2.0 Levels of Service Standard
2.1 Subject to the availability of funds and departmental priorities, DIAND will
contribute funding to a First Nation's school site development, normally but not
necessarily as an integral part of a school construction, addition or renovation project.
The funding is based on: adequate site analysis; environmental assessment; life-cycle
cost considerations to determine the site location, site size, its overall layout and terrain
development; circulation aspects; environmental protection features; and sports fields,
playgrounds and landscaping which support the school's education program
2.2 Subject to the availability of sufficient suitable land, and in view of the
considerations in 2.1 above, the school site development will provide a level of service
- provide a site of at least 2 hectares (5 acres) for Grade K to 6 "elementary"
schools, ranging up to 6 hectares (15 acres) for Grade K to 12 "comprehensive"
schools, calculated in accordance with the financial and technical criteria listed in
section 5.5 below; and,
- meet at least 35-year site needs corresponding to a projected 35-year life
cycle of the school building, taking into account the possibility of future school
expansion to accommodate future increases in student enrollment or the addition of
more school grades, which may extend requirements for the school site's life cycle to
50 years or more.
3.0 General Criteria
3.1 There is no implied restriction on any additional school site development which
may be preferred and funded by First Nations beyond the DIAND-funded level of
3.2 Where applicable, DIAND or the provincial/territorial education authority will be
requested to review drawings and specifications for school site development plans on
reserve, to check for conformance with relevant site development guidelines.
3.3 An environmental assessment of the proposed school project, and its related site
development, including adequate mitigation measures and monitoring (before, during
and after construction), is required in accordance with DIAND environmental guidelines
based on the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act (CEAA), and compliance with
all other relevant federal/provincial/territorial environmental statutes, such as the
Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA), Fisheries Act, etc., as applicable. DIAND encourages the concept of sustainable development, and promotes practices
consistent with the 1996 federal initiative entitled, "Greening of Government Operations
3.4 Cost effectiveness and quality of school site development planning, design and
implementation should comply with the financial and technical criteria outlined in this
4.0 Financial and Technical Criteria
4.1 The most cost-effective means of school site development should be determined
in the school project's feasibility study, through comprehensive site analysis and life
cycle cost analysis of all (at least three) viable site alternatives, where DIAND funding
is provided in support of a school project and its associated site development.
4.2 DIAND capital funding and relevant O&M funding for school site development
will be subject to the applicable Funding Arrangement terms and conditions, in
accordance with DIAND funding policies.
4.3 Net Funding Requirement (NFR) for ongoing DIAND O&M funding for school site
maintenance is included in the O&M funding of the school building.
4.4 DIAND capital funding for site development will be provided up to 10% of the
school building's construction costs, as required, to provide for preliminary site
preparation and finish site development, plus certain justifiable extras, as follows:
- the full cost of preliminary site preparation up to 6% of the school building
construction costs; and,
- the cost of finish site development up to 4% of the school building
construction costs (3% for larger schools exceeding 24 classrooms), plus, if required,
any remaining unused portion of the 6% identified for preliminary site preparation;
- plus, certain justifiable extras for difficult soil and terrain conditions, and/or
environmental protection/mitigation requirements, or for unusual student safety
4.5 For new schools, with school grades within the following K-6, K-9, K-12
categories, comprising the indicated number of students calculated on a full-time
attendance basis as per the School Space Accommodation Standards, the developed
site size recommended, subject to availability of sufficient suitable land, is as follows:
- Two (2) hectares (5 acres) recommended for an elementary K-6 (from
kindergarten up to grade 6) school of up to 100 students, plus 0.4 hectares for each
additional 100 students; or,
- Four (4) hectares (10 acres) recommended for an elementary / junior K-9
(from kindergarten up to grade 9) school of up to 100 students, plus 0.4 hectares for
each additional 100 students; or,
- Six (6) hectares (15 acres) recommended for a comprehensive K-12 (from
kindergarten up to grade 12) school of up to 200 students, plus 0.4 hectares for each
additional 100 students.
4.6 For school additions, the developed site size recommended for the total
expanded school facility, subject to availability of sufficient suitable land, should
provide a finished site size which will provide an appropriate, reasonable area for the
expanded or renovated site, suitable to accommodate the expanded school program
requirements, not exceeding the site size for new schools stated in 4.5 above.
4.7 For combined use site(s), the total developed site size recommended for the
sum of all area(s) utilized for school-related site functions should provide a finished site
size which will combine the school's site functions with other compatible community
uses, either on one site or partly on adjacent site(s), in order to avoid duplication,
enhance cost efficiencies and the functionality of the site(s), and minimize
environmental impacts. The total site area for school-related use of any such combined
site(s) should not exceed the site size for new schools stated in 4.5 above.
4.8 Wherever feasible, a reserve should normally have only one school site, large
enough to adequately serve the school building(s) contained on the site, including if
necessary adequate separation of elementary and secondary schools, without
imposing any limitations on the school's current and future program requirements. The site for teachers' accommodation should normally be a residential site separate from
the school site. Therefore it should not be included in any of the school site size criteria
in 4.5 or 4.6 above.
4.9 Site planning should include a thorough site analysis, with environmental
assessment, of all (at least three) potential school sites; a life cycle cost-benefit
rationale for the selected site; and detailed site development plans.
4.10 Construction and upkeep of the school site should meet applicable provincial/
territorial technical guidelines and standards for school site development.