Treaty No. 9. In response to continuous petitions from the Cree and Ojibwa people of northern Ontario, and in keeping with its policy of paving the way for settlement and development, the federal government in 1905-1906 negotiated Treaty 9, also known as the James Bay Treaty. For the first and only time, a provincial government took an active role in negotiations. Together with the area acquired by adhesions in 1929-1930, Treaty 9 covers almost two-thirds of the are that became northern Ontario.
In 1905, the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan are created.
Read a historical interpretation of the treaty in Treaty Research Report: Treaty Nine
Look at a typed transcript of the Treaties Nine text.
View a map of Canada in 1905 (PDF 2,048 Kb).
Find more resources in Bibliography by Treaty: Treaty Nine