Northern Petroleum Resources

Oil and gas exploration and development are key to Canada's economic well-being. One quarter of Canada's discovered resources of conventional petroleum are in the North and remain undeveloped, as about one third of the country's estimated potential.

Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada works in partnership with Northern and Indigenous governments and peoples to:

  • govern the allocation of Crown lands to the private sector for oil and gas exploration
  • develop the regulatory environment
  • set and collect royalties
  • approve benefit plans before development takes place in a given area

Benefit plans define oil and gas operators' policies and activities to maximize employment and training prospects for Northerners. The plans also ensure that northern businesses have opportunities to supply goods and services on a competitive basis.

Arctic Offshore Oil and Gas

September 7, 2016: The Indigenous and Northern Affairs Minister's Special Representative's report, Review of the Canada Petroleum Resources Act, is now available online.

December 20, 2016: Backgrounders on the select actions being taken under the United-States Canada Joint Arctic Leaders' Statement.

April 2017: Consultations with current oil and gas licence holders have begun.

Find out more

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