Program Guidelines - Lands and Economic Development Services Program (LEDSP)
Effective: April 1, 2014
Objectives and Results
The Lands and Economic Development Services Program (LEDSP) provides support to First Nation and Inuit Communities to assist with enhancing the economic development, land and environmental capacity of communities and to support the establishment of the conditions for economic development to occur, increasing their participation in the economy.
- LEDSP Core Allocations, including:
- Funding allocations to First Nation and Inuit communities and organizations they mandate to deliver economic development services on their behalf. Allocations are intended to enable recipients to carry out community economic development planning and capacity development initiatives, develop proposals and lever financial resources, and carry out economic development activities.
- Funding allocations to First Nations to support communities' desire to take on a broad scope of land and environmental responsibilities, including land use planning, environmental management and compliance, on behalf of the Minister and under the Indian Act.
- Funding allocations to signatories of the Framework Agreement on First Nation Land Management, on the Schedule to the First Nations Land Management Act (FNLMA)
- LEDSP Targeted funding that provides lands, environmental and economic development support services to assist in achieving LEDSP's objectives of supporting First Nation and Inuit communities. These services will assist with:
- enhancing the economic development, land and environmental capacity of communities;
- supporting the establishment of the conditions for economic development to occur; and
- increasing their participation in the economy.
This includes funding for regional and national institutions to provide capacity development services to First Nations.
The expected results of LEDSP include:
- To enable First Nation and Inuit communities and organizations they mandate to deliver community economic development, land management, and environmental management services. These services could include:
- community planning and capacity development initiatives;
- the development of proposals and leveraging of financial resources; and
- carrying out economic development activities. In some instances, recipients may decide to carry out these activities by hiring economic development officers, land management officers, or environment officers.
- To enable First Nations to assume greater control over reserve land, resources and environment including land use planning, environmental management and compliance, on behalf of the Minister and pursuant to the Indian Act; and,
- To provide First Nations with modern land management tools and capacities. The initiative facilitates the transition from the Indian Act to the First Nations Land Management Act (FNLMA), and provides First Nations currently operating under the FNLMA with the capacities to effectively manage their land. This includes creating Land Codes, Individual Agreements, laws, land management systems, and environmental agreements.
LEDSP Core Allocations
Eligible Recipients for Core Allocations
- First Nation and Inuit communities and their governments, including Tribal Councils1
- Other persons performing delegated land management functions under Sections 53 and/or 60 of the Indian Act on behalf of First Nations.
- For LEDSP allocations, Inuit communities are eligible for the economic development services component only
Eligible Activities for Core Allocations
- Economic development activities including, but not limited to, capacity development, community economic development planning, and the community capacity to develop proposals to leverage financial resources;
- Initiatives that support First Nations support for communities that desire to take on a broad scope of land and environmental responsibilities under the Indian Act, including:
- Land and environmental management activities on reserve lands under the Indian Act (i.e., leases, permits, individual land holdings);
- Compliance activities;
- Development of the skills and knowledge of the First Nation Land Manager/Officer;
- Development and implementation of a Community Land Use Plan, Community Environmental Sustainability Plan and/or Compliance Framework; and
- Environmental management and compliance, on behalf of the Minister.
- Initiatives that support First Nations who are signatories of the Framework Agreement on First Nation Land Management, on the Schedule to the First Nations Land Management Act (FNLMA).
Application Requirements for Core Allocations
Applications by eligible recipients of LEDSP core funding allocations are not required. LEDSP core allocations are provided to First Nations participating in this program on an annual basis
Recipients receiving funding to provide economic development services are required to submit the Lands and Economic Development Community Profile Report (DCI# 471935) prior to the start of each fiscal year based on deadlines provided by their respective AANDC regional office. This report serves both as an application requirement as well as a reporting requirement for the previous year. The applicable sections to be completed are section A, C, and D.
Recipients receiving funding to provide or take on land and environmental responsibilities under the Indian Act will be required to submit the Lands and Economic Development Community Profile Report (DCI# 471935) prior to the start of each fiscal year based on deadlines provided by their respective AANDC regional office. The applicable section to be completed is section B. First Nations interested in undertaking these additional responsibilities should contact their AANDC regional office who will help to guide them through the process which will include a self-assessment of the First Nation's capacity.
Eligible recipients seeking to increase their level of responsibility for land management under the Indian Act or the First Nations Land Management Act will complete a readiness assessment which will be assessed by the Department. These assessments will be provided to interested First Nations by contacting the AANDC regional office.
Information that will be assessed includes, but not limited to:
- The level and type of land management activities currently undertaken within the community;
- Land and environmental management experience; and,
- Economic development potential and capacity.
Funding Levels for Core Allocations
The amount payable by AANDC is formula based.
The formula for recipients receiving funding to provide economic development services takes into consideration factors such as population and remoteness.
The formulas for recipients to take on land and environmental responsibilities under the Indian Act or to assume responsibility for land management assumed under the Framework Agreement on First Nation Land Management will take into consideration factors such as level of responsibility for land management and the number and types of previous land transactions performed under the Indian Act.
Reporting Requirements for Core Allocations
Recipients will be requested to submit data, schedules, plans, and reports in sufficient detail to enable AANDC to evaluate the effectiveness of the contributions. Recipients will report to AANDC using the Lands and Economic Development Community Profile Report (DCI# 471935). The applicable section to be completed is section D. This report serves both as an application requirement as well as a reporting requirement for the previous year.
Recipients receiving funding allocations under the Framework Agreement on First Nation Land Management will be required to submit a final report using the Nations Land Management Report (DCI# 41740) at the conclusion of each fiscal year. Developmental First Nations will submit a report every 6 months under the Community Approval Process Plan (CAPP). They will also submit year-end financial statements using Lands and Economic Development Programs Project Status Report (DCI# 472939).
LEDSP Targeted Funding
Eligible Recipients for Target Funding
- First Nation and Inuit communities and their governments, including Tribal Councils;
- Other persons performing delegated land management functions under Sections 53 and/or 60 of the Indian Act on behalf of First Nations;
- Organizations and associations controlled by Aboriginal people except for those with charitable or religious purposes; and,
- Non-Aboriginal organizations and associations, except for those with charitable or religious purposes.
Eligible Activities for Target Funding
Eligible activities that support First Nations and Inuit communities to undertake economic development and environmental/land management activities include:
Economic Development Support
- Initiatives that support First Nations and Inuit communities undertake economic development activities including, capacity development, community economic development planning;
- Initiatives that support the development of land and resources under community control and access to opportunities from lands and resources not under community control (additions to reserves (ATRs) that support economic development); and,
- Initiatives that support compliance with the statutory provisions of the Indian Act, undertaking the land designation process and the processing of land administrative instruments such as leases and permits;
Environmental Management Support
- Initiatives that enhance environmental planning, awareness and support efforts towards pollution prevention on reserve;
- Initiatives that support environmental management best practiceswith land and community assets on reserve; and,
- Initiatives to improve environmental regulatory compliance on reserve.
Application Requirements for Target Funding
Applications for LEDSP targeted funding from eligible recipients will be sought for projects based on Regional and National AANDC priorities. This may include different processes, including open and directed calls for applications. National priorities include:
- Capacity initiatives that strengthen land management and economic development as a key function of a strong local government, support Aboriginal participation in major resource development initiatives, support First Nations Land Management (FNLM) readiness, or strategic economic development and associated land use planning;
- Initiatives that promote on-reserve environmental management and pollution prevention, with an emphasis on waste management; and,
- Additions to reserves, designations and surveys that support economic development.
If an application is requested of a recipient they will be required to submit sufficient information to determine that they are eligible recipients as well as any information required to assess the recipient and/or the project against the program assessment criteria. Required application information will be communicated to applicants by AANDC and may include, as appropriate:
- Information on the applicant's financial situation;
- A description of the management and organizational capacity of the applicant;
- A detailed description of the proposed project and description of activities to be undertaken;
- Relevant documentation related to any partnership arrangements and commitments;
- Timelines for the project;
- A cost forecast of the project and details of financing, including all sources of funding for the project;
- Anticipated economic and/or environmental benefits of the project, including expected outcomes and proposed performance measures;
- Documentation indicating approval of the proposed project by the Aboriginal community or by the board of the directors of the Aboriginal business or Aboriginal organization;
- Other corporate documents, such as articles of incorporation, by-laws and corporate policies and procedures manuals;
- Documents supporting the interest in, or need or support for the project by Aboriginal individuals, Aboriginal communities, Aboriginal businesses or Aboriginal organizations;
- Documents supporting the need for the contribution to ensure that the project is realized;
- Documentation related to the applicant's legal structure, ownership and control;
- Demonstration of compliance with laws and regulations;
- Environmental effects and proposed mitigation measures; and,
- Any other information considered necessary by the Department.
Project Assessment and Approval Criteria for Target Funding
Requests for assistance will also be assessed on the basis of their relevance to the program objectives. Assistance will be provided only to those initiatives that would not otherwise proceed in the proposed location, proposed scope, or proposed time without such assistance. Assessments may be conducted by internal and/or external reviewers, at a regional or national level.
The following assessment criteria may be used as appropriate and relevant to determine the need, the amount and type of assistance to be offered:
- The potential for the project or activity to generate net economic benefits to Aboriginal people in Canada;
- The potential of the project to improve legislative compliance, implement pollution prevention measures, and/or increase capacity in environmental management;
- The demonstrated management capacity and business expertise of the eligible recipient in relation to the project;
- The amount of any federal, provincial or municipal assistance or tax credit that is likely to be relevant to the project;
- The resources of the recipient that could reasonably be expected to be contributed to the project;
- The recipient has demonstrated that the assistance is necessary to ensure that the project or activity proceeds with the desired scope and timing in the desired location;
- The relationship of the project to federal government national and regional economic strategies and priorities; and,
- The economic viability or sustainability of the recipient and/or the project or activity; and/or any other criteria that the Department may deem appropriate.
Project approvals will be based on the following criteria:
- The applicant must meet all requirements of an "eligible recipient";
- The project must meet all requirements of "eligible activities";
- Project expenditures to be funded by AANDC must be "eligible expenditures";
- The application must be complete and in sufficient detail commensurate with the level of funding being sought; and,
- "Eligible recipients" are in compliance with AANDC's Management Control Framework regarding audits, reporting, and other matters.
Funding Levels for Target Funding
The amount of funding is determined based on review and consideration of the proposal, and takes into account:
- The relevance of the proposal to the program's objectives and expected results; expected economic and/or environmental benefits accruing to Aboriginal individuals, businesses or communities;
- The assessment of the risk involved; and,
- The demonstrated need for federal funding.
Assistance will be determined based on the minimum required to ensure that the project or initiative is realized in accordance with the proposed time-frame, scope and location. Funding will be limited by the amount of available funds.
The stacking limit maximum level of funding to a recipient from all sources (including federal, provincial/ territorial and/or municipal) for any one activity, initiative or project is 100 percent of eligible costs. Recipients are required to declare any and all prospective sources of funding for the program or project, inclusive of all federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments (total government assistance) and other sources that are expected to be received.
Reporting Requirements for Targeted Funding
Recipients must provide the Lands and Economic Development Programs Project Status Report (DCI# 472939) form to meet interim (if applicable) and final reporting requirements. Recipients will be requested to submit data, schedules, plans, and reports in sufficient detail to enable AANDC to:
- Assess the progress of the project;
- Carry out the post-completion monitoring called for in the funding arrangement; and,
- Evaluate the effectiveness of the contributions.
A monitoring plan will be developed for each project. The purpose of the monitoring plan will be to provide periodic information regarding the progress of the initiative against the milestones proposed in the application and to identify unanticipated risks or impediments to achieving intended results. The proposed level of monitoring will correspond to the level of risk associated with the project. Progress and financial reports will be required at a minimum on an annual basis by recipients. Financial reporting shall show all sources of funding received by the recipient.
Recipients will be required to submit a final report at the conclusion of a project, in accordance with the terms of the funding arrangements.
The following eligible expenditures apply to both LEDSP Allocations and LEDSP Targeted funding unless otherwise noted.
"Eligible expenditures" in relation to "eligible activities" include:
- Salaries, wages and benefits;
- Overhead including, but not limited to, rent, utilities, supplies, minor repairs and maintenance, accounting and audit services and insurance;
- Minor machinery and equipment;
- Communications, including, but not limited to, development of content, translation, dissemination, advertising, and signage;
- Professional, consulting, advisory and other services, including fees, travel1, and report production;
- Attendance at or participation in training and professional development programs, conferences, workshops, seminars, events, events and meetings, including but not limited to tuition, registration, travel, testing and evaluation;
- Work experience including travelFootnote 1;
- Preparation, organization and delivery of conferences, workshops, seminars, events, meetings and information sessions, including, but not limited to, room and equipment rentals, food and beverage, promotion, presenters' or facilitators' costs, travelFootnote 1;
- Land surveys and appraisals;
- Awareness and information sessions, training, and communications relating to environmental promotion and compliance;
- Feasibility studies, marketing, advertising, and promotionFootnote 2;
- Costs related to economic infrastructure including, but not limited to, planning, design, identification, capitalization and acquisition of rights and rights-of-way Footnote 2; and
- Capital costs relating to the establishment, acquisition, expansion or modernization of an Aboriginal businessFootnote 2.
Ineligible expenditures include:
- Payments for services that would normally be provided without charge (e.g. honoraria);
- The operation, repair and maintenance of economic or municipal infrastructure;
- Economic infrastructure which has a reasonable expectation of capturing capital and operating costs through user fees and other means and can function as a commercial enterprise; and
- Costs for services provided by a federal or provincial government.
Terms and Conditions of Funding Agreements
Funding will be provided to the eligible recipient through Contributions. In a Contribution, any money paid by AANDC is a conditional transfer payment for a specified purpose that must be accounted for and is subject to audit for determining adherence to terms and conditions of payment. All funding agreements will indicate to the recipient the type of funding approach being used which determines how excess funding, unexpended balances, disallowed expenses, and any funds not disbursed for the purposes of the contribution must be managed. Funding agreements will also specify a schedule and format for reporting to AANDC on project performance indicators.
Not all funding approaches are available for all projects. The determination of which funding approach is to be used by AANDC depends on factors such as recipient assessment, project risk and the ability to recover funds in future years. The following is a brief description of the various funding approaches:
- Set Funding Approach – Unexpended funding at the end of each fiscal year shall be recovered by the department. This applies to multi-year agreements as well as single year funding agreements.
- Fixed Funding Approach – Recipients are allowed to keep any unexpended funding balances provided that the program requirements identified in the program terms and conditions have been met. At the same time, deficits become the responsibility of the recipient.
- Flexible Funding Approach – During the period of the funding agreement or program/activity, the recipient may retain unexpended funding remaining at the end of each fiscal year for use in the next fiscal year to further achieve results toward the program objectives. Any unexpended funding remaining at the expiry of the funding agreement or the completion of the program/activity shall be reimbursed to the department.
- Block Funding Approach – The recipient may retain unexpended funding remaining at the end of each fiscal year for use in the next fiscal year to further achieve results toward the block's multi-program objectives as set out in the existing funding agreement.
40 Havelock Street
P.O. Box 160
Amherst, NS B4H 3Z3
Tel: (902) 661-6209
Fax: (902) 661-6237
630 Canada Place
9700 Jasper Avenue
Edmonton, AB T5J 4G2
Tel: (780) 495-2773
Fax: (780) 495-4088
British Columbia Region
1138 Melville St, Suite 600
Vancouver, BC V6E 4S3
Tel: (604) 666-7891
Fax: (604) 775-7149
365 Hargrave Street, Suite 200
Winnipeg, MB R3B 3A3
Tel: (204) 983-4928
Fax: (204) 983-7820
Northwest Territories Region
P.O. Box 1500
4923 - 52nd Street
Yellowknife, NT X1A 3Z4
Tel: (867) 669-2500
Fax: (867) 669-2715
PO Box 2200
Iqaluit NU X0A 0H0
Tel: (867) 975-4500
Fax: (867) 975-4560
Ontario Region - South
25 St. Clair Avenue East, 8th Floor
Toronto, ON M4T 1M2
Fax: (416) 954-3189
Ontario Region - North
Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada
100 Anemki Place, Suite 101
Fort William First Nation, ON P7J 1A5
320 St. Joseph Street East
Québec (Quebec) G1K 9J2
1827 Albert Avenue
Regina, SK S4P 2S9
Tel: (306) 780-5392
Fax: (306) 780-7305
300 Main Street, Room 415C
Whitehorse, YT Y1A 2B5,
Tel: (867) 667-3888
Fax: (867) 667-3387
All "DCI" documents referred to in this document can be found on the Recipient Reporting Guide page.
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