ARCHIVED - Backgrounder - Government of Canada Investments in Water and Wastewater on First Nations in Manitoba

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Overview of Investments

Between April 1, 2006 and March 31, 2010, the Government of Canada invested approximately $227 million in water and wastewater infrastructure for Manitoba First Nations through Indian and Northern Affairs Canada's Capital Facilities and Maintenance Program, First Nations Water and Wastewater Action Plan, and Canada's Economic Action Plan.

INAC Funding for Water & Wastewater:
First Nations in Manitoba
(April 1, 2006 - March 31, 2010)

INAC Funding for Water &  Wastewater: First Nations in Manitoba (April 1, 2006 - March 31, 2010)

This included approximately $132 million in capital expenditures, covering activities such as development of new water and wastewater systems, upgrades of existing systems, system repairs, feasibility studies, and related activities.

Investments also included approximately $24 million per year to cover the annual costs of the operation and maintenance of water and wastewater facilities.

In 2009-2010, $23.9 million in support was provided through Canada's Economic Action Plan, to support three major water and wastewater projects for First Nations in Manitoba. One of these projects, the development of a new $7.2 million sewage lagoon on Pinaymootang First Nation, was completed in December 2009. Work on the remaining two projects is ongoing, and is expected to be completed before March 31, 2011.

Despite these significant investments, the government recognizes that many First Nations communities continue to face challenges in providing and maintaining community infrastructure. As announced in Budget 2010, the government will work with First Nations representatives to explore options for alternative financing approaches that might allow limited resources to be used more efficiently and to look at ways to better manage community infrastructure to extend its lifecycle. 

Roles & Responsibilities

The Government of Canada is committed to helping First Nations in the provision of safe, clean, and reliable drinking water. To achieve this goal, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada provides funding and advice to First Nations to assist in the management and operation of water systems, related to the design, construction, operation and maintenance of water and wastewater systems. It also provides funding for the training and certification of water system operators.

Health Canada works with First Nation communities south of 60° to identify potential drinking water quality problems, including: verification monitoring of the overall quality of drinking water, and reviewing, interpreting and disseminating results to First Nations; providing guidance and recommendations about drinking water safety and safe disposal of onsite domestic sewage; and reviewing water and wastewater infrastructure project proposals from a public health perspective.

Environment Canada provides advice and guidance material in the areas of source water protection and sustainable water use.

First Nations are responsible for the daily operation and management of their systems, which includes the design, construction, operation, maintenance, and monitoring of their water systems. First Nations' authorities issue Drinking Water Advisories (DWAs) in First Nation communities, usually on the recommendation of Health Canada, or on their own initiative in emergency situations.


ANNEX:  EXPENDITURES ON WATER AND WASTEWATER IN MANITOBA*
(April 1, 2006 – March 31, 2010)

First Nation
[Note 1]
Capital Expenditures
[Note 2]
O&M Expenditures
[Note 3]
Total
Barren Lands $ 387,678.42 $1,202,768.47 $1,590,446.89
Berens River $1,221,784.00 $3,268,847.81 $4,490,631.81
Birdtail Sioux $ 173,207.00 $574,139.00 $747,346.00
Bloodvein $ 254,980.00 $1,194,504.02 $1,449,484.02
Brokenhead  Ojibway $ 100,316.00 $ 625,088.00 $725,404.00
Buffalo Point     $ 101,833.00 $ 101,833.00
Bunibonibee Cree $ 1,096,344.00 $3,785,023.43 $4,881,367.43
Canupawakpa Dakota $ 54,116.00 $ 164,401.58 $218,517.58
Chemawawin Cree $ 84,892.00 $1,432.738.00 $1,517,630.00
Cross Lake $93,333.00 $5,261,914.00 $5,355,247.00
Dakota Plains $47,118.00 $ 448,911.48 $ 496,029.48
Dakota Tipi $ 4,033.00 $136,327.84 $140,360.84
Dauphin River $28,228.00 $ 99,648.00 $ 127,876.00
Ebb and Flow $ 176,315.00 $1,084,118.78 $1,260,433.78
Fisher River $13,633,805.00 $ 734,074.00 $14,367,879.00
Fort Alexander $ 3,460,723.00 $2,715,608.72 $6,176,331.72
Fox Lake $ 936,431.00 $ 689,596.00 $1,626,027.00
Gamblers     $ 90,379.69 $ 90,379.69
Garden Hill $26,195,388.90 $2,996,049.02 $29,191,437.92
God's Lake $ 1,174,180.00 $2,591,522.88 $3,765,702.88
Grand Rapids $ 64,876.00 $ 495,692.26 $ 560,568.26
Hollow Water $336,324.00 $780,887.80 $1,171,211.80
Keeseekoowenin $ 3,545,309.00 $1,046,716.61 $4,592,025.61
Keewatin Tribal Council $1,213,500.00 $ 43,482.85 $1,256,982.85
Kinonjeoshtegon $ 34,009.00 $ 339,394.45 $ 373,403.45
Lake Manitoba $ 314,606.64 $ 181,466.41 $ 496,073.05
Lake St. Martin $1,075,803.00 $2,009,524.80 $3,085,327.80
Little Black River $ 108,430.00 $ 601,044.00 $ 709,474.00
Little Grand Rapids $ 1,044,855.00 $2,771,694.03 $3,816,549.03
Little Saskatchewan $448,711.00 $303,973.43 $ 752,684.43
Long Plain $ 204,556.00 $1,719,488.43 $1,924,044.43
Manto Sipi Cree $ 417,957.00 $1,615,516.40 $2,033,473.40
Marcel Colomb $1,046,067.68     $1,046,067.68
Mathias Colomb $ 318,139.00 $1,500,516.96 $1,818,655.96
Mosakahiken Cree $15,239,544.09 $1,277,129.56 $16,516,673.65
Nisichawayasihk Cree $7,016,958.78 $2,496,033.01 $9,512,991.79
Northlands $ 2,122.17 $2,953,025.32 $2,955,147.49
Norway House $1,070,900.00 $7,718,690.00 $8,789,590.00
O-Chi-Chak-Ko-Sipi $43,754.00 $ 346,477.00 $ 390,231.00
Opaskwayak Cree $2,688,645.10 $1,367,707.20 $4,056,352.30
O-Pipon-Na-Piwin Cree Nation $ 97,639.00 $1,810,947.16 $1,908,586.16
Pauingassi First Nation $ 102,038.00 $1,095,589.36 $1,197,627.36
Peguis $ 47,606.00 $ 418,314.00 $ 465,920.00
Pinaymootang $7,570,981.00 $ 738,073.73 $8,309,054.73
Pine Creek $97,721.00 $1,462.302.06 $1,560,023.06
Poplar River $ 217,449.00 $1,608,857.36 $1,826,306.36
Red Sucker Lake $5,375,371.00 $1,283,039.39 $6,658,410.39
Rolling River $4,418,234.00 $ 991,346.95 $5,409,580.95
Roseau River $1,508,639.05 $1,149,932.52 $2,658,571.57
Sandy Bay $ 166,692.00 $2,630,700.27 $2,797,392.27
Sapotaweyak Cree $ 147,723.00 $1,129,017.87 $1,276,740.87
Sayisi Dene $ 565,620.19 $1,676,112.21 $2,241,732.40
Shamattawa $12,002,900.00 $2,368,559.51 $14,371,459.51
Sioux Valley Dakota $6,872,575.21 $ 692,810.30 $7,565,385.51
Skownan4 $1,292,700.00     $1,292,700.00
Skownan $ 333,578.00 $ 869,381.48 $1,202,959.48
Southeast Resource Development $ 500,000.00     $ 500,000.00
St. Theresa Point $ 307,746.79 $2,253,817.88 $2,561,564.67
Swampy Cree Tribal Council     $ 273,300.00 $ 273,300.00
Swan Lake $35,519.00 $ 881,204.00 $ 916,723.00
Tataskweyak Cree $ 1,012,657.00 $1,804,062.00 $2,816,719.00
Tootinaowaziibeeng Treaty $146,782.00 $1,254,090.20 $1,400,872.20
War Lake First Nation $1,223,588.00 $ 102,537.93 $1,326,125.93
Wasagamack $ 554,757.65 $1,798,523.95 $2,353,281.60
Waywayseecappo Treaty Four $35,202.00 $1,592,719.38 $1,627,921.38
West Region Tribal Council $336,140.00 $4,762,634.60 $5,098,774.60
Wuskwi Sipihk First Nation $ 169,111.00 $ 795,373.30 $ 964,484.30
York Factory $1,417,247.00 $926,847.00 $2,344,094.00
Manitoba Total $131 ,914,156.67 $95 ,138,048.65 $226 ,872,205.32





Notes:

  1. Source of data is INAC's internal financial reporting database. Please note that in some instances "First Nation" in this chart may refer to a community where water and wastewater services are being delivered to a Tribal Council or Municipality that provides water and/or sewer services or direct support to a First Nation community or communities. Also take note that First Nations may also have benefited from additional indirect investments where the department has worked with a third party, such as a province or municipality, to construct a facility that provides services to both a First Nation and a neighbouring municipality. (return to source paragraph)

  2. "Capital Expenditures" include both Major and Minor Capital. This includes funding for a wide variety of items including : new water plants or wastewater treatment plants being constructed; feasibility studies for future projects; design work for future projects; repairs and expansions of water and wastewater systems; installing new pipes or pumping stations; service hookups for new housing developments; running a cleaning and disinfection project on existing pipes; replacing valves on fire hydrants; buying water or septic trucks; making loan payments for water trucks; etc.)(return to source paragraph)

  3. "Operations and Maintenance" funding O&M is provided to support First Nations in maintaining and operating systems that received INAC support to construct. First Nations could use this funding for activities such as salaries for plant operators; salaries for water and septic truck drivers; employee benefits; chemical supplies; hardware; uniforms; equipment; laboratory testing of samples; freight and delivery of supplies; minor repairs to water or wastewater treatment systems; insurance; telephone; travel; training and development; utilities (e.g. electricity, waste collection); fuel for vehicles (e.g. water or septic trucks); and miscellaneous expenses. (return to source paragraph)

  4. Cost-shared project with Manitoba Ministry of Finance.