Saskatchewan Treaty Land Entitlement (TLE) Fact Sheet
- The TLE Framework Agreement, signed on September 22, 1992, provides the 25 signatory First Nations with $440 million over 12 years to purchase land, mineral rights and improvements, which include buildings and structures affixed to the land.
- The TLE agreements will fulfil Canada's TLE obligations to those First Nations, while Saskatchewan's participation is assured by the 1930 Natural Resources Transfer Agreement (NRTA).
- Under the NRTA, lands were transferred to Saskatchewan subject to a legal requirement to provide unoccupied Crown lands to Canada to assist it in meeting its obligations under the Treaties.
- Canada initially provides 70 per cent of the overall costs of the settlement, while Saskatchewan covers the remaining 30 per cent.
- The provincial government will subsequently reimburse up to 19 per cent of the total costs to Canada from savings arising out of the transfer of certain northern communities for the use and benefit of First Nations.
- Entitlement First Nations may purchase federal, provincial or private land anywhere in Saskatchewan. All land sales are on a willing-seller/willing-buyer basis, with all existing interests in the land addressed.
- To date, 23 out of the original 25 First Nations have achieved shortfall* (This is the minimum amount of land required to be purchased and set apart as reserve, as defined in the TLE Framework Agreement):
Beardy's and Okemasis First Nation*
Canoe Lake Cree First Nation*
English River First Nation*
Flying Dust First Nation*
Keeseekoose First Nation*
Little Pine First Nation*
Moosomin First Nation*
Mosquito Grizzly Bear's Head, Lean Man First Nation
Muskeg Lake Cree Nation*
Muskowekwan First Nation*
Ochapowace First Nation
Okanese First Nation*
One Arrow First Nation*
Onion Lake First Nation*
Pelican Lake First Nation*
Peter Ballantyne Cree Nation*
Piapot Cree Nation*
Poundmaker Cree Nation*
Red Pheasant First Nation*
Saulteaux First Nation*
Star Blanket Cree Nation*
Sweetgrass First Nation*
Thunderchild First Nation*
Witchekan Lake First Nation*
Yellow Quill First Nation
- Since the signing of the Framework Agreement on September 22, 1992, eight additional First Nations that were not signatories to the Framework Agreement have now been validated under TLE and have ratified and signed their Band-specific agreements.
- These include Carry the Kettle, Cowessess, George Gordon, Muskoday, Kawacatoose, Pasqua, Sturgeon Lake and Nekaneet First Nation.
- Of those eight, Cowessess, Sturgeon Lake, Carry the Kettle, Kawacatoose and Nekaneet First Nation have achieved shortfall.
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