First Nations and their regional organizations have responsibility for managing and delivering education programs and services in a number of band-operated schools on reserve across Canada. In addition, AANDC delivers services directly on reserve in seven federally-operated schools and covers the tuition costs for First Nation children attending provincial schools off reserve but who still live on reserve.
In 2010-11, AANDC invested $1.5 billion in elementary and secondary education for First Nation students living on reserve which supported approximately 117,500 students from (kindergarten to grade 12). An additional $304 million was provided to First Nations for construction and maintenance of education facilities on reserve.
The breakdown of the 2010-11 funding is as follows:
Approximately 61 per cent of First Nation students attend schools on reserve. In support of these students, AANDC provides funding support directly to Band Councils and First Nation education organizations. First Nations, or their regional organizations have responsibility for managing and delivering education programs and services in band-operated schools on reserve.
For students who live on reserve but attend provincial schools off reserve, AANDC pays the tuition amount that the applicable province charges for non-Aboriginal students. This is paid to the First Nation or directly to the provincial Ministry of Education, depending on the agreement in place.
AANDC delivers services directly on reserve in seven federally-operated schools.