Urban Indigenous peoples

The term — urban Indigenous peoples — refers primarily to First Nation, Inuit and Métis individuals currently residing in urban areas. According to 2011 Census data, off-reserve Indigenous people constitute the fastest growing segment of Canadian society. In 2011, 56% of Indigenous peoples lived in urban areas, up from 49% in 1996. That’s a 7% increase over 14 years.

The cities with the largest Indigenous populations in 2011 were Winnipeg (78,420), Edmonton (61,765), Vancouver (52,375), Toronto (36,995), Calgary (33,370), Ottawa-Gatineau (30,570), Montreal (26,280), Saskatoon (23,895) and Regina (19,785).

Urban Aboriginal Strategy

Budget 2016 proposes $23.7 million for 2016-2017 for the Urban Aboriginal Strategy. In 2016-2017, the Government of Canada will identify ways to strengthen the strategy to effectively meet the needs of urban Indigenous peoples.

The Urban Aboriginal Strategy provides project funding for programs and services that help increase the participation of Indigenous peoples in the economy. From 2014 to 2016, the Government of Canada provided $51 million each year to the strategy.

Through the strategy, Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC) provides support to the National Association of Friendship Centres to administer two programs:

The Urban Aboriginal Strategy:

Through a regional strategic planning process with stakeholders, the strategy will support initiatives that:

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