Once a comprehensive land claim or self-government agreement is signed and ratified, the parties move to the implementation of the agreement and the associated implementation plan that was negotiated in conjunction with the agreement. The implementation plan is a roadmap for the signatories to the agreement, laying out specific activities, resources and timeframes required to fulfill agreement provisions and delegating responsibility for these decisions.
In addition to building strong partnerships between Aboriginal people and governments, successful implementation of final agreements creates a positive and stable climate for investment and economic growth on Aboriginal lands and in surrounding communities.
As of September 2012, 26 comprehensive land claim and self-government agreements, covering over 50 percent of Canada's land mass, have been ratified and brought into effect. There are also two stand alone self-government agreements.
Signed and ratified comprehensive claims and self-government agreements include:
There is also a sectoral self-government agreement on education jurisdiction in Nova Scotia. Learn more about this agreement and tripartite education agreements signed in other provinces to improve education outcomes for First Nation students.
Updated: September 2012