The Government of Canada has mandates to establish negotiation processes to address Aboriginal and treaty rights in various parts of Canada. These negotiation processes generally involve three parties: the Government of Canada, the provincial government and the Aboriginal group. These processes generally deal with Aboriginal and treaty rights, including Aboriginal title and are designed around the circumstances, needs and interests of all involved parties. Generally, areas of federal jurisdiction open for negotiation include: fish, national parks, migratory birds and federal crown land.
Negotiation processes begin with the establishment of a framework agreement. A framework agreement is a road map and timetable that defines how parties will move forward, the list of issues to discuss and how to reach an agreement. The rights and benefits set out in these agreements may include, but are not limited to:
- ownership of certain lands;
- wildlife harvesting rights;
- participation in land, water, wildlife, and environmental management in specific areas;
- financial payments;
- role in managing heritage resources and parks in the area;
- resource revenue sharing;
- self-government; and,
- measures to participate in the economy.
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