The Williams Treaties (1923)


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After an inquiry into the status of colonial land surrenders in Upper Canada, Canada and Ontario agreed that a new treaty should be undertaken with the Ojibway peoples living in Central Ontario. Two separate treaties were negotiated and signed for the surrender of lands in central Ontario and the northern shore of Lake Ontario.

Read a historical interpretation of the treaty in Treaty Research Report: The Williams Treaties

Look at a typed transcript of the Treaty Text of The Chippewa Indians and the Treaty Text of The Mississauga Indians.

View a map of Canada in 1923 (2.100 Mb).

Find more resources in the Bibliography by Treaty section.

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