Welcome to Ontario Region. In this section you'll find news and information specific to Ontario, as well as links to national information and programs of interest to First Nation, Métis, and Inuit communities. The largest number of people with Aboriginal ancestry in Canada live in Ontario (242,495 of the over 1,172,785) Footnote 1.
Almost half of the 181,524 Registered Indian population in Ontario lives on 207 reserves and settlements, and there are 126 bands Footnote 2
, with over 23,000 speakers of Aboriginal languages Footnote 3
. These communities are located across the province, from near Windsor in the south to the shores of Hudson Bay in the north (see map showing the locations of Ontario's First Nations). Five of the twenty largest bands in Canada are located in Ontario. One in four Ontario First Nations is a small, remote community, accessible only by air year round, or by ice road in the winter. Ontario has more remote First Nations than any other region in Canada Footnote 4
. Major urban Aboriginal populations are in Thunder Bay, Sudbury, Sault Ste. Marie, Ottawa, and Toronto.