The Government of Canada's overarching goal is to provide First Nation students with quality education that provides them with the opportunity to acquire the skills needed to enter the labour market and be full participants in a strong Canadian economy.

In 2012-2013, Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development (AANDC) invested approximately $1.62 billion in First Nation K-12 education and more than $331 million in post-secondary education to support First Nation and Inuit students across Canada. This funding was in addition to the approximately $226 million in 2012-2013 to support infrastructure costs for education facilities. This funding supported approximately 113,000 full-time equivalent (FTE) First Nation students, ordinarily resident on reserve, in their elementary or secondary education and about 22,000 post secondary students.

Introduction of Bill C-33 – The First Nations Control of First Nations Education Act

On April 10, 2014, Minister of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Bernard Valcourt introduced Bill C-33 – the First Nations Control of First Nations Education Act.

The proposed legislation responds to the five "conditions for success" that were identified by the National Chief of the Assembly of First Nations, and endorsed in a resolution by the Chiefs in Assembly in December 2013.

The proposed legislation is a transformative step in efforts to close the gap in education outcomes for First Nations on reserve.  It provides for stable, predictable funding that increases at a 4.5% rate of growth, clarifies roles and responsibilities, and establishes First Nations control of First Nations education as a central principle.

The Introduction of Bill C-33 builds on the February 7, 2014 announcement of an historic agreement between the Government of Canada and the Assembly of First Nations to reform the First Nations elementary and secondary education system through the proposed First Nations Control of First Nations Education Act.

Bill C-33 follows years of discussions, dialogue, studies, and unprecedented consultations that began in December 2012 which included: 8 face-to-face sessions, discussions, emails, video and teleconference – all reflecting the efforts of many individuals and organizations to improve First Nations elementary and secondary education.

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