"Aboriginal peoples" is a collective name for the original peoples of North America and their descendants. The Canadian constitution recognizes three groups of Aboriginal people: Indians (commonly referred to as First Nations), Métis and Inuit. These are three distinct peoples with unique histories, languages, cultural practices and spiritual beliefs. More than one million people in Canada identify themselves as an Aboriginal person, according to the 2006 Census.
Aboriginal communities are located in urban, rural and remote locations across Canada. They include:
AANDC's role is to support Aboriginal people (First Nations, Inuit and Métis) and Northerners in their efforts to:
AANDC is one of the federal government departments responsible for meeting the Government of Canada's obligations and commitments to First Nations, Inuit and Métis. Through these responsibilities, AANDC helps to maintain and strengthen the relationship between the Government of Canada and Aboriginal people.
Find information on Aboriginal people and communities, Aboriginal governance and international activities involving Canada's Aboriginal and Northern peoples.
This report provides a summary of actions undertaken by the Government of Canada in the areas of: Education; Governance and Reconciliation; Activating Lands and Supporting Economic Development; and, Empowering Citizens and Communities.