In the case of a comprehensive land claim agreement, the implementation work begins with fulfilling specific onetime obligations, such as the survey and transfer of land, cash compensation and funding arrangements, and the creation of boards. In the case of a self-government agreement, the work begins with establishing the new bodies that will provide governance and operational capacity. These are major, complex undertakings that require the cooperation of experts on all sides.
While a comprehensive land claim or self-government agreement defines the rights and responsibilities of each party, the implementation plan and accompanying documents—for example, financial transfer agreements—describes how the parties work together on a day-to-day basis, interpreting how the agreement applies to real situations.
All parties—federal, Aboriginal and territorial—must combine their efforts to make an agreement work, using the roles provided by the Agreements and implementation plans to guide all of their activities.
While there are set objectives, deliverables and milestones that must be achieved once a land claim or self-government agreement is signed, the work of implementation continues past the tasks outlined as part of the implementation plan, and becomes a new way for Aboriginal people and governments to work together going forward.
All parties interested in and affected by land claims implementation—beneficiaries, governments and others—have a responsibility to get involved and informed on obligations and rights under Comprehensive Land Claim Agreements Canada's modern treaties.
Here are some resources to get you started:
Aboriginal and Territorial Relations, INAC/NT Region
Tlicho First Nation
Inuvialuit Regional Corporation
Gwich'in Tribal Council
Government of the Northwest Territories