First Nations


This website will change as a result of the dissolution of Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada, the creation of Indigenous Services Canada and the eventual creation of Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada. During this transformation, you may also wish to consult the updated Indigenous and Northern Affairs home page.

'First Nations people' include Status and non-Status Indians.

According to the 2016 Census, more than 1.67 million people in Canada identify themselves as an Aboriginal person – that equals 4.9% of the Canadian population.

There are more than 630 First Nation communities in Canada, which represent more than 50 Nations and 50 Indigenous languages.

Find out more

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