The term - Urban Aboriginal people - refers primarily to Inuit, Métis and First Nations currently residing in urban areas. According to 2006 Census data, off-reserve Aboriginal people constitute the fastest growing segment of Canadian Society. In 2006 a full 56% of Aboriginal people lived in urban areas, up from 50% in 1996. The cities with the largest Aboriginal populations were Winnipeg (68,380), Edmonton (52,100), Vancouver (40,310), Toronto (26,575), Calgary (26,575), Saskatoon (21,535), and Regina (17,105).
As of September 4, 2012, the part of the Office of the Federal Interlocutor (OFI) that deals with urban programming has joined the department's Regional Operations branch in order to streamline program management and business processes to deliver efficient, effective and accountable programs.