This website will change as a result of the dissolution of Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada, the creation of Indigenous Services Canada and the eventual creation of Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada. During this transformation, you may also wish to consult the updated Indigenous and Northern Affairs home page.
Alberta. As Long As the Sun Shines, the Rivers Flow and the Grass Grows. Edmonton: Government of Alberta, 1977.
Alberta. A Report: Treaty Number Six, 1876-1976; Treaty Number Seven, 1877-1977. Edmonton: Indian Treaties Commemoration Program, 1977.
Allen, Robert S. Big Bear. 1972.
Barkwell, Peter Alan. "The Medicine Chest Clause in Treaty No. 6." Canadian Native Law Reporter, no. 3 (1981): 1-23.
Buckley, Helen. From Wooden Ploughs to Welfare: Why Indian Policy Failed in the Prairie Provinces. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1992.
Carter, Sarah. Aboriginal People and Colonizers of Western Canada to 1900. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1999.
Chalmers, John W. "Treaty No. Six." Alberta History 25, no. 2 (1977): 23-27.
Chalmers, John W. Laird of the West. Calgary: Dtselig Enterprises, 1981.
Chief and Councillors. Treaty Commemoration, 1879-1979: Little Pine Band #116. Pynton, Saskatchewan: Little Pine Band, 1979.
Christensen, Deanna. Ahtahkakoop: The Epic Account of a Plains Cree Head Chief, His Peoples, and Their Vision for Survival, 1816-1896. Shell Lake, Saskatchewan: Ahtahkakoop Nation, 2000.
Curriculum Studies and Research Department of the Saskatchewan Indian Cultural College. Treaty Six: Saskatchewan and Alberta, 100 Years, 1876-1976. Edited by Solomon Mosquito et al. Saskatoon: Saskatchewan Indian Cultural College, Curriculum Studies and Research, 1976.
Dempsey, Hugh A. Big Bear: The End of Freedom. Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre, 1984.
Dempsey, James. "Persistence of a Warrior Ethic Among the Plains Indians." Alberta History 36, no. 1 (1988): 1-10.
DIAND. Select Papers: Evolution of Treaty Concepts Generally, Aboriginal Title, Etc. Ottawa: Treaties and Historical Research Centre, Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, 1973.
DIAND. Education - Treaties 1-11 (General Documentation). Ottawa: Treaties and Historical Research Centre, Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, 1974.
Drees, Laura Meijer. "Citizenship and Treaty Rights: The Indian Association of Alberta and the Canadian Indian Act, 1946-1948." Great Plains Quarterly 20, no. 2 (2000): 141-58.
Dyck, Noel. "The Negotiation of Indian Treaties and Land Rights in Saskatchewan." In Aborigines, Land and Land Rights, ed. Nicolas Peterson and Marcia Langton, 405-15. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, 1983.
Friesen, Jean. "'Magnificent Gifts': The Treaties of Canada with the Indians of the Northwest, 1869-76." Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada 1, no. 5 (1986): 41-51.
Gosse, R., Henderson, J. Y., and R. Carter. Continuing Poundmaker and Riel's Quest: A Compilation of the Presentations Made At a Conference on Aboriginal Peoples and Justice. Saskatoon: Purich Publishing, 1994.
Gulig, Anthony G. Shifting Sands: Treaty Rights and Fish and Game Law Enforcement in Northern Saskatchewan, 1920-1945. Whitewater, Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press, 2000.
Indian and Northern Curriculum Resources Center. Treaty #6 Kit. Saskatoon: Indian and Northern Education, University of Saskatchewan, 1970.
Innes, Rob. "'I Do Not Keep the Lands nor Do I Give Them Away:' Did Canada and Plains Cree Come to a Meeting of the Minds in the Negotiations of Treaty Four and Six?" Journal of Indigenous Thought 2, no. 2 (1999).
Irwin, Robert. "'A Clear Intention to Effect Such a Modification:' The NRTA and Treaty Hunting and Fishing Rights." Native Studies Review (2000): 47-89.
King, Archie. "After 100 Years Thunderchild Remembers." Saskatchewan Indian 9, no. 6 (June 1979): 10-11.
Kuhlen, Daniel J. A Layperson's Guide to Treaty Rights in Canada. Saskatoon: University of Saskatchewan Native Law Centre, 1985.
McLeod, Neal. "Rethinking Treaty Six in the Spirit of Mistahimaskwa (Big Bear)." Canadian Journal of Native Studies 19, no. 1 (1999): 69-89.
McQuillan, Aiden D. "Creation of Indian Reserves on the Canadian Prairies, 1870-85." The Geographical Review 70, no. 4 (October 1980): 379-96.
Miller, J.R. Big Bear (Mistahimusqua) A Biography. Toronto: ECW Press, 1996.
Milloy, John S. The Plains Cree: Trade, Diplomacy and War. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 1988.
Morris, Alexander. The Treaties of Canada with the Indians of Manitoba and the North-West Territories, Including the Negotiations on Which They Were Based, and Other Information Related Thereto. 1880; reprint, Toronto: Prospero Books, 2000.
Mosquito, Solomon et al, eds. Treaty Six: Saskatchewan and Alberta, 100 Years, 1876-1976. Saskatoon: Saskatchewan Indian Cultural College, Curriculum Studies and Research, 1976.
Pratt, Alan. Discussion Paper Regarding the Natural Resources Transfer Agreements of the Prairie Provinces: The Numbered Treaties and Extinguishment: A Legal Analysis. Ottawa: Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples, 1993.
Price, Richard T., ed. Spirit and Terms of Treaties 6, 7 & 8: Alberta Indian Perspectives. Edmonton: Indian Association of Alberta, 1975.
Price, Richard T., ed. New Perspectives on the Alberta Indian Treaties. Edmonton: Indian Association of Alberta, 1976.
Price, Richard T., ed. The Spirit of the Alberta Indian Treaties. Edmonton: Pica Pica Press, 1987.
Raby, S. "Indian Land Surrenders in Southern Saskatchewan." Canadian Geographer 17, no. 1 (1973): 36-52.
Ray, Arthur J., J.R. Miller, and Frank Tough, eds. Bounty and Benevolence: A History of Saskatchewan Treaties. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2000.
Russell, Dale. Eighteenth Century Western Cree and Their Neighbours. Hull, Quebec: Canadian Museum of Civilization, 1991.
Sliwa, Stephen. "Treaty Day for the Willow Cree." Saskatchewan History 47, no. 1 (1995): 3-12.
Sluman, Norma and Jean Goodwill. John Tootoosis: Biography of a Cree Leader / As Told by Norma Sluman and Jean Goodwill. Ottawa: Golden Dog Press, 1982.
Stobie, Margaret R. "In the Time of the Making of Treaties." Manitoba History, no. 10 (1985): 21-29.
Stonechild, Blair A. and Bill Waiser. Loyal Till Death: Indians and the North-West Rebellion. Calgary: Fifth House Publishers, 1997.
Taylor, John L. "The Development of an Indian Policy for the Canadian North-West." PhD Thesis, Queen's University, 1975.
Taylor, John L. Treaty Research Report: Treaty Six, (1876) = Rapport de recherche sur les traités : Traité Six (1876). Ottawa: Treaties and Historical Research Centre, Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, 1985.
Taylor, John L. Two Views on the Meaning of Treaties Six and Seven: An Examination of the Significance of Treaties Six and Seven in the Light of Archival Records and Indian Testimony. Ottawa: Indian Claims Commission, 1986.
Titley, Brian E. "The Fate of the Sharphead Stoneys." Alberta History 39, no. 1 (1991): 1-8.
Tough, Frank. "Aboriginal Rights Versus the Deed of Surrender: The Legal Rights of Native Peoples and Canada's Acquisition of the Hudson's Bay Company Territory." Prairie Forum 17, no. 2 (1992): 225-50.
Venne, Sharon. Treaty 6. Ottawa: Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples, 1993.
Venne, Sharon, et al. Honour Bound: Onion Lake and the Spirit of Treaty Six: The International Validity of Treaties with Indigenous Peoples. Copenhagen, Denmark: International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs, 1997.
Wheaton, Cathy. "The Role of Treaties in the History of Saskatchewan Indian Politics 1910 to 1992." Journal of Indigenous Thought 2, no. 2 (Fall 1999).
Whitehouse, Derek. "The Numbered Treaties: Similar Means to Dichotomous Ends." Past Imperfect 3 (1994): 25-45.
Wright, Roland. The Implementation of Treaty Six, 1876-191: The Entitlement Question. Ottawa: Treaty and Aboriginal Rights Research of the Indian Association of Alberta, 1976.