8,848,896 2009/2010 Expansion of water treatment plants and its implementation.
QC PAKUA SHIPI 2 1) Drinking water treatment rehabilitation
2) Wastewater treatment rehabilitation
1) $6,735,968
2) $4,060,262 
1) 2008/2009
2) 2008/2009
1) Construction of a new water treatment plant.
2) Rehabilitation project of the wastewater treatment system.
ONTARIO
ON ATTAWAPISKAT BAND 1 Subdivision Servicing $2,362,300 2006/2007 Infrastructure servicing to 75 residential lots, including water distribution, road network, electrification, and wastewater connections.
ON BEARSKIN LAKE BAND 1 Water Treatment Plant Upgrade $2,380,275 2007/2008 Removal of the old water treatment unit; office modifications; placement of bollards; grating replacements over clarifiers; leaky roof repairs; piping and equipment labelling; and, clean out of the lower lift pump station.
ON

BIINJITIWAABIK
ZAAGING ANISHINAAB

1 Rocky Bay Water Treatment Plant $1,781,736 2008/2009 Existing system had many deficiencies and failed to comply with standards. Water treatment plant upgraded to provide a safe and reliable potable water supply to accommodate the growth of the community.
ON CHIPPEWAS
OF THE
THAMES 1ST NATION
1 Infiltration Gallery for Water Services $2,498,900 2006/2007 Constructed an infiltration gallery to increase water supply to the treatment system.
ON HENVEY INLET BAND 1 Water System Upgrade $4,752,200 2006/2007 Construction of a water treatment plant, elevated storage reservoir and distribution mains.
ON KEE-WAY-WIN BAND 1 Water Treatment Plant $8,730,400 2008/2009 Construction of a conventional chemical water treatment plant and a lake intake.
ON KINGFISHER
BAND
1 Water Treatment Plant Upgrade $7,505,000 2008/2009 New water treatment plant with dual train conventional filtration system and expansion capacity for a further third train to produce water that meets Ontario Drinking Water Regulation 170/03, and to house new high lift pumps sized for 20 year demand. Provides storage for treated water (fire), provides for emergency back-up power to the building. Also included a new truck fill station.
ON MATTAGAMI
BAND
1 Water Treatment Plant Upgrade $2,758,883 2007/2008 Upgrades to existing water treatment plant with modifications including Iron and Manganese removal system. New drilled wells and UV treatment added to system.
ON MISSISSAUGAS
OF NEW CREDIT
1 Water Main Extension Phase 3 $1,522,306 2009/2010 To connect homes on Second Line and Townline Road the water system.
ON MOHAWKS OF THE
BAY OF QUINTE
1 Wastewater Collection and Treatment System (Peatland System) $1,603,418 2007/2008 Provide service to the Quinte Mohawk School and provide future service to the planned subdivision which will be located just north of the school. This new wastewater treatment system replaced the old lagoon system that previously provided service to the school.
ON MOOSE DEER
POINT BAND
2 1) Interim Water Treatment Plant Upgrade
2) Water Treatment Plant
1) $2,272,500
2) $22,012,013
1) 2007/2008
2) 2010/2011
1) Interim water treatment plant upgrades. 2) Construction of a new water treatment plant and elevated water storage system.
ON MUSKRAT DAM
LAKE BAND
1 Water Servicing $2,394,700 2006/2007 Muskrat Dam Servicing Extension II designed and constructed water distribution lines and sewage collection lines to service existing homes and provide serviced lots for future home construction.
ON NIPISSING
FIRST NATION
1 Garden Village Subvision $14,326,928 2008/2009 Infrastructure servicing for a 120 lot subdivision.
ON NORTHWEST
ANGLE
NO 33 BAND
1 Water Treatment Plant/Servicing (Dog Paw) $1,566,366 2008/2009 Design and construction of a new water treatment plant. Road extension and water distribution line to service 23 lots.
ON OCHIICHAGWE'
BABIGO'INING
FIRST NATION BAND
1 Water Treatment Plant $1,500,000 2006/2007 Construction of potable water treatment and water distribution system including a storage reservoir  for fire protection and components of a water distribution system to service the community of Ochiichagwe'babigo'ining.
ON RED ROCK BAND 1 Water Treatment Plant $5,927,176 2009/2010 Project included construction of a new building, membrane treatment system, and extension of three phase power from Nipigon to the new plant in Red Rock.
ON SAUGEEN FIRST NATION 1 Water Treatment Plant $13,644,042 2009/2010 Planning, design and construction of a pumping station, water distribution system and an elevated storage reservoir.
ON SERPENT RIVER BAND 1 Water System Upgrades $1,848,000 2006/2007 Connection of 4 small pumphouse systems.
ON WALPOLE ISLAND BAND 1 Water Treatment Plant $4,718,100 2006/2007 Design and construction of a new water treatment plant.
ON WASAUKSING
FIRST NATION
1 Water Treatment Plant and Distribution $9,244,755 2010/2011 Extension of the existing water distribution system and construction of a truck fill station.
ON WEBEQUIE 1 Servicing Upgrade (Water and Sewer) $5,667,477 2009/2010 Upgrades to the community water treatment plant and wastewater treatment plant including the water treatment plant pilot testing.
ON WHITEFISH RIVER BAND 1 Water Treatment Plant and Storage & Fire Protection $7,007,400 2010/2011 Construction of a water treatment plant and storage reservoir.
MANITOBA
MB FISHER RIVER BAND 2 1)  Water Treatment and Distribution System
2) Wastewater Treatment and Sewage Collection System
$15,037,000 2009/2010 Design and construction of a new water treatment facility and new water distribution to provide fire protection to the townsite area. Design and construction of new wastewater treatment facility and sewage collection sytem. Provide service to approximately 70 existing residences/community buildings.
MB FOX LAKE 1 Water/Sewer Phase 1 $5,055,900 2006/2007 Design and construction of new liftstations to replace exisitng effluent tanks, new raw water delivery system, and an upgrade to the existing water treatment plant.
MB GARDEN HILL
FIRST NATION
1 Water/Sewer Upgrade $26,757,400 2008/2009 Design and construction of a sewage treatment plant and sludge drying beds, construction of a 4 bay water and sewer truck garage, purchase of a new sewage pumpout truck, and repairs to the existing sewage mains.
MB KEESEEKOOWENIN 1 New Aerated Lagoon $3,638,800 2006/2007 Design and construction of an aerated lagoon system and aeration building, access road truck turnaround and spillway, liftstation, outfall piping, new sewage truck garage, and a new sewage truck.
MB MOSAKAHIKEN
CREE NATION
BAND
1 New WTP & Lagoon Project/Lot Servicing/FNWWAP $15,569,800 2008/2009 Design and construction of a new lagoon, decommissioning of existing lagoon, connection of existing sewermains to lagoon, new community water treatment plant and water supply, watermain and sewermain service to the new school, new water truck garage and new sewer truck garage.
MB NISICHAWAYASIHK
CREE NATION
1 Harts Point Water and sewer extension $3,458,000 2008/2009 Design and installation of approximately 1,350 m of watermains and sewermains and associated work to service 37 residences at a new subdivision at Harts Point.
MB OPASKWAYAK
CREE NATION
1 Water/Sewer Upgrade $8,889,500 2006/2007 Upgrade of the community water supply, provide water and sewer service connections to residential and commercial developments at reserve parcels 21A, 21C,21D,21I and 21N by connection to the Carrot River Valley Regional Water Sytem. Provide water and sewer service to 72 new lots, provide water and sewer service to new Middle High School, and restore sewer system in Umperville area.
MB PINAYMOOTANG
FIRST NATION
1 Lagoon  $8,200,000 2009/2010 New lagoon and access road, forcemain to new lagoon, connection between school and new forcemain, new truck dump station connected to forcemain, and decommissioning of existing lagoon.
MB ROLLING RIVER
FIRST NATION
1 Water Treatment Plant Expansion $4,353,800 2008/2009 Design and construction of and expansion to the existing water treatment building, expansion of the treated water reservoir, expansion to the water treatment sytem, and purchase of a new water delivery truck.
MB SAGKEENG
FIRST NATION
1 Lagoon & Associated Works $2,510,000 2007/2008 Design and construction of an expansion to existing lagoon at the South Shore community, new truck dump facility at South Shore lagoon, and realignment of the existing outfall at South Shore lagoon.
MB SHAMATTAWA 1 Water/Sewer $5,620,600 2008/2009 Design and construction of an expansion to existing sewage treatment plant, conversion of existing lagoon primary cell to sludge lagoon, 2 new liftstations, new forcemain from liftstation to sewage treatment plant, 6,410 metres of watermain distribution system, 5,775 metres of gravity sewage collection system and 61 service connections to existing homes and 22 service connections for future homes.
MB SIOUX VALLEY
DAKOTA NATION
1 Aerated Lagoon and Sewer Main Extension $7,035,800 2006/2007 Upgrade to the existing community infrastructure sytems to provide a new wastewater treatment facility and an extension to the existing sewermains to service approximately 50 existing houses and community  buildings.
SASKATCHEWAN
SK BIG ISLAND LAKE
CREE NATION
2 1) Well & Water Treatment Plant 
2) Lagoon
1) $2,745,000
2) $2,515,000
2006/2007
2009/2010
Design and construction of a new well & water treatment plant and a new lagoon
SK BIG RIVER BAND 1 Lagoon $2,055,000 2009/2010 Design and construction of a new lagoon.
SK BIRCH NARROWS
FIRST NATION BAND
1 Subdivision $3,208,000 2007/2008 Design and construction of a new sewage pumping station and serviced subdivision lots for future housing infill.
SK BLACK LAKE BAND 1 Water Pumphouse $1,620,000 2009/2010 Planning, design and construction of a new Raw Water Pumphouse.   Project included emergency pumping and other work required to ensure the water supply was maintained until the new pumphouse was built.
SK CANOE LAKE BAND 2 1) Lagoon
2) Sewage Pump Station
$6,363,000 2009/2010 Design and construction of a sewage pumping station and new lagoon.
SK CARRY THE
KETTLE BAND
1 Low Pressure Water System $1,750,000 2009-2010 Cost shared the design and construction of a low pressure water system to connect 170 homes currently on  trucked water.
SK CLEARWATER RIVER
DENE BAND
1 Water Treatment Plant $2,150,000 2009/2010 Planning design & construction of water treatment plant upgrades to increase capacity to meet Canadian Drinking Water Quality Guidelines and construction of a new groundwater well with controls and appurtenances to meet the community's ten year projected demands.
SK COTE FIRST
NATION 366
2 1) Water Treatment Plant
2) Subvision
1) $2,895,000
2) $2,650,000
1) 2009/2010
2)2009/2010
1. Groundwater search for a new raw water supply and development of a new community well. Design and construction of new well, raw water pipeline and a new treatment system for the new supply as determined by the water quality. 2. Design and construction of the second expansion to the Badgerville subdivision for housing infill.
SK CUMBERLAND HOUSE CREE NATION BAND 1 Subdivision Drainage 1) $4,597,000 1) 2009/2010 Design and construct improved drainage and develop 93 new lots in the Pemmican Portage Subdivision for housing infill.
SK FISHING LAKE FIRST NATION BAND 3 1) Subdivision
2) Subdivision
3) Water treatment Plant
1) $1,445,000
2) $2,275,000
3) $2,430,000
1) 2007/2008
2) 2007/2008
3) 2007/2008
1. Design and construction of a 32 lot subdivision for housing infill. 2. Design and construction of stages 3 and 4 of the Subdivision development for housing infill. 3. Planning, design and construction of an upgrade to the community water treatment plant to include Pilot Plant Testing, Remedial Well Work, Demineralization Equipment, Reservoir, Filters, Standby Pump, Generator, Mechanical, Electrical, Concentrate Disposal, Building Upgrade and Three Phase Power Supply Extension.
SK FLYING DUST
FIRST NATION
2 1) New Lagoon
2) Subdivision Extension
1) $2,095,000
2) $2,130,000
1) 2008/2009
2) 2009/2010
1. Planning, design and construction of a two-celled sewage lagoon, sewage pumping station #2 upgrades, sewage force main, all-weather access road and outlet ditch. 2. Design and construction of a subdivision expansion of approximately 30 serviced lots for housing infill.
SK FOND DU
LAC BAND
1 Lagoon 1) $6,215,000 1) 2009/2010 Feasibility, design and construction of sewage forcemain, lagoon, lagoon liner, miscellaneous items, sewage pumping station, existing lagoon repairs, lagoon decommissioning and legal survey.
SK GORDON BAND 1 Water Treatment Plant Expansion 1) $2,305,000 2008/2009 Design and construction of an expansion of the existing water storage reservoir and water treatment plant building. Addition included an office and laboratory.
SK HATCHET
LAKE BAND
1 Lagoon Desludge 1) $1,831,000 2009/2010 Design and construction of a new sewage pumping station and desludging of the existing lagoon.
SK KAHKEWISTAHAW BAND 1 Water Treatement Plant Upgrade 1) $2,516,000 1) 2009/2010 Design and construction of the Water Treatment Plant Demineralization Upgrade and Waste Water Lagoon Expansion.
SK KEESEEKOOSE BAND 1 Well / Water Treatement Plant Upgrade 1) $3,233,000 1) 2009/2010 Planning, design and construction and back-up community well and upgrading of the existing well. Design and construction of upgrades to the existing water treatment plant including a building expansion, controls, pumping, piping, filters and fire pump upgrades.
SK LAC LA RONGE BAND 6 1) Bell's Point Subdivision
2) Sucker River Subdivision Stage 2
3) Morin Lake Subdivision
4) Stanely Mission Lagoon
5) Loon Lake Subdivision
6) Regional Water Upgrade-Expansion
1) $2,120,000
2) $1,504,000
3) $2,068,000
4) $2,530,000
5) $2,848,000
6) $4,425,000
1) 2007/2008
2) 2005/2006
3) 2006/2007
4) 2007/2008
5) 2008/2009
6) 2009/2010
1. Construction of 64 lots including water and sewer mains, service connections, fire hydrants, etc. 2. Construction of a 33 lot subdivision including water & sewer mains, service connections, fire hydrants, etc. 3. Construction of a 40 lot subdivision including water & sewer mains, service connections, fire hydrants,etc.. 4. Construction of an expansion to the  treatment capacity of the existing lagoon. 5. Construction of 72 serviced lots including water, sewer, service connections, hydrants, etc. 6. Construction of an upgrade of existing water supply facilities for both the town and the Bell's Point water reservoir and construction of connecting pipe line from the town through Kistakie to the village. Decommissioning treatment at the village plant.
SK LITTLE PINE BAND 1 Sewage Pumping Station Upgrade $2,201,000 2009/2010 Design and construct an increase the pumping capacity of the sewage lift station and capacity of the sewage forcemain.
SK MAKWA SAHGAIEHCAN
F. N. BAND
1 Subdivision $1,686,000 2007/2008 Planning, design, and construction of Subdivision Phase III. Included 50 serviced lots, 150 mm water mains, 200mm sewer mains, 50 service connections, fire hydrants, roadways, drainage, lot grading, street lights, primary power and legal survey.
SK MONTREAL
LAKE BAND
2 1) Bittern Division Subdivision 2) Little Red Subdivision 1) $5,931,000
2) $2,506,000
1) 2009/2010
2) 2007/2008
1. Development of a new 238 lot subdivision including water and sewer mains, service connections, fire hydrants, roadways, drainage, primary power, streetlights, lot grading and legal survey. Preliminary work will involve a site survey and geotechnical investigation. Stage #1 would be 81 lots. 2. Design and construction of the Stage II Little Red River subdivision expansion.
SK OCHAPOWACE BAND 1 Lagoon / Water treatement plant $1,810,000 2006/2007 Feasibility, design and construction of an expansion to the existing water treatment plant and an upgrade to the existing lagoon.
SK ONE ARROW BAND 1 Water Pump Upgrade / Subdivision / $1,300,000 2009/2010 Design and construct a new subdivision (Stage #2 - Phase II) adjacent to the existing subdivision (Stage #2 – Phase I) consisting of approximately 52 lots to accommodate future growth. This will included water and sewer mains, connection to existing sewage pumping station, service connections, fire hydrants, roadways, drainage, lot grading, primary power, street lighting and legal survey.
SK ONION LAKE BAND 3 1) New Subdivision
2) Elevated Reservoir
3) Lagoon Expansion
1) $1,500,000,00
2) $4,135,000,00
3) $1,970,000,00
1) 2009/2010
2) 2009/2010
3) 2008/2009
1. The project is for design and construction of a 300 lot serviced subdivision north of the Chief Taylor core area. The project includes a water main connection from the new elevated reservoir, gravity sewer to a new expanded sewage pump station and force-main to the Chief Taylor Lagoon  2. Design and construction of an elevated reservoir and fire flow upgrades. 3. Design and construct and expansion to the existing Onion Lake lagoon.
SK PASQUA FIRST NATION #79 1 Lagoon $2,755,000 2007/2008 Feasibility, Design and construction of a new lagoon.
SK PELICAN
LAKE BAND
1 Subdivision $2,190,000 2006/2007 Planning, design, and construction of subdivision expansion. This would include 50 serviced lots, 150 mm water mains, 200mm sewer mains, 50 service connections, fire hydrants, roadways, drainage, lot grading, street lights, primary power and legal survey.
SK PETER BALLANTYNE CREE NATION 3 1) Southend Lagoon
2) Sandy Water Treatment Plant
3) Sturgeon Weir
1) $6,595,000
2) $3,991,000
3) $4,800,000
1) 2006/2007
2) 2008/2009
3)2007/2008
1. Feasibility, design and construction of: new lagoon, lagoon access road, sewage forcemain, sewage pumping station, drainage work, decommissioning of existing lagoon, and decommissioning of the existing sewage pumping station No. 1. 2. Design and construction of an upgrade to the water treatment plant including raw water supply works, additional reservoir, building addition, treatment plant, pumping and the required mechanical and electrical components . 3. Planning, design and construction of piped water and sewer system. This would include water source development, water treatment, storage, pumping, water and sewer mains, 30 service connections, fire hydrants, roadways, drainage, lot grading, primary power, street lights, legal survey, lift station, force main and lagoon to service the newly acquired reserve lands.
SK PIAPOT BAND 1 Water Treatment Plant Expansion $4,155,000 2009/2010 The scope of this project includes the expansion of water treatment plant complete with new distribution pumps, washroom and office/laboratory addition and expansion of the treated water storage reservoir. The project also includes the locating, drilling, completing of a backup raw water supply well approximately 5.0 kilometres north east of the existing WTP. The project also includes the design and construction of a new raw water supply line from the new backup well location to the existing WTP.
SK RED EARTH BAND 2 1) Natacam Subdivision
2) Drainage
1) $3,620,000
2) $2,111,000
1) 2009/2010
2) 2008/2009
1. Design and construction of Stage #2 which will provide piped sewer to 18 existing houses and provide piped water and sewer services to 38 additional lots. Subdivision will provide water and sewer mains, service connections, fire hydrants, roadways, drainage, lot grading, primary power, street lights, and legal survey. 2. Planning, design, construction of drainage improvements to Red Earth and Carrot River community core areas.
SK THUNDERCHILD FIRST NATION 1 Water treatment plant upgrade $3,700,000 2009/2010 The water treatment plant upgrade and lagoon expansion including building and reservoir addition as well as treatment and distribution improvements.
SK WATERHEN
LAKE BAND
2 1) Water treatment plant upgrade
2) Subdivision
1) $3,233,100
2)$1,515,000
1) 2009/2010
2) 2006/2007
1. Feasibility, Design and construction of a water treatment plant expansion. 2. Design and construction of a 40 lot subdivision for housing infill
SK WHITECAP DAKOTA FIRST NATION BAND 1 Lagoon Repairs $2,105,000 2006/2007 Planning, design and construction of a new two cell lined lagoon on the site of the existing lagoon. The lagoon will serve both reserve core community as well as the reserve commercial operations, golf course, casino, and future hotel. The project included two new cells, both with HDPE liners, force mains, dump chute, fencing, roadway, seeding, and decommissioning of old lagoon cells.
ALBERTA
AB BLOOD BAND 1 Standoff Sewage Lagoon $2,663,224 2009/2010 The AANDC-funded portion of this project is complete. This project is to provide additional sanitary sewage treatment capacity for the community. The current amount of sewage generated by the community exceeds the capacity of the existing treatment system. Expansion of the lagoon is necessary to produce clean effluent and to facilitate future population growth. Construction will include earthworks to enlarge the facultative and storage cells as well as provide two anaerobic cells for better treatment. Note - Additional funding has been requested from AANDC for the final stages of this project.
AB DENE THA' BAND 1 Chateh Water System $4,700,476 2007/2008 To expand the raw water reservoir. Phase 1 was the construction of a new large storage cell #2.   Phase 2 will be the reconstruction and expansion of the existing storage cell #1 with the addition of an HDPE liner. The new storage cell #2 was constructed with a volume of 165,000  cu m. and the expansion of Cell #1 will have a volume of 55,000 cu. m.
AB LESSER SLAVE LAKE IND REG COUNCIL 2 1) Sucker Creek Water Line Intake
2)Swan River Water Distribution
1) $5,576,010
2) $3,167,930
1) 2008/2009
2) 2008/2009
1) New intake line into Lesser Slave Lake and a new raw water pumphouse as well as decommissioning of existing intake pumphouse.
2) Construction of a connection to the regional water line followed by a meter vault, water storage reservoir and pumphouse. Phase 2 will include construction of a water main connection and a water main loop to the existing school, band office, health centre and the group home.
AB SIKSIKA NATION BAND 1 Shouldice Regional Water Line $3,256,588 2009/2010 Construction of a water line from the Washington to Shouldice communities.
AB STONEY 1 Stoney Eden Valley Septic System $1,943,801 2009/2010 Upgrades to the wastewater disposal system to address the continuing sewage backflows at the Chief Jacob School.
BRITISH COLUMBIA
BC ?AKISQ'NUK FIRST NATION 1 Community Water Supply $5,429,958 2009/2010 Construction of water treatment facility and installation of water lines.
BC DOUGLAS 1 Tipella Water System Upgrade $1,485,525 2009/2010 Construction of a new well, pumphouse/chlorination station, new bolted steel reservoir and distribution mains.
BC ESKETEMC 1 Sewage Disposal Improvements $1,868,406 2009/2010 Construction of wastewater collection system, pumping station and treatment facility.
BC GITKSAN LOCAL SERVICES SOCIETY 2 1) Gitwangak - Sanitary Sewage System
2) Gitanyow -Sanitary Sewage System
$19,792,508 2009/2010 1) Construction of wastewater collection system, pumping station and treatment facility. 2) Construction of wastewater collection system, pumping station and treatment facility.
BC GWA'SALA NAK WAXDAXW and KWAKIUTL (2 First Nations) 1 Wastewater and Water Treatment Upgrade $1,588,703 2009/2010 Contribution towards upgrade of Port Hardy sewage treatment plant which treats sewage from both First Nations; work included upgrades to outfall, construction of clarifier, bioreactor and digester, and installation of UV effluent disinfection.
BC HAGWILGET 1 Sewage Treatment $1,544,421 2009/2010 Construction of a wastewater treatment facility improvements.
BC ISKUT INDIAN BAND 1 Drinking water system upgrade $2,430,380 2009/2010 Construction of a water treatment facility.
BC KATZIE INDIAN BAND 1 Sanitary Sewer $1,854,816 2009/2010 Construction of on-reserve wastewater collection system and connection to adjacent municipality.
BC KWICKSUTAINEUK 1 Water Treatment Plant Facility Upgrade $4,960,910 2009/2010 Construction of water treatment facility.
BC LEQ'AMEL 1 Community Sewer and Drainage RI#8 $1,831,074 2009/2010 Construction of wastewater pumping station and treatment facility.
BC LITTLE SHUSWAP 1 Drinking Water System IR#1 and 2 $2,348,866 2008/2009 Construction of 2 new wells, control buildng, chlorination system, bolted steel reservoir and distribution mains.
BC LOWER NICOLA 1 Rocky Pines Water System $2,409,000 2009/2010 Construction of water storage facilities.
BC MASSETT 1 Sewage Treatment and Disposal $4,069,965 2008/2009 Construction of wastewater pumping station and treatment facility.
BC MORICETOWN 1 Water Treatment Plant $5,444,683 2009/2010 Construction of water treatment facility expansion.
BC NANOOSE 1 Water Supply Upgrade $2,384,794 2009/2010 Construction of water storage facilities.
BC NUU-CHAH-NULTH TRIBAL COUNCIL 1 Sewer Forcemain IR #3 - Tofino #660 Tla -O-Qu $4,850,262 2009/2010 Construction of on-reserve wastewater collection system and connection to adjacent municipality.
BC NUXALK 1 Water System Improvements $3,764,763 2009/2010 Construction of new well and pump house, chlorination building and booster station, and additional water storage and distribution mains.
BC SIMPCW 1 Water System Improvements $1,955,462 2009/2010 Construction of a water supply wells and a water reservoir/treatment facility.
BC SKIDEGATE 1 Sewage Treatment and Disposal $6,313,001 2009/2010 Construction of wastewater pumping station and treatment facility.
BC SKOWKALE 1 Sewer Connection $3,709,770 2009/2010 Construction of wastewater pumping station and connection to adjacent municipality.
BC TAKLA LAKE FIRST NATION 1 Sewage Effluent Disposal System Takla Lake I.R. #7 &7A $6,667,634 2009/2010 Construction of wastewater pumping station and treatment facility.
BC UCLUELET 1 Sanitary Sewer System Upgrade $2,634,095 2009/2010 Construction of wastewater pumping station and connection to adjacent municipality.
BC ULKATCHO 1 Sewage Collection, Treatment and Disposal IR2 and 2a $3,604,607 2009/2010 Construction of wastewater pumping station and treatment facility.
BC YEKOOCHE BAND 1 Sewage Treatment Improvement Yekooche I.R $5,613,716 2009/2010 Construction of wastewater pumping station and wastewater treatment facility.
YUKON
YK TAKU RIVER TLINGIT FIRST NATION 1 Construction of water treatment system $2,432,178 2008/2009 New water treatment system - 40 dwellings served by truck and 15 dwelling on pipe
YK WHITE RIVER
FIRST NATION
2 New water treatment systems $3,287,577 2008/2009 Two new water treatment plants and water distribution systems built to AANDC design standards including backup wells and power. System #1 has 11 connections and System #2 has 8 connections; both are designed to be upgradable for future development.
Total Completed Projects above
$1.5 million:
 
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Footnotes

  1. Available from First Nation and Inuit Health Branch regional offices. (return to source paragraph)
  2. Wastewater system risk assesses the ability of the "effluent receiver" to cope with untreated sewage. (return to source paragraph)

 

 
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