Fact Sheet: 2006 Census Aboriginal Demographics
- The Aboriginal identity population reached 1,172,785 in 2006 of which 53% are
Registered Indians, 30% are Métis, 11% are Non-status Indians and 4% are Inuit.
Overall the Aboriginal identity population represents 4% of the Canadian population.
- Since 1996, the Aboriginal population has increased by 47% compared to 8% for
- Eight out of 10 Aboriginal people currently reside in Ontario and the four Western provinces.
- Over half (54%) of Aboriginal people reside in urban areas (81% for non-Aboriginals).
In major cities, the concentration of Aboriginal people is highest in Winnipeg (10%)
followed by Regina and Saskatoon (9%).
- Forty-eight percent of Aboriginal people are less than 25 years old (31% for non-Aboriginals). The median age of the Aboriginal population is 27 compared with 40 for non-Aboriginals.
- The Aboriginal population aged 25-64 lags behind in educational attainment with 34% having
less than high school (50% on reserve) compared with 15% of non-Aboriginals of the same age.
- The Aboriginal population aged 25-64 with a university degree has increased slightly
since 2001 (from 6% to 8%). However, they still lag far behind the non-Aboriginal population (23%) and the gap
between the two populations continued to widen between 2001 and 2006.
Labour market activity
- Since 2001, the Aboriginal population 15-64 yrs (i.e. of working age) increased by 25%, compared with
6% for other Canadians, to reach 767,420 individuals of which 512,365 participated in the labour force.
- Since 2001, the employment rate for Aboriginal people aged 25-64 has increased (from 58% to 63%) but
it still remains much lower than for non-Aboriginals (76%).
- Despite an important decline since 2001, the unemployment rate for Aboriginal people aged 25-64 remains
almost three times the rate for non-Aboriginals in 2006 (13% vs. 5%). It exceeds the national rate in every region.
- Aboriginal youth represent a wealth of future labour resources. Between 2001 and 2026, more than 600,000
Aboriginal youth will come of age to enter the labour market. The 15-29 age group, in particular, is projected
to grow by 37% compared with 6% for the general Canadian population (Hull, 2008).
- By 2026, 36% of the population 15-29 years old in Saskatchewan is expected to be Aboriginal. In Manitoba,
this proportion is projected to be 28% (Hull, 2008).
Hull, Jeremy. 2008. "Aboriginal Youth in the Canadian Labour Market." p. 40-44 in: Hope or Heartbreak: Aboriginal Youth and Canada's Future, Horizons
Statistics Canada. Aboriginal Peoples in Canada in 2006: Inuit, Métis and First Nations, 2006 Census. Catalogue no. 97-558-XIE.
Statistics Canada, 2006 Census, INAC tabulations.
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