Treaty No. 1 & Treaty No. 2. The first post-Confederation treaty, Treaty One, is concluded in August 1871 and covers Manitoba as it existed then. Treaty Two is concluded a few weeks later and covers areas needed for expansion and settlement in the west and north of the Province. British Columbia enters Confederation on the understanding that construction of the east-west railway will begin in two years and will be completed in ten.
Read a historical interpretation of the treaty in Treaty Research Report: Treaty One and Treaty Two
Look at a typed transcript of the Treaties 1 and 2 text.
View a map of Canada in 1871 (PDF 1,622 Kb).