This section includes resources on over 70 historical treaties negotiated with First Nations between 1701 and 1923.
Before Confederation, the Dominion of Canada signed treaties with First Nations. Since Confederation, the Government of Canada continues to negotiate modern treaties. Treaty relationships provide a resource for resolving long-standing claims and disputes and for improved cooperation between the Government of Canada and First Nations. Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada (AANDC) is the federal department responsible for negotiating and implementing treaties (including comprehensive and specific land claims). AANDC also maintains a centre of expertise for understanding Canada's historic treaties with First Peoples.
In this section, find historical material including transcripts of original treaty texts and archival images of treaty signing ceremonies. Other resources include reports on specific treaties and treaty guides that provide easily understandable summaries, maps and other resources. You can also find information on Treaty Annuity Payments and timelines and maps illustrating the evolution of Canada through treaty-making between 1867 and 1999.
Treaty Policy Directorate