The purpose of this regional summary is to provide regional managers and staff with an analysis of the data contained in the mineral inventory to assist in the preparation and planning for the response of Indian Bands resulting from the distribution of the report.
The inventory is a report that comprises forty-five volumes including approximately 18,000 pages and 10,000 maps. It is entitled "Mineral Potential Indian Reserve Lands" and has been completed at the Stage I (Literature Search) level for each Indian reserve in Canada. The Stage I inventory is defined as a review and record of all available material on the geology, geophysics, geochemistry, economic geology, and past or existing mineral operations of a reserve and its surrounding area. The minerals under discussion are grouped under five main headings: metallic, non-metallic (industrial), aggregate (sand and gravel), groundwater and peat.
The Mineral Potential of Indian Reserves Lands for New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island of the Atlantic Region comprises 3 volumes of approximately 250, 380 and 50 pages respectively for a total of 680 pages with 300 maps. This report was completed in March, 1989.
The new Indian reserve in Newfoundland was too late to be included in the report and will appear in an updated version at a later date.
The Mineral Potential of Indian Reserve Lands, for the provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island incorporates 68 Indian reserves (N.B. has 26, N.S. has 38 and P.E.I. has 4).
The total land base of these 68 reserves is approximately 29,561.6 hectares or approximately two percent of the combined land area of the three provinces.
The average area of Indian reserves in the Region is 434 hectares. This figure is substantially lower than the national average of 1176 hectares (2907 acres) per reserve. Frequently, the area of a reserve is a significant factor in the evaluation of its overall mineral potential.
For every reserve contained in the inventory, a computer data record sheet was prepared which captured up to 51 descriptive items of information directly from the text of the inventory itself. This systematic process enables detailed, highly accurate and varied calculations and statistical analyses to be carried out on the minerals and related activities on reserves and create summaries on a Band, Regional or national basis.
The following represents a summary of the pertinent information necessary and useful for evaluating the current Indian mineral resource environment of the Atlantic Region:
The overall rating measures the economic mineral possibilities of each reserve as a whole, on low-moderate-good scale (1 - 3). Factors which affect this rating are: size of the reserve; location with respect to markets, transportation, access, value and type of commodity; social and cultural barriers to mining on certain lands and areas; marketability of a commodity at any given time, etc.
A moderate rating implies that some indications of mineral potential are present. More work on such reserves is necessary to gather technical information to determine whether a specific reserve can be rated at a higher or lower level.
The reserves have been rated for their mineral resource potential as follows:
|Overall Rating||No. of reserves|
The inventory catalogues a total of 127 mineral occurrences on reserves in the Region from all five commodity or mineral types (metallic, non-metallic, aggregate, peat and water) and comprises nearly 120 different minerals and commodities.
Commodity rating is an evaluation, on a clearly defined scale from one to five, of the potential of a mineral or commodity for development in terms of its geology, type, location, marketability, etc, based on the available information. This estimate is based on data collected from many sources and considers the geological surroundings of the reserves. For this reason, a known mineral occurrence on a reserve may have no value and be given a low rating, and conversely a commodity may be rated very high based on an indication of a deposit off-reserve which may extend onto reserve lands.
In order to gauge more accurately the opportunities in minerals and filter out those reserves which are considered to have low potential (at this time and given the available information), the following analysis examines those reserves with commodities rated at 3, 4 or 5 on the scale of one to five (where one is very low potential and 5 is very high):
This phase groups the myriad activities which are necessary in the detection, evaluation and measurement of deposits of minerals.
The mineral inventory report is the equivalent of Exploration Phase Stage I (literature search), which has been completed. The number of reserves in the Region which have undergone some form of subsequent exploration activity beyond Stage I is:
This phase is the step in the progression between exploration and production for a specific mineral or group of minerals where the land and the mineral deposit is prepared for the actual mining operations. This activity may range from tree cutting, fencing, and stripping of topsoil to detailed drilling programs, shaft and adit sinking, open pit excavations, etc.
In the Atlantic Region, no reserves are known to have experienced any form of development work related to their mineral resources. Some reserves may have had work done unknown to the Resource Development Directorate and have been proven to have little or no mineral potential as a result of information derived from such work, or work was discontinued due to outside influences such as company failures or dropping markets.
Production phase as used here is the actual extraction of material or mineral by any mining process, past or present, which is stockpiled, used on or sold off-reserve.
The number of reserves at the production phase is listed below. These figures consider any form of extraction of minerals for sale on or off reserve and includes cases of production of materials with a low commodity rating. It is noteworthy that many small gravel pits exist on reserves which are unknown to the Department and are not included in this database.
An examination of the records indicates that none of the 68 reserves of the Atlantic Region considered here have surrendered their minerals. Elsewhere in Canada, minerals have frequently been combined with petroleum, oil and gas in a broad general form of surrender. Only a very few reserves in Canada have had a recent, specific mineral surrender for the purposes of mineral development.
Indian Lands Registry of Lands, Revenues and Trusts have recorded seven occurrences of mineral related permits, leases and/or agreements in Nova Scotia and three in New Brunswick.
Of the 10 entries in the registry, all identified aggregates as the commodities.
The Registry contains 459 records of mineral related permits, leases and/or agreements dating from Confederation from reserves all acrss Canada. Averaged on a national basis, 72% of mineral agreements are undertaken by the private sector, next comes provincial government at 14%, municipalities at 6%, bands at 3%, and federal organizations participated in only 1% of agreements. Three percent of the total number of registry entries were undetermined.
Of the reserves in the Atlantic Region, two are situated within 10 kilometres of the approximately 27 principle industrial mineral and metallic mineral mines in the three provinces.
Approximately 41 reserves (60%) are situated within 50 kilometres (an easy commuting distance) of the 27 principle industrial mineral and metallic mineral mines in the province. These mines employ on national average 479 workers for a total of nearly 13,000 jobs. Statistics suggest nearly 360 of these jobs should be held by Natives.