Treaty Guide to Treaty No. 3 (1873)

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Treaty No. 3. After three years of negotiations, the Dominion of Canada and the Saulteaux tribe of Ojibway Indians entered into treaty at the North-West Angle of the Lake of the Woods. With the Saulteaux surrendering title to an area of 14,245,000 hectares, Canada acquired land for agriculture, settlement and mineral discovery. More importantly, Canada secured communications with the North-West Territories, including the route of the future Canadian Pacific Railway.

In 1873, Prince Edward Island enters Confederation, bringing the number of provinces in the Dominion to seven.

Read a historical interpretation of the treaty in Treaty Research Report: Treaty Three

Look at a typed transcript of the Treaties Three text.

View a map of Canada in 1873 (PDF 1,629 Kb).

Find more resources in Bibliography by Treaty: Treaty Three