ARCHIVED - Annual Report on the Implementation of the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement

Notice

This website will change as a result of the dissolution of Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada, the creation of Indigenous Services Canada and the eventual creation of Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada. During this transformation, you may also wish to consult the updated Indigenous and Northern Affairs home page.

Archived information

This Web page has been archived on the Web. Archived information is provided for reference, research or record keeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please contact us to request a format other than those available.

Author: © Ministre des Travaux publics et Government Services Canada Services gouvernementaux Canada
Date: Ottawa, 1998 
ISBN: 0-662-63925-1
QS- -8588-000-GB-A1

PDF Version   (1.14 Mb, 47 Pages)

Inuktitut   (1.98 Mb, 41 Pages)

 


Table of Contents


Foreword

     This is the fifth annual report submitted by the Nunavut Implementation Panel covering the implementation of the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement for the period April 1, 1997 to March 31, 1998.

The Panel is continuing to oversee and provide direction on the implementation of the Agreement, as described in Article 37.3 of the Agreement. To prepare the report, information was obtained from Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporated, the federal government and Territorial Government and the implementing bodies established under the Agreement.

Over the year, the membership of the Panel changed. The Panel was pleased to welcome Bruce Gillies, Director of Implementation for the Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporated, who filled the vacancy left by Simona Arnatsiaq-Barnes. The Implementation Panel is confident the parties will continue to meet the challenges that lie ahead to ensure that the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement is implemented in the true spirit in which it was intended.

Members of the Nunavut Implementation Panel:

Tagak Curley
Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporated

Bruce Gillies
Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporated

Terry Henderson
Government of Canada

Mark Warren
Territorial Government


Return to Table of Contents



Chapter 1 - Significant Implementation Events for 1997-98

The Nunavut Land Claims Agreement, also referred to as the Nunavut Final Agreement:

was signed on May 25, 1993, in Iqaluit by representatives of the Tunngavik Federation of Nunavut , the Government of Canada and the Government of the Northwest Tern tones;

Today, there are approximately 20,600 Inuit beneficiaries in the central and eastern Northwest Territories described as the Nunavut Settlement Area. This area includes approximately 1.9 million square kilometres in the Northwest Territories (one fifth of the total land mass of Canada), as well as adjacent offshore areas. Inuit constitute approximately 85 percent of the population in the Nunavut Settlement Area.

In exchange for ceding, releasing and surrendering to her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada all their Aboriginal claims, rights, title and interests, in and to lands and waters anywhere in Canada, the Agreement provides the Inuit of the Nunavut Settlement Area with:

title to approximately 350,000 square kilometres (136,000 square miles) of land, of which. 35,257 square kilometres (14,000 square miles) include mineral rights;

equal representation of Inuit with government on joint management boards related to wildlife management. land use planning, environmental assessment and the regulation of water use:

the right to harvest wildlife on lands and waters throughout the Nunavut Settlement Area;

capital transfer payments of $580 million in 1989 dollars with interest payable over 14 years (totalling $ 1.173 billion less repayment of negotiating loans totalling $39.8 million):

Return to Table of Contents





Chapter 2 - Implementation Panel Report

The Functions of the Implementation Panel are set out in Part 3, Article 37, of the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement and elaborated on somewhat in the Implementation Contract. The Panel's primary purpose is to oversee and provide direction on the implementation of the Agreement.

In 1997-98, Panel members included Bruce Gillies and Tagak Curley as the two Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporated (NTI) representatives, Mark Warren as the Territorial Government representative, and Terry Henderson as the Government of Canada representative. During this period, the Panel:

Return to Table of Contents





Chapter 3 - Summary of Activities: Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporates

In its capacity as the Inuit party implementing the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement and principal beneficiary of the Nunavut Trust and through its appointments to the Implementation Panel, the Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporated (NTI), together with other Inuit bodies, continued to implement the terms of the Agreement.

Implementation Planning and Designation Process

NTI is responsible for determining which Inuit organization should take on the more than 212 implementation responsibilities under Article 39 of the Agreement. This includes developing requests for designation, and implementation plans with detailed procedures and budgets.

For the last five years, the NTI Implementation Department has spent much time in discussions, workshops and meetings with Regional Inuit Associations (RIAs) to determine which responsibilities under the Agreement they will undertake. In 1997, NTI initiated a detailed process to determine the capacity of Designated Inuit Organizations (DIOs) to undertake claim responsibilities. It will use the same criteria to assess its own ability and capacity to undertake DIO responsibilities.

At a December 1997 NTI board meeting, 65 DIO responsibilities were approved for designation to the RIAs, These are mostly land and resource management responsibilities from Articles 19 and 21 of the Agreement. The Qikiqtani Inuit Association has 89 designated responsibilities with approximately 30 left to undertake, the Kivalliq Inuit Association has 72 with approximately 35 left to be designated and the Kitikmeot Inuit Association has 89 with 22 remaining. NTI has retained 121 responsibilities and, as a result, becomes the DIO.

Legislative Study

In February 1998, the Canadian Wildlife Service (CWS), Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Parks Canada the Territorial Government's Department of Resources, Wildlife and Economic Development (RWED) and NTI set the terms of reference for a legislative study on the establishment and regulation of conservation areas in the Nunavut Settlement Area pursuant to Article 9.3.1 of the Agreement. The study will. in part, determine if existing legislation contains prohibitions on hunting, fishing and related activities that do not apply to Inuit under the Agreement.

Conservation areas now include marine area components and Inuit Owned Lands. Therefore, there is a need to ensure appropriate legislation and regulations for marine areas and to allow Inuit to manage their lands.

A consultant team was retained to undertake and conclude the study by the tall of 1998.

Inuit Impact and Benefit Agreements

Article 8 of the Agreement provides for the negotiation of benefits and the minimization of impacts on Inuit occurring from development in the Nunavut Settlement Area. These Inuit Impact and Benefit Agreements (IIBA) are to be negotiated for national and territorial parks, conservation areas and major development projects.

The Agreement calls for territorial park and conservation area IIBA to he completed by July 1998. This time line will not be met. It has taken more time than expected first to determine and then to designate RIAs to negotiate 11 BAs. It was also discovered that there are significant costs in preparing for and negotiating the IIBA, as well as the time needed to establish and fund committees to co-manage the protected areas.

Negotiations for an IIBA for three national parks in Baffin by the Qikiqtani Inuit Association (QIA) are nearly complete. There are substantial benefits, management participation, training and local involvement for Inuit included in this IIBA. The QIA is to implement this agreement by the tall of 1998.

The Kivalliq Inuit Association continued to negotiate an IIBA for the national park at Wager Bay in the Keewatin.

The NTI and the TG worked to initiate negotiations on an umbrella agreement for all territorial parks in the Nunavut Settlement Area to save the time and money involved in negotiating an IIBA for each park. Negotiations on individual parks would be under the umbrella agreement but will take into account unique features of individual parks and service contracts. There are nine territorial parks in the Nunavut Settlement Area classified as new: five in Baffin two in Kivalliq and two in Kitikmeot.

There are 11 conservation areas proposed or existing in the Nunavut Settlement Area, nine of which required IIBA according to the CWS. As part of the process, NTI complet ed the review of the draft IIBA for the proposed national wildlife area at Igaliqtuuq nego tiated by the designated Hunters and Trappers Organization (HTO) of Clyde River and the CWS. This is the first negotiated IIBA for a conservation area. It awaits resolution as to whether CWS will negotiate economic opportunities.

IIBA are also to be negotiated for major profit generating development projects between Inuit and industry. One major development project IIBA was completed in 1997-98, the Ulu Project in the Kitikmeot. The project has since been put on hold by Echo Bay Mines due to falling prices in precious metals.

Inuit Water Rights

Article 20 of the Agreement provides for Inuit water rights. DIO responsibilities have not yet been designated, a major article of Inuit rights under the Agreement that remains to be implemented. In November 1997 and March 1998, the regions and NTI agreed to the RIAs being designated the DIO. This approach implied two general responsibilities:

When the DIO determines that waters may be affected by a proposed project, it can require the proponent to:

Water monitoring will be based on standards agreed to by all regions. The RIAs and NTI will remain vigilant and active to ensure that existing Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, Environment Canada and other programs are maintained, as a minimum, at current levels.

Implementation Administration

In order to develop a systematic approach to ensure that all parties are Implementing the Agreement, NTI resolved to dedicate a full-time manager to the Implementation Department to undertake claim implementation monitoring.

In March 1998, NTI decided to move its Implementation Department from Cambridge Bay to Iqaluit, the future Nunavut capital, to facilitate consultation and collaboration on claim implementation responsibilities with the Government of Nunavut.

Business and Economic Development

In October 1997, the TG finalized a set of measures called Contracting Procedures in the Nunavut Settlement Area which had been approved by the NTI Board of Directors the previous February.

Although NTI has yet to come to an agreement with the Government of Canada on contracting procedures for federal contracts outlined in Article 24 of the Agreement, the work of the Nunavut Construction Corporation proceeded on schedule through 1997-98, and will continue for three more years. The Corporation was formed as a result of a part nering arrangement between the federal government and Inuit regarding the construction and ownership of infrastructure required by the Government of Nunavut.

In 1997-98, 60 Inuit businesses enrolled in the Inuit Firm Registry bringing the total number registered to 230. The NTI Business Development Department will renew its publicity campaign to enrol firms with the Registry in the coming year.

At the same time, the NTI Business Development Department will look at measures to tighten up the interpretation of Article 24, to ensure that Inuit are in full control of registered Inuit firms.

Department of Legal Services

As the Agreement is in its fifth year of implementation and the coming of the Nunavut Territory draws nearer, a substantial amount of legal work continued to be generated for NTIs Department of Legal Services.

The first court decision under the Agreement was made on July 14, 1997 by the Federal Court of Canada in Nunavut Tunngavik Inc. v. Minister of Fisheries and Oceans. The Court set aside the Minister of Fisheries and Ocean's 1997 turbot alloca tions in Davis Strait, which were found to be set without giving special consideration to the principles of adjacency and economic dependence of Nunavut Inuit. This decision was subsequently appealed to the Federal Court of Appeal by the Minister. On September 12, 1997, NTI brought another judicial review application in the Federal Court, challenging the Ministers August 1997 redetermination of the quota on the grounds that it did not comply with the July 14 decision.

NTI lawyers continued consultations with the federal government on legislation to implement the Agreement's provisions on the Nunavut Water Board under Article 13 and the Surface Rights Tribunal under Article 21. Significant progress has been made in achieving a bill that reflects the intent of the Agreement, including provisions reflecting the interrelationships among the Agreement's Institutions of Public Government. However, substantial areas of disagreement remain to be resolved.

The Department provided ongoing advice on business-related issues, including the development and approval of contracting procedures under Article 24 with the TG; advice in connection with the lawsuit launched by Toonoonik Sahoonik Co-operative Ltd. against the federal government regarding the partnering arrangement under which Nunavut Construction Corporation is to build and own the new infrastructure requirements of the Government of Nunavut; and legal advice regarding specific applications for Inuit firm status and specific contracts for services in the Nunavut Settlement Area. Legal advice was required in connection with the following matters related to the Agreement's co-management bodies:

The NTI Department of Legal Services provided monitoring and advice in connection with the negotiation of IIBA under Articles 8 and 9 for parks and conservation areas in the Nunavut Settlement Area including the IIBA for the proposed Wager Bay National Park being negotiated by the Kivalliq Inuit Association, the IIBA for the proposed Igaliqtuuq National Wildlife Area being negotiated by the Clyde River HTO, the IIBA for three Baffin Island national parks being negotiated by the Qikiqtani Inuit Association and an umbrella IIBA for territorial parks being negotiated by NTI.

Legal advice was also provided in connection with the following resource-related matters:

Inuit Heritage Trust Incorporated

The Inuit Heritage Trust (IHT) plays a lead role in the management of archaeological sites and resources in the Nunavut Settlement Area under Article 33.4 of the Agreement. IHT activities include:

Nunavut Social Development Council

The Nunavut Social Development Council (NSDC) has the responsibility under Article 32 of the Agreement to participate in the design of social and cultural policies, programs and services established by government within the Nunavut Settlement Area.

In 1997-98, workshops were held on the use of traditional knowledge in social and cultural programs, and the justice system.

The NSDC board also participated in two workshops to plan future goals and review board responsibilities to the NSDC, the people of Nunavut and NTI.

The following are accomplishments of individual workshops:

The NSDC continued to work as a member of the Inuit Technical Committee on Social Policy Renewal established by the federal government for advice on Aboriginal social policy. NSDC brought the concerns and ideas of Inuit to the attention of senior policy makers.

The Council also participated in a round table meeting with the TG social envelope departments. The meeting allowed the Council to raise Nunavut Inuit concerns and to ensure government programs reflect the values of Inuit culture. In 1997-98, the NSDC offices moved from Iqaluit to Igloolik.

Return to Table of Contents





Chapter 4 - Summary of Activities: Territorial Government

Ministry of Aboriginal Affairs

During 1997-98, the Ministry of Aboriginal Affairs worked closely with the parties to the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement and various implementing bodies established by the Agreement. The Ministry co-ordinated the implementation activities of all Territorial Government (TG) departments and reported regularly on the status of these activities. Senior Ministry officials participated in meetings of the Nunavut Implementation Panel and its working group.

In addition to regular meetings with representatives of each department, the Ministry held its annual workshop for all TG implementation personnel from September 2 to 5, 1997. These meetings ensured departmental officials were aware of critical implementation activities, schedules and their funding status.

An inter-jurisdictional claims implementation conference was hosted by the Ministry from August 19 to 21, 1997. Participants included representatives from British Columbia, Ontario, Quebec, Newfoundland and Yukon. A variety of implementation topics were discussed, and all participants agreed to meet regularly to discuss issues and share ideas. In preparation for the creation of the Territory of Nunavut on April 1, 1999, the Ministry participated in the division planning process. The goal is to develop a plan to facilitate the transfer of the activities that will become the responsibility of the Government of Nunavut. The Ministry will be working with the staff of the Government of Nunavut to ensure all the TG's implementation obligations, including the role of the Ministry, are identified.

The Ministry assisted and advised the Department of Resources, Wildlife and Economic Development (RWED) regarding the ongoing development of an Inuit Impact Benefit Agreement (IIBA) for territorial parks. An IIBA is to be developed pursuant to Article 8 of the Agreement.

The Ministry attended an initial meeting between the Nunavut Social Development Committee established under Article 52 of the Agreement and the deputy ministers of the social envelope departments of the Territorial Government on July 8 and 9, 1997. The discussion centred on how these two groups can work and communicate on social policy issues. The Ministry assisted the Departments of Municipal and Community Affairs, and Justice in the transfer of municipal lands to individual community governments in the Nunavut Settlement Area. This transfer is an obligation under Article 14 of the Agreement.

To date, substantial resources have been used in effecting this transfer, and the TG is committed to ensuring it is completed as expeditiously as possible.

Through their participation on the Nunavut Implementation Panel, Ministry officials reviewed and provided advice on all training documents provided by the Nunavut Implementation Training Committee.

Department of Resources, Wildlife and Economic Development

The Department of Resources, Wildlife and Economic Development (RWED) provided support and advice to the Nunavut Wildlife Management Board (NWMB), Regional Wildlife Organizations (RWOs) and local Hunters and Trappers Organizations (HTOs). Regional land claim co-ordinators worked actively with RWOs, HTOs and Regional Inuit Associations (RIAs) on projects related to renewable resource harvesting, resource development and administrative matters.

Pursuant to Article 8 of the Agreement, the Department worked closely with Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporated in developing an IIBA for territorial parks. It is expected that the next draft IIBA will be tabled in September 1998.

In compliance with Article 8.4.16 of the Agreement, Inuktitut translations of all RWED publications aimed at informing the Canadian public about parks in the Nunavut Settlement Area are available. Any information for the public within any park in the Nunavut Settlement Area will also be produced in one or more of Canada's official languages and in Inuktitut.

RWED continued (o work in co-operation and consultation with each Nunavut community to support the shared objectives of encouraging employment opportunities and economic self-sufficiency. The Department assisted Nunavut businesses and individuals to gain financing from its programs and from other government and private sources.

Department of Justice

The Department of Justice continued to contribute to the ongoing implementation of the Agreement. The Land Titles Office worked with Municipal and Community Affairs to continue conveying land within the built-up area of each municipality to those municipalities that had enacted the necessary by-laws to acquire and administer the lands. Certificates of title were issued for all conveyances received, estimated at 60 percent of the parcels required to be conveyed. This transfer of land is required under Article 14 of the Agreement.

An additional 14 descriptive map plans for the Inuit Owned Lands parcels were registered over the last year pursuant to Article 19 of the Agreement. Notifications to issue title to almost all of the Inuit Owned Lands parcels were received in February and March 1998. It was anticipated that certificates of title will be issued for these parcels by the end of May 1998.

The Legislation Division worked on wildlife regulations which needed to be amended because of the realignment of the boundaries of wildlife management units, zones and areas to conform to the settlement area.

Legal advice and assistance were provided by Legal Division on a variety of matters including territorial parks and IIBA, wildlife provisions, municipal lands and other issues involving the application of territorial legislation.

Department of Municipal and Community Affairs

The Department of Municipal and Community Affairs (MACA) continued to implement its responsibilities under the Agreement during 1997-98, especially with regard to Article 14, the conveyance of municipal lands to Nunavut municipalities.

Departmental staff were extensively engaged in preparing all land transfer documents for municipal lots in order that the titles could be registered at the Land Titles Office when community by-laws are finalized. The land turnovers are now substantially.

Return to Table of Contents





Chapter 5 - Summary of Activities: Government of Canada

Economic Activity and Employment

In 1997-98, the federal government continued to implement the objectives of Article 24 of the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement to provide support and assistance to Inuit firms to enable them to compete for government contracts.

The Department of Public Works and Government Services (PWGSC) assisted Nunavut businesses with information kits and seminars on federal government bidding and con tracting procedures. PWGSC delivered a seminar to more than 30 participants in Iqaluit on August 15 and 14, 1997. Topics included doing business with the federal government, writing- effective proposals, comprehensive land claim agreements, registering in the ACCORD and SPEC computerized supplier registration and sourcing systems for real property contracting, and a demonstration of the MERX electronic tendering system.

Three agreements between Human Resources Development Canada and Regional Inuit Organizations (RIOs) have devolved responsibility for training programs funded through the Consolidated Revenue funding. Employment Insurance Part II funds, and Operations and Maintenance/Administrative Funding to the Inuit Organizations. The agreements, signed on March 13.1997, are worth $6,478,050 per year for three years, and will be in place until March 31, 1999.

Environmental and Wildlife Management

The objectives of Article 5 of the Agreement are to create a system of harvesting rights, priorities and privileges, and wildlife management.

Environment Canada continued to fulfil its obligation relating to the Nunavut Wildlife Management Board (NWMB). A summary of Environment Canada's wildlife research was presented to the NWMB and is listed in NWMB's section of this report.

The Canadian Wildlife Service (CWS) of Environment Canada consulted with the Department of Resources, Wildlife and Economic Development of the Territorial Government (TG) and Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporated (NTI) on a study to determine the need for amendments or new legislation to designate and manage land and marine conservation areas in the Nunavut Settlement Area as outlined in Article 9.3.1 of the Agreement. Terms of reference were produced for a contract that was tendered in May 1997. It should be completed by the tall of 1998.

As the Inuit Impact and Benefit Agreement (IIBA) for the proposed Igaliqtuuq National Wildlife Area, under Article 9.4.1 of the Agreement, was nearing completion, the federal government and the Designated Inuit Organization (DIO) planned formal appointments

to the management committee for Igaliqtuuq. IIBA negotiations began in September 1997, on appointment of the Nangmautaq Hunters and Trappers Organization as the DIO. A draft IIBA was produced In March 1998.

Formal appointment of a management committee for the Nirjutiqavvik National Wildlife Area awaits the commencement of an IIBA. Environment Canada and the Qikiqtani Inuit Association, designated the DIO in the fall of 1997, had preliminary discussions, but IIBA negotiations did not begin.

Management and planning for Nirjutiqavvik and Igaliqtuuq wildlife areas under Article 9.3.7 of the Agreement were handled in 1997-98 through ad hoc committees composed of Inuit and federal government members.

All Environment Canada and CWS public materials dealing with Nunavut and Environment Canada administered conservation areas were made available in Inuktitut and English/French pursuant to Articles 8.4.16 and 9.4.3 of the Agreement. The Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO) continued to work closely with the NWMB and the three Regional Wildlife Organizations on clarifying roles and responsibilities under Article 5 of the Agreement.

DFO is a member of the Canada-Greenland Joint Commission on Beluga and Narwhal. The Commission held its December 1997 meeting in Iqaluit with full participation by Inuit.

DFO continued to work co-operatively with the DFO Laurentian Region, the Makivik Corporation and the NWMB on the status and management of eastern Hudson Bay beluga.

A meeting in Iqaluit in December 1997 between the Director of Resource Management and the NWMB discussed management of northern shrimp and Sub Area 0 turbot for 1998.

DFO continued to carry out stock assessments and met NWMB subcommittees to explain research results to allow for effective and informed management decisions. DFO continued to use implementation funds and NWMB Research Trust funds for stock assessment. It worked on development of stock management plans with the NWMB, participated in an NWMB workshop to review the narwhal management structure and continued to co-operate with the NWMB on management plans of high profile stocks.

A new licensing regime planning process continued for the Special Features of Inuit Harvesting in Article 5.7 of the Agreement.

The issue of fishery allocations, specifically for turbot in Davis Strait, between DFO and the NWMB continued. DFO launched an appeal of the Court decision of July 14, 1997. NTI applied to the federal court for a judicial review of the Minister's second decision (Article 15.3 and 15.4).

The Minister of Fisheries and Oceans accepted the NWMB's recommendation for a total allowable harvest of one bowhead whale for 1997-98 under Article 5.6.16. This hunt was planned for July 1998 at Pangnirtung. DFO provided advice to the Hunt Planning Committee of Pangnirtung.

DFO continued to monitor walrus sport hunting in the Nunavut Settlement Area. Hunts in tour locations were approved for the next fiscal year.

Department of Canadian Heritage

Article 8 of the Agreement provides for the establishment of Auyuittuq and Ellesmere Island National Park Reserves as national parks and for a new national park on northern Baffin Island. The federal government and the Qikiqtani Inuit Association continued negotiation of an IIBA for these parks. The parties agreed to conclude the IIBA by June 30, 1998.

With the NWMB and department of Canadian Heritage working together, an ecosystems conservation plan was completed and approved for Auyuittuq National Park Reserve in compliance with Article 9.2.1 of the Agreement.

In February 1998, a new five-year land withdrawal for a national park in the Bluenose Lake area was implemented by order-in-council to replace the 1995 land withdrawal which was due to expire March 1998. In 1996, an agreement had been reached between Parks Canada, the Inuvialuit and Territorial Government to establish Tuktut Nogait National Park in that portion of the proposed park lying within the Inuvialuit Settlement Region. The possible addition to the park of land within the Nunavut Settlement Area is being considered as part of the West Kitikmeot land use planning process.

Parks Canada and the Kivalliq Inuit Association continued to negotiate an IIBA for the proposed national park at Wager Bay. Negotiating sessions were held in Repulse Bay in May 1997, and in Rankin Inlet in November 1997 and March 1998. In October 1997, Parks Canada agreed to provide funding to enable a representative from each of the seven communities in the Keewatin to participate in the IIBA negotiations.

A new park feasibility study, including community consultations, continued for the proposed national park on northern Bathurst Island.

Under Article 9.2.1 of the Agreement, oral histories supporting national park and national historic sites initiatives were undertaken in the vicinity of Northern Foxe Basin, Thelon River, Pond Inlet, Grise Fiord, Pangnirtung, Broughton Island and Iqaluit. Consultations were completed with the people of Arviat and Baker Lake for the development of conservation and protection plans for the Arvia'juaq and Fall Caribou Crossing National Historic Sites near those communities. Costsharing agreements for Arvia'juaq Fall Caribou Crossing were signed by the Minister and arc being implemented.

Archaeology permit applications for work in Nunavut national parks were submitted for review to the Inuit Heritage Trust in accordance with Article 33.5 of the Agreement.

During the year. Parks Canada and the Inuit Heritage Trust produced an educational poster on harpoons which was distributed throughout Nunavut. Work is under way on cultural resource management plans for Auyuittuq and Ellesmere Island National Park Reserves in compliance with Article 33.2.

A joint Parks Canada and Inuit thematic study to identify a framework for assessing proposals for the commemoration of sites of national historic significance continued and is scheduled for completion in 1999. In addition to a report to be tabled to the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, several products are being developed for release during the celebrations for the launch of Nunavut. These will include a publication entitled Inuit Traditions: An Oral History of Nunavut. Work continued to integrate collected material into the Nunavut high school curriculum.

As a co-operative venture under Article 9.2 of the Agreement, Parks Canada worked with the community of Pond Inlet, the TG and other agencies to develop and install interpretive displays in the Pond Inlet Nature Centre. The official opening will take place in the spring of 1998.

Land and Water Management

The Land Administration Division of the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development (DIAND) is responsible for the administration of Crown lands in the Nunavut Settlement Area. This includes the issuance of land use permits, land leases, quarry permits and recording of mineral claims. According to Article 12.2.5 of the Agreement, before any of these authorities can be issued, the Nunavut Impact Review Board (NIRB) must screen the project proposals to ensure the integrity of the Nunavut Settlement Area ecosystem is protected. Once approved land use plans arc in place, project proposals must comply with the plan before they are allowed to proceed. Within the Nunavut Settlement Area during 1997-98 the following were issued: 23 land use permits, four land leases and five land reserves.

DIAND's Water Resources Division provided advice to the Nunavut Water Board and on technical reviews of projects including the Iqaluit sewage treatment and wetlands study, the Baker Lake water quality study, the Jericho quality analysis/quality control plan, the Pangnirtung sewage treatment facilities, the Boston Project, the Nanisivik water licence renewal and numerous exploratory drilling reviews. DIAND also presented a formal intervention in the public hearing for the Igloolik municipal water licence held by the NWB.

DIAND continued to enforce the terms and conditions of the authorities issued by DIAND and NWB. The Department met with NIRB in February 1998 to provide information on the inspection activities of DIAND, improve communications and further define working relationships and roles. Copies of all inspection reports in Nunavut will be sent to NIRB.

Natural Resources Canada is responsible for surveying the Inuit Owned Lands and land jointly owned with the Inuit of Northern Quebec under Article 19.8.8 of the Agreement. This involves the survey and demarcation of approximately 1,155 Inuit Owned Lands parcels and 12 jointly owned land parcels, all Crown land areas excluded from these parcels, and plan preparation and delivery to the Registrar of Land Titles.

This year, 160 parcels were surveyed which now brings the total to 800 parcels (65 percent) surveyed. Survey plans are being prepared, will be recorded in the Canada Land Survey Records and will be delivered to the Registrar of Land Titles.

More than $3,200,000 was contracted for the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement survey program and related activities in 1997-98. Thirty-seven percent of the dollar value of the contracts was awarded to Inuit businesses or individuals through direct employment, subcontracts or provision of services to the contractor.

Six major survey projects were contracted for Inuit Owned Lands parcels, and Crown land areas excluded from the Inuit Owned Lands. The surveys included two in Bathurst Inlet area, Kitikmeot region; one each in Repulse Bay and Coral Harbour areas, Kivalliq region; and one each in Resolute and Arctic Bay, Qikiqtani (Baffin) region.

Defence

The Department of National Defence provided the Designated Inuit Organizations and the Regional Inuit Associations with yearly training plans and notice of exercises approximately one month prior to any exercise in accordance with Article 21.5. Affected communities were also advised of forthcoming activities.

The Nunavut Settlement Area has 15 of the 21 sites that are no longer required for the operation of the North Warning System. Negotiations with the Inuit of Nunavut for a co-operation agreement on the clean-up of the sites continued in 1997-98.

Legislation

DIAND, in consultation with NTI, TG, NWB and the Surface Rights Tribunal (SRT), continued to develop the Nunavut Water Management and Nunavut Surface Rights bill. The bill was intended to be introduced in the spring of 1998. However, DIAND and NTI disagreed on the approval of water use in Nunavut and the role of government in the liability regime for wildlife compensation.

Further consultation resulted in additional changes to the bill which will be introduced in Parliament at the earliest opportunity.

Federal Co-ordination of Implementation Activities

The Claims Implementation Branch of DIAND is responsible for monitoring federal government activities to ensure Canada meets its obligations under the Agreement. The Branch is also responsible for funding arrangements with the TG and all implementing bodies established by the Agreement, as well as for capital transfer payments to the Nunavut Trust.

During 1997-98, the Branch participated actively in all aspects of implementation of the Agreement including:

Capital Transfer Payments

Nunavut Trust

Resource Royalties

Nunavut Trust

Implementation Funding

Government of the Northwest Territories

Arbitration Board

Nunavut Impact Review Board

Nunavut Planning Commission

Surface Rights Tribunal

Nunavut Water Board

Nunavut Wildlife Management Board

Return to Table of Contents





Chapter 6 - Implementing Bodies

6.1 Arbitration Board

The Arbitration Board was created under Article 38 of the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement. The role of the nine-member board is to resolve disputes arising from the implementation of the Agreement.

The Board held its 1997-98 annual meeting in Iqaluit. The Board took this opportunity to further its training with mock hearings pertinent to Nunavut issues.

6.2 Nunavut Wildlife Management Board

The Nunavut Wildlife Management Board (NWMB) completed four years as the main instrument of wildlife management in the Nunavut Settlement Area pursuant to Article 5 of the Agreement. The NWMB enjoyed a full complement of staff during the report period.

Wildlife Management Highlights

Research is necessary to ensure that wildlife resources are harvested in a knowledgeable and sustainable way so that Nunavummiut can continue the hunting and fishing so essential to their way of life. The NWMB has the lead role and is committed to making wildlife research responsive to the needs and concerns of people, to recognize Inuit knowledge and culture, and to address their priorities.

The NWMB recognizes the importance of ensuring that the communities and regions in the Nunavut Settlement Area have a voice and can participate in wildlife research as outlined in Article 5.2.37 of the Agreement. To this end, the NWMB hosted workshops on developing wildlife research priorities. These workshops brought together representatives from across the Nunavut Settlement Area, as well as government researchers and managers to prioritize wildlife stocks and research questions. The research priorities of the NWMB are conveyed to government and nongovernmental organizations for action, and to direct its own research funding.

The NWMB funds its own wildlife research and research by non-governmental organiza tions. The NWMB through the Nunavut Wildlife Research Trust funds government departments to carry out research pursuant to Section 5.17 of the Implementation Contract.

Nunavut Wildlife Research Trust

More than $700,000 was made available in 1997-98 to government departments to carry out research that was of high priority to the NWMB. Funding proposals are considered by the NWMB annually at the February meeting. The following projects were funded under this program in 1997-98.

Canadian Wildlife Service:

Department of Fisheries and Oceans:

Department of Resources, Wildlife and Economic Development (RWED):

NWMB Research Funding

More than $106,000 was made available to non-governmental organizations to carry out research. Funding proposals were considered by the NWMB throughout the year. Alviit Hunters and Trappers Association, Coral Harbour:

Department of Resources, Wildlife and Economic Development on behalf of the Nativak Hunters and Trappers Organization (HTO), Clyde River and Mittimatalik HTOs:

Aviq HTO:

Nattivak HTO:

Resolute Bay HTO:

Arvial HTO:

Nunavut Wildlife Harvest Study

The NWMB completed two years of the five-year Nunavut Wildlife Harvest Study mandated under Article 5.4 of the Agreement. Inuit participants report the number of animals they harvest each month to the NWMB. The Board will use this information to ensure that Inuit maintain priority over the use of wildlife resources in the Nunavut Settlement Area and contribute to the sound management and utilization of these resources.

During the second year of the study, the NWMB concentrated on collection and manage ment of the data. This will remain the priority for the next three years. On completion, the NWMB will analyse the data and produce a comprehensive report on the number of animals harvested and on any seasonal patterns and locations of the harvest. Data collected by the study will be available tree to government and Inuit. During the past year, data were provided on request whenever possible.

Inuit Bowhead Knowledge Study

During 1995 and 1996, 257 individual interviews with elders and hunters in 18 communities were carried out to record sightings, location and concentration of bowhead whales in the Nunavut Settlement Area in compliance with Article 5.5 of the Agreement. Of these interviews, 175 have been translated and transcribed. Small group workshops were carried out in eight communities. All map data collected during the study have been digitized and will be entered into a Geographical Information System (GIS) at the Nunavut Planning Commission (NPC) office.

In November 1997, the Inuit Bowhead Knowledge Study Committee met to draft a preliminary table of contents for the final report of the study. The committee decided on these main topics in the final report:

A protocol for analysis and synthesis of the text information in relation to the above topics was developed. For the final report, digital map information will be composed using a GIS at the Nunavut Planning Commission to display Inuit knowledge of distribution and migration of bowhead whales at different seasons, as well as the locations of Inuit and commercial whaling grounds.

The final report of the Inuit Bowhead Knowledge Study was expected to be completed by August 1998 with publication by December 1998.

6.3 Nunavut Implementation Training Committee

The Nunavut Implementation Training Committee (NITC) was established under Article 37, Part 5 of the Agreement. NITC held a workshop in September 1997 to bring together implementation organizations, training institutions, facilitators, and the staff and board of the NITC. Presentations included the NTI Building From Within project, the Consolidated Implementation Training Work Plan and the Training Support Request Guide.

The Building From Within project is the first implementation organization training plan NITC has received. It identified training needs of the organization and board. It also identified full-time Inuit senior management trainee positions required to meet Inuit representation levels. The training needs assessment form and process were available for use and adaption to all implementation organizations.

The workshop was viewed as beginning the process of building the capacity of implementation organizations in human resource and organizational development.

The Nunavut Beneficiaries Scholarship Program continued to encourage post-secondary students pursuing academic excellence. There were 120 scholarships awarded in the 1997-98 academic year. One scholarship recipient, Allen Mikitok Duffy, graduated with honours from the University of Saskatchewan with a degree in physics and a certificate in mathematical physics.

The NITC continued to receive, co-ordinate and provide assistance to implementation organizations in developing their Inuit human resources for the continued implementation of the Agreement.

6.4 Nunavut planning commission

The Nunavut Planning Commission (NPC) was established pursuant to Article 11 of the Agreement. During the reporting period, NPC submitted two revised land use plans to government, published a third plan, launched a new land use planning exercise, began work on monitoring in the Nunavut Settlement Area, and was nominated for a public sector award. Land use planning is either under way or complete in four of the six planning regions in Nunavut Settlement Area.

One of the most important tasks the NPC undertook was to ensure existing land use plans were updated and within the terms of Article 11.4.4 of the Agreement. To that end, the NPC submitted for approval by government the Revised Keewatin Regional Land Use Plan and the Revised North Baffin Regional Land Use Plan. These were developed following community meetings and informal public hearings in both planning regions. The NPC is awaiting a reply from government on these plans.

The draft West Kitikmeot Regional Land Use Plan was published in September. This plan was circulated for comment and was the subject of the West Kitikmeot Regional Land Use Planning Workshop No. 6 in January 1998 in Cambridge Bay. Attended by community representatives from Cambridge Bay, Kugluktuk, Omingmaktok and Bathurst Inlet, as well as government and industry, the workshop provided the opportunity to assess the draft plan and its recommendations. Following the workshop, a revised plan was published and used at community meetings. Once the West Kitikmeot plan is finalized, it will be submitted to government for approval.

A new land use planning process was launched in the South Baffin involving the communities of Pangnirtung, Cape Dorset, Kimmirut, Broughton Island and Iqaluit. The NPC held two planning workshops in Iqaluit for communities, government and industry. The meeting identified land use planning issues and will guide the next stages of the planning process.

Under the Agreement, the NPC is required to work with DIAND to generate a monitoring program for the Nunavut Settlement Area. West Kitikmeot was identified for a pilot project since land use planning is advanced in the region. Work began with a workshop in Cambridge Bay with representatives from regional and community organizations. The participants identified a list of indicators and provided direction for further work on the monitoring program.

The NPC held a community meeting in Cape Dorset in November 1997 to discuss issues related to the ownership and use of islands in the waters between the Nunavut Settlement Area and the Nunavik Marine Region under Article 40 of the Agreement. More than 100 people attended, along with the local member of the Legislative Assembly and two representatives from Makivik Corporation. Of special importance to the communities is the status of Nottingham and Salisbury islands, which are lands equally shared by the Inuit of northern Quebec and the Inuit of Nunavut. Further work is planned on the issue of the offshore boundaries.

Together with the Nunavut Wildlife Management Board, the Nunavut Water Board and the Nunavut Impact Review Board, the NPC held the first meeting of the Institutions of Public Government in December 1997. The meeting allowed members of the boards to discuss issues of common concern. These bodies began discussions about the development and role of the Nunavut Marine Council, which may be established under Article 15.4.1 of the Agreement.

Mapping work began in the South Baffin with the NPC's regional liaison officer visiting all the communities to collect information on the use of lands and waters. This information will be digitized, along with data on clean-up sites, archaeological and heritage sites, and wildlife habitat. It will become the foundation of the land use maps for the planning process. Similar work continued in the Keewatin, North Baffin and West Kitikmeot Regions.

NPC moved map making north. In March 1998, NPC offices in Arviat, Rankin Inlet, Iqaluit, Pond Inlet, Cambridge Bay and Taloyoak were upgraded with new GIS facilities. These communities now have complete regional GIS data sets. They can produce maps locally for interested individuals, groups and organizations. In addition, GIS training continued to ensure that regional co-ordinators can expand their knowledge of GIS software, hardware and data.

The conversion of the National Topographic Data Base was completed. All 350 map sheets for the Nunavut Settlement Area are now in Arc/Info format. The GIS Department of the NPC performed quality assurance work on the files, which will be sent to partner agencies this fall.

The NPC entered into a partnership program with ESRI Canada Limited and Jonah Amit'naaq Secondary School in Baker Lake. Under the program, the NPC provided GIS hardware, data and expertise to the school. ESRI Canada provided GIS software at no cost to the students and staff.

Work continued on the West Kitikmeot Slave Eskers Study. The NPC integrated further field data and produced numerous additional maps.

The NPC provided mapping services in support of Parks Canada's Inuit place names project in the Keewatin.

The NPC provided data and expertise to the RWED's Coronation Gulf mineral development area initiative.

Work continued on the development of a centralized projects registry system for use by project proponents and the Institutions of Public Government.

Finally, the NPC, during the reporting period, was recognized in three ways.

6.5 Nunavut Impact Review Board

The Nunavut Impact Review Board (NIRB) fulfilled its mandate under Article 12 of the Agreement to protect and promote the integrity of the ecosystem in the Nunavut Settlement Area for the existing and future well-being of the residents through its environmental assessment process.

Since its inception in July 1996, NIRB has assessed 120 project proposals (110 proposals in 1997-98) for environmental and socio-economic impacts. The projects included mineral exploration, winter roads, quarries, camps, bulk storage of fuel, marine works, tourism, environmental research, abandonment and restoration.

In 1997-98, NIRB's operational procedures were reviewed and updated, and a draft Rules of Practice developed. These two documents outline NIRB's environmental assessment process within the Nunavut Settlement Area, and provide guidelines for submission of project proposals and methods of public involvement in the process.

The Board has recognized a need for public education regarding the NIRB process and the mechanisms established for public involvement in environmental assessment. For this reason, NIRB conducted public information tours throughout the regions of the Nunavut Settlement Area. Board members travelled to all communities in North Baffin in September and October in 1997 and the Kitikmeot in October. NIRB visited the most of South Baffin in February 1998.

At public meetings, community members discussed their concerns and priorities and learned about the NIRB. Since the tours, NIRB has received more public input on project proposal screenings.

A six-page colour brochure, the "Summary of the Environmental Assessment Process", was produced and translated for the general public. NIRB finalized its Human Resource Manual, as well as policies for tendering, contract administration and investment.

NIRB also considered the creation of an independent scholarship and trainees bursary society to support individuals from the Nunavut Settlement Area pursuing post-sec ondary education in fields related to environmental assessment. NIRB offered summer and part-time employment to youth from the Nunavut Settlement Area. This informed young people about the NIRB and opportunities available for students who remain committed to their studies.

The Institutions of Public Government established under the Agreement discussed related mandates and issues of common concern. They also considered opportunities for cost sharing on initiatives related To each hoard and the resource management system as a whole, such as joint publication of annual reports, Web page development and public education.

In April 1997, NIRB participated in the General Monitoring Workshop held in Cambridge Bay. Hosted by DIAND and NPC, the conference focussed on establishing the General Monitoring Program outlined in the Agreement. Follow-up meetings ensured appropriate scientific and Inuit knowledge resources were consulted to reflect the state of the environment of Nunavut accurately.

As the pace of development accelerates in the Nunavut Settlement Area, cumulative effects assessment is becoming an extremely important factor in NIRB screening and in determining the overall impact of a proposed project. This was recognized in the Agreement by ensuring that small projects normally exempt from screening must be referred to NIRB for cumulative effects assessment. A paper on cumulative effects assessment in the Nunavut Settlement Area was prepared by the NIRB and presented at the international conference of the Canadian Circumpolar Institute, May 1 to 4, 1997, in Edmonton. The cumulative effects assessment document will be published in the conference proceedings. NIRB intends to work with the other boards and agencies with a cumulative effects mandate to develop more concrete guidelines for proponents.

To acquaint the mining industry with the environmental assessment and regulatory process outlined in the Agreement. NIRB took part in the Calgary conference of the Canadian Institute of Resources Laws. Mineral Exploration and Mine Development in the Nunavut Settlement Area, December 11 and 12, 1997.

NIRB also participated in the Nunavut Mining Symposium in Cambridge Bay, March 27 to 30, 1998. It chaired a panel on the regulatory processes in Nunavut. The panel provided the mining industry and associated businesses with a better understanding of NIRB requirements and gave NIRB the opportunity to hear the concerns of industry. NIRB assured the mining industry and other private sectors that it is co-operating and co-ordinating with other agencies and boards.

As a part of NIRB's mandate, the Board must use traditional Inuit knowledge and recognized scientific methods in ecosystem analysis of project proposals. Since ownership and intellectual property rights are associated with this, NIRB decided to investigate appropriate actions and means of incorporating Inuit knowledge and value systems into the NIRB process.

NIRB participated in and supported the traditional knowledge conference of the Nunavut Social Development Council in Igloolik, March 20 to 23, 1998. The insight and perspective of traditional knowledge holders and community delegates will help develop protocols and guidelines for the application of traditional Inuit knowledge in Nunavut.

NIRB hosted a contaminants in northern environments course. With financial support from the Nunavut Implementation Training Committee, the course explained contaminant pathways in permafrost regions, as well as mitigation measures to minimize the impact of development activities on the Nunavut Settlement Area. Participants included the NIRB Board and its staff, as well as members of Grise Fiord and Baker Lake Hamlet Council, Ikaluqtutiaq Hunters and Trappers Organizations, DIAND, RWED, NWB, Kitikmeot Inuit Association and Nunavut Arctic College science and technology students.

6.6 Nunavut Water Board

The Nunavut Water Board (NWB), established under Article 13 of the Agreement, marked its second year in 1997-98 and is fully operational.

Pursuant to a decision of the Board in June 1997, the head office is now in Gjoa Haven in the eastern Kitikmeot region where the public registry of applications and licences issued by the Board is maintained. The Board's permanent staff consists of an executive director, secretary to the Board, Inuktitut translator, technical advisor, office manager, project clerk and licence administrator. To assist the Board with the review of applications, the services of a geotechnical engineer, a municipal engineer, an environmental scientist, and security and liability advisors are retained on a contractual basis. The chairperson of the Board works from an office located in Baker Lake in the Kivalliq region.

A fire destroyed the Gjoa Haven head office and seriously affected the work of the Board, delaying the review and approval of several applications. The building, equipment and files of the Board were completely destroyed. Most files were reconstructed with the assistance of various organizations, but there are still gaps and missing data. Restoration of the files will continue in 1998-99.

The Board had eight members with a ninth to be appointed by the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development on nomination by NTI. The members and staff of the NWB were saddened by the death of board member Rose Okpik from the community of Pangnirtung.

The Board held five regular sittings including a public hearing in Igloolik. Training workshops, conferences and symposia were organized in conjunction with regular Board sittings. Board members also attended a Calgary conference on mining in Nunavut in December 1997 and met with co-management boards to discuss issues of common interest. They also took part in a training workshop on water management in the mining industry.

Because the Government of Canada failed to introduce implementation legislation with respect to water management in the Nunavut Settlement Area, the Board was faced with operational difficulties. For example, the Board could not constitute itself into panels in the absence of legislation, and all applications are initially subject to a hearing and an environmental screening because there are no classes or types of applications prescribed by regulation for which a public hearing need not be held. This caused serious concern to the Board and to the applicants, on which an unduly lengthy and costly process is imposed.

The Board waived public hearings for all applications received this year with the exception of the Igloolik municipal licence application. The Board can only waive this requirement when notice of application is given and no public concerns are expressed. A public hearing for this licence was held in February 1998. The Board continued to review the application and may issue a licence next year based on concerns expressed at the hearing and its own understanding of the issue.

The Board received applications and issued approvals for the following projects:

The Board also reviewed the preliminary environmental report filed by Lytton Mineral in support of a future application for the development of a diamond mine near Jericho Lake. Detailed comments on this report were to be made available to the proponent in June 1998.

The Board is also involved with NIRB, DIAND, NTI and Inuit land owners in a project headed by NPC to develop the Project Registry Information System to support the collection and Integration of project-related data from applicants. This is intended to facilitate the submission of applications in a "one stop shopping" environment, allowing for faster review and decision making, and providing enhanced communication between the agencies and applicants.

6.7 Surface Rights Tribunal

The Surface Rights Tribunal is an Institution of Public Government established under Article 21, the land and resources management regime of the Agreement. It is a quasi-judicial, independent arbitrator. The Tribunal's goal is to provide the fairest possible mechanism for the resolution of disputes within the context of the Agreement. The Tribunal will be responsible for settling disputes over access to lands, compensation payable to the surface titleholder for access, wildlife compensation claims and rights to carving stone or specified substances in the Nunavut Settlement Area.

Tribunal members were appointed in April of 1996. In 1997-98, the Tribunal concentrated its efforts on the initial tasks required to establish and maintain itself through a series of planning sessions, training workshops and participation at mining conferences.

The Tribunal developed draft policies and procedures to govern its operations. Operational planning resulted in further revisions to initial drafts of the following documents: the operations and administration manual, personnel policies and procedures, rules of procedure, and bylaws.

The rules of procedure for hearings took a considerable amount of time to bypass improper procedures which could subject the Tribunal to judicial review.

The Tribunal developed a communications strategy for industry and the people of Nunavut to promote awareness of its roles and functions, and introduced itself through presentations at conferences and magazine advertisements. The conferences attended by Tribunal members or staff included the Surface Rights Board's conference, Mineral Exploration and Development in Nunavut, Prospectors and Developers' Convention and the Nunavut Mining Symposium.

The Tribunal and staff met with the Alberta Surface Rights Board to observe its operations and attended a public hearing to learn from an established administrative board dealing with surface rights and compensation issues.

Tribunal members or staff participated in training workshops on decision writing, the hearing process and surface rights issues. The Tribunal also visited a mine site to examine operations. Other workshops were held to practice mock hearings.

The Tribunal began their collaboration of materials on Inuit traditional knowledge. Evidence of this nature will be given equal weight with scientific knowledge in the hearing process.

The Tribunal's legal review of its draft legislation resulted in consultations for changes in a draft of the Surface Rights Tribunal bill. The latest development to the draft bill is its amalgamation with the Nunavut Water Board s draft legislation, creating the proposed Nunavut Waters and Surface Rights Tribunal bill.

Return to Table of Contents





Appendix 1: Glossary of Terms

CWS

Canadian Wildlife Service

DIAND

Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development

DFO

Department of Fisheries and Oceans

DIO

Designated Inuit Organization

GIS

Geographical Information System

HTO

Hunters and Trappers Organizations

IHT

Inuit Heritage Trust

IIBA

Inuit Impact and Benefit Agreement

MACA

Department of Municipal and Community Affairs

NIRB

Nunavut Impact Review Board

NITC

Nunavut Implementation Training Committee

NLCA

Nunavut Land Claims Agreement

NSDC

Nunavut Social Development Council

NPC

Nunavut Planning Commission

NTI

Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporated

NWB

Nunavut Water Board

NWMB

Nunavut Wildlife Management Board

PWGSC

Public Works and Government Services Canada

QIA

Qikiqtani Inuit Association

RIA

Regional Inuit Association

RWO

Regional Wildlife Organization

RWED

Department of Resources, Wildlife and Economic Development

SRT

Surface Rights Tribunal

TG

Territorial Government

Return to Table of Contents





Appendix 2: Features of the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement

The Nunavut Land Claims Agreement, also referred to as the Nunavut Final Agreement:

Today, there are approximately 20,600 Inuit beneficiaries in the central and eastern Northwest Territories described as the Nunavut Settlement Area. This area includes approximately 1.9 million square kilometres in the Northwest Territories (one fifth of the total land mass of Canada), as well as adjacent offshore areas. Inuit constitute approximately 85 percent of the population in the Nunavut Settlement Area.

In exchange for ceding, releasing and surrendering to her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada all their Aboriginal claims, rights, title and interests, in and to lands and waters anywhere in Canada, the Agreement provides the Inuit of the Nunavut Settlement Area with:

Return to Table of Contents





Appendix 3: Membership of Implementing Bodies (as of March 31, 1998)

Arbitration Board

Andrew Tagak, Chairperson
Elizabeth Copland, Vice-chairperson
Anne Crawford
Keith Crowe
Violet Mac Ford
Letha J. MacLachlan
David T. McCann
Edward Picco
Robert Stanbury

Nunavut Implementation Training Committee

Peter Kritiqliluk, Chairperson
Kenny Adams
Gabriel Nirlungayuq
Peter Tapatai
Leona Aglukkaq
David Omilgoitok
Mary Wilman

Nunavut Wildlife Management Board

Ben Kovic, Chairperson
Harry Flaherty
Gordon D. Koshinsky
Kevin J. McCormick
Meeka Mike
Joan Scottie
Pauloosie Keyootak
Makabe Nartok
David Tagoona

Nunavut Planning Committee

Bobby Lyall, chairperson
Bob Aknavigak
Jobie Nutaraq
Louis Pilakapsi
Ronald Tologanak
Peter Suwaksiork
Akalayok Qavavau
Loseeosee Aipellee

Surface Rights Tribunal

Patricia Angnakak, Interim Chairperson
Eva Adams-Klaassen
Emile Inimaroitok
Peter Katorka
Tom Sammurtok

Nunavut Water Board

Thomas Kudloo, Chairperson
Guy Kakkianion
Robert Hanson
George Porter
Kono Tattuninee
Frank Ipakohak
David Oolooyuk
Peter Kattuk
Rose Okpik

Nunavut Impact Review Board

Larry Aknavigak, Chairperson
Kane Tologanak
Ruby Arngna'naaq
Duncan Cunningham
Elizabeth Copland
Ludy Pudluk
Henry Kablalik
Leona Aglukkaq
David Iqaqnalu


Return to Table of Contents





Appendix 4: Schedule of Payments

Capital Transfers to Nunavut Trust

(Net of Loan Repayment)

Date
May 25, 1993 ........................................................................$79,307,736
May 25, 1994 .......................................................................$ 50,895,504
May 25, 1995 .......................................................................$ 67,860,673
May 25, 1996 .......................................................................$ 84,825,841
May 25, 1997 ......................................................................$ 84, 825,841

Total $367,715,595

Resource Royalty Payments

1993-1994...................................................................................$ 1,260
1994-1995.................................................................................$ 53,060
1995-1996.............................................................................$ 1,089,078
1996-1997.............................................................................$ 1,018,000
1997-1998.............................................................................$ 1,034,221

Total $3,195,619

Implementation Payments

Implementation Payments, pursuant to the Implementation Contract, made to the Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporated, Government of the Northwest Territories and imple menting bodies for fiscal years 1993-94 to 1997-98 are listed below. Annual payments to individual recipients are available in previous Nunavut Implementation Panel annual reports.

1993-1994..........................................................................$ 26,295,640
1994-1995.............................................................................$6,320,187
1995-1996..........................................................................$ 12,434,589
1996-1997..........................................................................$ 13,306,032
1997-1998..........................................................................$ 13,670,874

Total $72,027,322

Return to Table of Contents





Appendix 5: Amendments

The following is a cumulative list of all amendments to the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement and to the Implementation Contract, which received Governor in Council approval following all-party recommendations.

Nunavut Land Claims Agreement

Implementation Contract

Return to Table of Contents


Date modified: