Benefits and Rights

Treaties signed with the Crown pre-1975 as well as other old and new legislation guarantee certain rights and benefits to Aboriginal peoples living in Canada. Aboriginal rights are also protected in Canada's Constitution.

Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada (AANDC) is responsible for fulfilling the Government of Canada's obligations and commitments to First Nations, Inuit and Métis. The Department also deals with specific rights and benefits for First Nations people such as "Indian Status", and, in some cases, managing band moneys or individual estates.


In keeping with the legislative requirements under the amended Canadian Human Rights Act (CHRA), AANDC worked in cooperation with participating First Nations organizations to conduct a review of the impacts of the 2008 repeal of section 67 of the Act, which allows for any decisions made or actions taken by Band Councils and the federal government, made under or pursuant to the Indian Act, to now be subject to the CHRA.

The report was  tabled in Parliament and posted on the AANDC website, as was previously done with the 2011 three-year readiness report.

The 2008 repeal of section 67 ensures that First Nations individuals that are registered Indians and members of Bands, or individuals residing or working on reserves are able to make complaints of discrimination to the Canadian Human Rights Commission relating to decisions or actions arising from or pursuant to the Indian Act.

What Information is Available?

In this section, find out about AANDC's role in current human rights issues and proposed legislation, including property rights for women living on-reserve. Read about the Department's programs for living and decedent estates and the management of band moneys or find out more about Indian status - if you are eligible and how to register.

Additional Information