Inuvialuit Final Agreement

Land Exchanges

The Inuvialuit Final Agreement (IFA) was signed in 1984. The agreement created the Inuvialuit Settlement Region (ISR) in Canada’s western Arctic, spanning 906,430 km2. Canada, the Government of the Northwest Territories and the Inuvialuit are making steady progress in self-government negotiations, as these matters were not addressed in the CLCA.

During the land selection process for the (IFA), Canada retained certain land for the creation of the Pingo Canadian Landmark, in exchange for replacement lands of equivalent value in the Western Arctic Settlement Region that would be suitable to the Inuvialuit. In 2009, the Government of Canada and the Inuvialuit reached an agreement in the exchange of Crown land for the Pingo Canadian Landmark, as required under the Inuvialuit Final Agreement. The administrative steps to finalize the exchange are being completed.

In the IFA, a number of sites were identified in “Annex R” for which ownership to the land was transferred to the Inuvialuit, and for which Canada retained a “reserved” interest to allow for the continued use and eventual reclamation of the land. The release of the lands has not taken place as quickly as either Canada or the Inuvialuit would like, however progress has been made over the last several years.

One of the sites, the Kittigazuit Military site near Kittigazuit Bay between Inuvik and Tuktoyaktuk, was used as a long-range navigation site (LORAN) by the military. Full remediation of the site was funded by Canada and completed by Inuvialuit Projects Incorporated in 2005. The work was jointly inspected and approved to the satisfaction of all parties, and the site has been released to the Inuvialuit, as per the final agreement.