This website will change as a result of the dissolution of Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada, the creation of Indigenous Services Canada and the eventual creation of Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada. During this transformation, you may also wish to consult the updated Indigenous and Northern Affairs home page.

There are two main types of bills: public and private. In general, a public bill is concerned with matters of public policy, while a private bill relates to matters of a particular interest or benefit to a person or persons, including corporations.

Before a bill becomes law, it goes through the following stages:

(1) a Member is given leave of the House to introduce the bill;
(2) the bill is read a first time and printed;
(3) the bill is read a second time;
(4) the bill is referred to committee;
(5) the bill is considered in committee and reported back to the House;
(6) the House concurs in the bill at report stage;
(7) the bill is read a third time and passed by the House;
(8) the bill goes through stages in the Senate approximately the same as those in the House;
(9) finally, the bill receives Royal Assent.

(source: Précis of Procedure, 5th Edition)  


An Act to provide for an integrated system of land and water management in the Mackenzie Valley, to establish certain boards for that purpose and to make consequential amendments to other Acts

The Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development

Bill receive Royal Assent June 18, 1998  


An Act respecting an accord between the Governments of Canada and the Yukon Territory relating to the administration and control of and legislative jurisdiction in respect of oil and gas

The Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development

Bill receive Royal Assent May 12, 1998  

For more information

To learn about upcoming or ongoing consultations on proposed federal regulations, visit the Canada Gazette and Consulting With Canadians websites.