ARCHIVED - Backgrounder – Water and Wastewater Services in the Island Lake Region
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The Island Lake region of Manitoba includes the First Nations of St. Theresa Point, Wasagamack, Red Sucker Lake and Garden Hill.
Until the late 1990s, the Island Lake area relied on diesel generation for electricity. Investing in upgrades to community water and wastewater treatment systems geared to diesel was not feasible, as the electrical demands of these systems exceeded diesel generation capacity. The North Central Hydro grid connection was put into service in 1999.
The location of these communities, on the Canadian Shield, makes piped systems more costly to install.
Additionally, many houses in the Island Lake communities do not have indoor plumbing and in some cases there is no space for a bathroom. Houses must be retrofitted with indoor plumbing before they can be connected to water and wastewater systems. This requires additional time, funds, and considerable planning.
However, progress is being made. Since landline hydro was installed in the area, substantial investments have been made in the water and wastewater infrastructure in the Island Lake communities, totaling approximately $94 million to date as of October 2012.
Since April 1, 2006, the federal government has made investments of $50.1 million to improve and maintain water and waste water systems in the Island Lake communities. Major investments included $26.7 million for a piped water distribution and sewage collection system at Garden Hill, and $9.2 million for a water treatment plant, two water trucks and a sewage truck at Red Sucker Lake. In 2011–2012 and 2012–2013 AANDC committed $6.9 million toward improved water and wastewater services for all four Island Lake communities. Funds supported the purchase of 13 water/sewage trucks and building materials for garages, water tanks, sewer tanks and building materials to retrofit up to 100 homes.
In addition, funding is being provided to all four communities to update water and wastewater feasibility studies. These updates will present options and the costs associated with providing running water and wastewater services to all serviceable houses.
There are two water and wastewater projects for the Island Lake region identified on the regional First Nation Infrastructure Investment Plan. The projects are water and waste water servicing upgrades for St. Theresa Point First Nation and Garden Hill First Nation. Planning at this point is preliminary and subject to change.
As with households in other rural and remote communities, there are houses on First Nations where piped water distribution is not feasible. While piped service is not feasible for all homes, all households have access to treated water from a water treatment plant through truck to cisterns or standpipes.
Through the Drinking Water Safety Program, Health Canada works in partnership with First Nations communities to ensure drinking water is monitored according to the Guidelines for Canadian Drinking Water Quality.
|Garden Hill||1995||School project (pipes and sewage treatment plant for school)||2.0 M|
|1997||water treatment plant||4.3 M|
|2001||sewage treatment plant||6.0 M|
|Piped water distribution and sewage collection system (Central and South area)||26.7 M|
|2010||New water & sewer trucks, water barrels & black water pails||255.5k|
|2011||New water & sewer truck||543.5k|
|2012||Water & sewer feasibility study update||115.0k|
|St. Theresa Point||1996||Wastewater treatment plant||2.9 M|
|1999||Water treatment plant, wastewater treatment plant, truck garage, water truck, sewer truck, water and sewer piping||10.9 M|
|2010||New water & sewer trucks, water barrels & black water pails||264.0k|
|2004||Piped water distribution and sewage collection system||10.8 M|
|2011||New water & sewer truck||549.8k|
|2012||Water & sewer feasibility study update||100.0k|
|Wasagamack||1996||Sewage treatment plant||1.3 M|
|1997||Water treatment plant, truck garage, minor piping||4.6 M|
|2005||Piped water distribution and sewage collection system, water truck||8.7 M|
|2010||New water & sewer trucks, water barrels & black water pails||242.0k|
|2011||New water & sewer truck||216.5k|
|2012||Water & sewer feasibility study update||61.2k|
|Red Sucker Lake||2000||Sewage treatment plant||3.5 M|
|2010||Water treatment plant, two water trucks, sewage truck||9.2 M|
|2010||New water & sewer trucks, water barrels & black water pails||238.5k|
|2011||New sewer truck||107.3k|
|2012||Water & sewer feasibility study update||82.2k|
|Island Lake Tribal Council||2011||Island Lake First Nations/Water-Sewage Services Report||79.8k|
|2011||Housing plumbing retrofits – material purchase & delivery||1.5 M|
|2012||Water & sewer truck garages||7.0 M|
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