Benefits and Rights

Treaties signed with the Crown pre-1975 as well as other old and new legislation guarantee certain rights and benefits to Aboriginal peoples living in Canada.  Aboriginal rights are also protected in Canada's Constitution.

Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada (AANDC) is responsible for fulfilling the Government of Canada's obligations and commitments to First Nations, Inuit and Métis. The Department also deals with specific rights and benefits for First Nations people such as "Indian Status", and, in some cases, managing band moneys or individual estates.

Highlights

In keeping with the legislative requirements under the amended Canadian Human Rights Act (CHRA), AANDC is working in cooperation with the Assembly of First Nations, the Native Women's Association of Canada and the Congress of Aboriginal Peoples to seek comments in the development of a collaborative review of the repeal of section 67 of the Actwhich allows for any decisions made or actions taken by Band Councils and the federal government, made under or pursuant to the Indian Act, to now be subject to the CHRA.

The 2008 repeal of section 67 ensures that First Nations individuals that are registered Indians and members of Bands, or individuals residing or working on reserves are able to make complaints of discrimination to the Canadian Human Rights Commission relating to decisions or actions arising from or pursuant to the Indian Act.

What Information is Available?

In this section, find out about AANDC's role in current human rights issues and proposed legislation, including property rights for women living on-reserve. Read about the Department's programs for living and decedent estates and the management of band moneys or find out more about Indian status - if you are eligible and how to register.

Additional Information